Have you ever seen blood after passing stool or a small bump in your rectal region? Although these might scare anyone easily, it might be a relief to know that these are a common occurrence. They are nothing but piles. Swollen veins, a little similar to varicose veins in the region of your lower rectum and anus is piles. Pile is also known as hemorrhoids.
Causes of piles
The specific cause of hemorrhoids is not known. They can occur either due to a strained bowel movement, i.e., constipation or even because of the pressure that veins experience during pregnancy.
Types of hemorrhoids
There are internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. The former is the one that develops inside your rectum and the latter is the located beneath your skin near the anus.
Severity of piles
Piles are a common condition. It is said that 3 out of 4 adults develop hemorrhoids. While sometimes these go away on their own without any symptoms, other times they might cause bleeding and itching. Sometimes, a clot may develop in hemorrhoid and this can cause severe pain. This is called thrombosed hemorrhoid.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
- You might notice blood after passing stool
- Irritation and itching near the anus
- Swelling around the anal region
- A lump near the anal region. This can be extremely painful. This might be a thrombosed hemorrhoid.
Fortunately, there are several options for piles treatment which can provide you with relief from these symptoms. There are a few remedies you can resort to ease these symptoms. A few of them are listed below.
You can treat piles by either making changes in your lifestyle, taking medications or even opting for surgical treatment.
Making changes in your lifestyle
As mentioned earlier, hemorrhoids can occur due to straining when you pass stool. And this occurs because of constipation. It is important that you make changes to your diet so that your stool becomes softer and can pass easily. For this, you need to include more fiber in your diet. Fruits and vegetables would help. Also, drink a lot of water and avoid caffeine as much as you can.
Massive body weight can also lead to piles. So, if you lose some weight, the severity of the condition can be reduced. Exercise regularly and when you don’t feel the urge to pass your stool, don’t strain your bowels.
There are a lot of medications available to provide relief from piles.
4. Over the counter medications
These are options available at a drug store or online. They include pads, creams, ointments, and painkillers. These don’t really cure piles but only control the symptoms. Make sure that you do not take these for more than 7 days since they can cause irritation. Also, unless your doctor has advised it, do not take more than 2 of these medications at the same time.
These are effective in controlling the inflammation and soothing the pain.
In case your piles if because you’re constipated, you might be given laxatives to help pass stool easily.
In this procedure, the doctor uses an elastic band near the base of the pile, which will cut off its blood supply, causing it to fall off.
8. Infrared coagulation
The hemorrhoid tissue will be burned using a device.
The tissue responsible for the bleeding will be removed.
10. Hemorrhoid stapling
In this procedure, blood flow is stopped to the hemorrhoid tissue.
Although piles can be pretty painful and irritating, it is always good to treat it with home remedies instead of opting for surgery. With home remedies, there are almost no side effects.