Rhinosinusitis is one of the common conditions that affect millions of people around the world. A lot of studies have revealed that patients with sinusitis or chronic sinusitis have a lower overall and disease-specific quality of life. For most of the patients, the discomfort from sinus is a monthly episode. If you are one of the patients of sinus or know anyone who has said to you that they are suffering from this condition, they can take advantage of the new and latest surgical procedure, called FESS (Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery). The procedure has proven to be effective from a lot of procedures that claim to cure sinus or underlying conditions.
Break free from sinus and breath better!
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is one of the most effective approaches for suitably selected patients with sinus disease. In an ideal condition, the surgery is suggested to patients with chronic sinus, who have already tried home-remedies and direct medical approach. The same might include saline irrigation, nasal steroids, nasal antihistamines, oral antibiotics, and oral antihistamines, & so on. But an ENT specialist can tell you what to do if you are a patient of the sinus. A doctor can understand the symptoms well and look at the condition if it’s hiding anything else.
The typical or commonly known symptoms of chronic sinusitis include:
- Facial pain/pressure
- Nasal congestion
- Smell changes
- Post-nasal drainage
- Tooth pain/sensitivity
- Bad breath
- Ear pain
Before diving in the benefits of advanced daycare procedure for sinus and the need for a surgical procedure in different stages or degree of sinus, let’s see why does anyone have to bear sinus pain?
Why do we have sinuses?
Well, if I tell you the exact reason behind the occurrence of illness in our sinuses, I can’t. The experts are still trying to figure out the exact reason but some have said that hollow cavities in our face help humidify the air that we breathe, while others claimed, they improve the resonance in our voice. We understand the agony of a sinus patient, one might start thinking that sinus exists only to make a person sick. Every year, across the globe, irrespective of gender, millions of people are being diagnosed with acute or chronic sinusitis. The major difference is the duration of condition or relentlessness.
The differentiation between chronic sinusitis & acute sinusitis is that if the condition turns chronic, it may last for almost twelve weeks.
On the other hand, acute sinusitis may resolve within a week. Also, if the condition is not yet chronic, leveraging medical assistance, a patient can shorten the duration of sickness to a few days.
Can acute sinus clears up without treatment?
In most cases, the treatment of sinus depends on the cause, that can be due to a virus or bacteria which may lead to inflammation and resulting in fluid buildup in your nasal passages. A patient is likely to observe discharge coming from the nose or even down the back of your throat. If so, i.e., the discharge has started, the same may lead to difficulty in breathing from the nose. When such conditions persist, most patients feel facial pain or headache that gets severe when you move your head.
Fortunately, acute sinusitis which resulted from the common cold resolves on its own. It may take 2 – 3 days to fully clear up but a patient needs to make an appointment with an ENT specialist if the symptoms are getting worse.
If a patient of the acute sinus has a persistent fever or a history of recurring sinusitis, the condition may turn chronic. In case if a patient has another condition such as the deviated septum, that might make them more vulnerable. Acute sinusitis may result in increased pressure in the ears, pain in jaw, cough, fatigue, and even high fever if it continues to get worse. Complications apart from the aforementioned ones are rare, but acute sinusitis can always turn to chronic sinusitis, if not treated properly, as well as the loss of sight or smell.
The most effective ways to both prevent and treat sinusitis are listed below:
- Try to keep away from sick people, especially those have cold
- Using a humidifier to keep the air moist
- Antibiotics, in case of bacterial infection
- Not smoking
Stop that cough and sinus infection!
If sinus pain or other symptoms last over twelve weeks, a patient is likely has chronic sinusitis. Some latest equipment and modern techniques help doctors and specialists to diagnose the health for sinus as well as any other condition. An ENT specialist may ask for a nasal endoscopy to image the nose and sinuses. In certain cases, a doctor may perform a sinus CT scan, which will help identify the swelling and estimate the severity of sinusitis. Also, just like any other treatment, the treatment of chronic sinusitis focuses on reducing the symptoms in the long term. The most common approach is to try to reduce the swelling.
This is not obvious but also, not completely bogus, saline rinses have been used by patients to flush out the pathogens in acute sinusitis, especially if you are experiencing severe congestion. Most of all, the patient has to improve lifestyle factors. They need to avoid smoking, second-hand smoke and try to maintain moist air with a humidifier in the nose, especially at night.
How can a surgery cure chronic sinusitis?
Sometimes the home-made remedies, OTC medications as well as small-time medications do not deliver desired results, in such cases, a surgical options are usually discussed with patients. FESS is an outpatient procedure that not only offers a faster relief but also involves fewer complications and known for its high success rate which is whopping 90%.
It has been observed that over 80% of patients with chronic sinusitis get improper sleep and are generally affected by daytime sleepiness. Sinus has a direct correlation with sleep quality. According to a lot of studies, experts have looked into whether or not sinus surgery improves sleep quality in adult patients of chronic sinusitis. The observations are mixed. For most of the patients, after getting the surgical procedure, the condition healed and the sleep pattern returned to normal in less than a month. It was obvious for these patients that sleep scores improved with regard to every measured parameter. However, for some patients who have undergone the sinus surgery, the sleep quality improved but to a small extent.
Aftercare and recovery!
Once the treatment is completed, temporary nasal packing will be placed in the nose of the patient to support the newly opened sinus passages. A good ENT specialist will use a dissolvable nasal packing that is gradually resorbed by the body and doesn’t require removal. The recovery time depends on overall health and which sinus surgery you have. In general, a patient needs to plan to be away from work or school for 2 – 3 days after the advanced surgical treatment for an excellent recovery.