If you are a sinusitis patient or know anyone who is suffering from this condition, then now you can choose the new and latest surgical procedure, called FESS (Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery). The procedure has proven to be effective than a lot of other procedures that claim to cure sinus or underlying conditions.

What is FESS surgery?

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery or FESS surgery is a minimally-invasive procedure that treats various types of abnormalities inside the nose that causes difficulty in breathing including sinus polyps and chronic sinusitis.

The ideal candidate for FESS surgery is those who have recurrent episodes of acute sinusitis or suffers from chronic sinusitis. 

The typical or commonly known symptoms of chronic sinusitis include:

  • Facial pain/pressure
  • Nasal congestion
  • Loss of smell
  • Post-nasal drainage
  • Tooth pain/sensitivity
  • Cough
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • Ear pain

Before diving in the benefits of advanced daycare procedure for sinus and the need for a surgical procedure in different stages or degree of sinus, let’s see what to expect during FESS surgery.

How FESS surgery cures chronic sinusitis?

The FESS Surgery starts with the ENT doctor administering anesthesia-general or local- to the patient. As the name suggests, FESS involves using an endoscope, a small tube with a camera attached to the top, to perform the surgery.

The doctor inserts an endoscope through the nostril to look inside the nasal cavity. Using the endoscope, the camera projects images that help doctors detect any abnormal growth or polyps that are obstructing the nasal airway. After this, the surgeon removes or repositions the abnormality with instruments that ensure precision.

The doctor finishes the procedure by placing a nasal packing temporarily inside the nose to support the sinus passages as well as to absorb excess fluid when the tissues heal. Apparently, some nasal packing that is absorbable in nature and doesn’t require removal. 

How Long Does It Take To Recover from FESS Surgery?

A good ENT specialist will use a dissolvable nasal packing that is gradually resorbed by the body and doesn’t require removal. One must remember, the recovery time depends on the overall health and physical condition of the patient. In general, a patient needs to plan to be away from work or school for 2 – 3 days after the advanced surgical treatment for a complication-free recovery.

What are the benefits of FESS Surgery?

When home remedies, OTC medications as well as antibiotics for sinusitis do not deliver desired results, ENT doctor prescribes surgical options to their patients. To elaborate, FESS is an outpatient procedure that not only offers a faster relief but also involves fewer complications and known for its high success rate which is a whopping 90%.

There are several benefits of FESS surgery over conventional sinus procedures for treating sinusitis. Some of them are-

  • Long-lasting results
  • Minimal pain
  • Faster recovery
  • No visible scarring of the nose
  • Lower chances of complications
  • Minimally-invasive surgery
  • Comparatively lower chances of bleeding
  • Less removal of nasal tissue

How effective is FESS Surgery for curing Sinusitis?

Sinus has a direct correlation with sleep quality. According to a lot of studies, experts have looked into whether or not sinus surgery improves sleep quality in adult patients of chronic sinusitis. The findings were mixed. For most of the patients, after getting the surgical procedure, the condition healed and the sleep pattern returned to normal in less than a month. It was obvious for these patients that sleep scores improved with regard to every measured parameter. However, for some patients who have undergone sinus surgery, the sleep quality improved but only to a small extent.

Just like any other surgery, FESS surgery also incurs some side effects. However, it is important to mention here that none of the side effects are severe and can be easily treatable. Some of the common side effects that people report after FESS surgery are-

  • Bleeding
  • Nasal drainage
  • Pain
  • Loss of sense of smell or taste temporarily

How to recover from FESS surgery?

Complications apart from the aforementioned ones are rare, but acute sinusitis can always turn to chronic sinusitis, if not treated properly, as well as the loss of sight or smell. Apparently, side effects can turn severe if postoperative care is not proper. Hence, follow the post-operative measures diligently. 

The most effective ways to both prevent sinusitis and fasten the healing process are:

  • Try to keep away from sick people, especially those have cold
  • Breathe in moist air
  • Avoid allergens
  • Make sure all flu shots are up to date
  • Using a humidifier to keep the air moist
  • Take antibiotics, in case of bacterial infection
  • Not smoking

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