Getting what you want has never been easy. Especially with so many factors disrupting the environment and lifestyle, there lies an underlying risk of developing many deficiencies and health problems. One such problem is PCOS which causes problems with pregnancy planning. Most cases of female fertility are due to no ovulation as there are no eggs to get fertilized. Irregular or absent menstruation is often due to PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome). In this article, we will see if it’s possible to conceive with PCOS or not. Let’s have a common understanding of the related terms and aspects before proceeding further.
What is PCOS?
When too many male hormones- androgens are produced in a female’s body, it’s a polycystic ovary syndrome. PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that can interrupt a normal menstrual cycle and cause cysts on ovaries.
It is also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome and affects 1 out of 10 women. PCOS usually goes unnoticed. Most of the time, it comes out when a woman is unable to conceive despite many trials and attempts. The excess hair growth or irregular periods might be the signs. (Also Read: Things You Must Know If You Have PCOS)
As per the doctors, the major causes of PCOS can be:
One of the major and commonly observed causes of PCOS is obesity, which further causes insulin resistance and can root Type 2 diabetes.
This happens when cells cannot use insulin properly. The pancreas then makes more insulin to meet the body’s demand for insulin. This causes the ovaries to produce more male hormones.
PCOS runs in females. Many genes can contribute to this condition.
Excess inflammation can cause higher androgen levels in the body causing PCOS.
Also Read: 10 Myths Debunked about PCOS in Women
PCOS and Pregnancy- Does PCOS affect pregnancy?
Yes, women with PCOS find it hard to conceive and face many complications during pregnancy. Some of these are:
Miscarriage or pregnancy loss:
Women with PCOS are at a higher risk of miscarriage in the initial months than women without PCOS.
Children who are delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy are called preterm babies and are at a higher risk of developing many health problems right after birth and later in life which can be quite serious.
It’s a sudden increase in blood pressure of pregnant lady after the 20th week of pregnancy which might badly affect the mother’s kidneys, liver and brain.
Pregnant women with PCOS are at a higher risk of delivering a baby surgically. This will take more time in recovery and can carry risks for both the mother and the baby.
This type of diabetes occurs at the time of pregnancy only. Mothers with gestational diabetes face trouble in breathing due to low blood sugar levels. Moreover, both mother and baby are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Treatments and medications for PCOS for getting pregnant:
Overweight people are at a higher risk of developing PCOS and face problems getting pregnant.
Control weight gain during pregnancy:
You need to check on your weight before conceiving and make sure not to have excess weight gain during pregnancy.
Vitamin D supplements:
Vitamin D supplements help to increase the chance of ovulation naturally and can help to have regular periods when combined with metformin.
Inositol is a non-prescription dietary supplement that is believed to increase ovulation and cause regular periods in women with PCOS. It may cause mild abdominal discomfort.
IN Vitro Fertilization:
In IVF, eggs are retrieved from the ovaries, combined with sperm to form an embryo and then transferred to the uterus.
Laparoscopic ovarian drill:
When medication alone doesn’t work out, this surgery is performed and it’s quite effective. In this, a surgeon makes small holes in the ovary through laser or heat.
Metformin and clomiphene:
Metformin is used for people with PCOS as it helps the body to use the insulin it makes. Clomiphene induces ovulation by blocking the body’s response to estrogen.
Also Read: Ayurveda Remedy For PCOS Symptoms
Consequences of Pregnancy during PCOS
Infants born to mothers with PCOS are at a higher risk of spending time in the neonatal intensive care unit or dying before, during or after birth. PCOS causing conditions like metabolic syndrome and an increase in the level of androgens will increase the risks for the infant’s wellbeing and other complications after birth too. So it’s really important to fight with the symptoms of PCOS before any family planning to avoid any doubt or mishap. Always consult your doctor or gynecologist if you face any problem in conceiving.
Some medications and lifestyle changes will cause ease in planning and might come with miracles. Trust your doctor and stay hopeful always. Learn and act!!