Cover image for most common food allergies

The symptoms of a food allergy can be nasty. It can range from mild to severe. These can be triggered as soon as you consume the food allergens or may take time to show the symptoms. Some of the symptoms that people experience during a food allergy are-

  • Upset stomach
  • Cramps in the abdomen
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling of the tongue, lips, face, throat and other body parts
  • Difficulty in breathing, wheezing
  • Congestion in the nasal passages 
  • Funny taste in the mouth
  • Tingling sensation or itchiness in the mouth
  • Dizziness 
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting 
  • Hives or eczema

Now, let’s discuss the ’10 Most Common Food Which Can Cause Allergies’:

  1. Eggs 

    eggs with one broken egg in the middle
    Interestingly, people who are allergic to eggs are actually sensitive to the white part of the egg than the yolk part. If you want to check whether you are allergic to eggs, check for the following symptoms after you consume eggs-
    -Swelling of the lips or eyelids
    -Teary eyes with itching
    -Itchiness in the ears or throat
    -Wheezing
    -Coughing
    -Shortness of breath

    It can be difficult to check for egg allergies as eggs are added as ingredients in canned soups, ice cream or many meat-based dishes such as meatballs and meatloaf. To avoid triggering the symptoms, read the ingredient labels of the product to check for the presence of an egg as an ingredient. (Also Read: Is Egg Good For Piles? )

  2. Fish

    Fish with other vegetables on a table
    A person can be allergic to fish at any age. Please note that fish and seafood allergies are different. This is because shellfish and fish are biologically different. People can be allergic to only some particular types of fish. Allergic symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, etc can not not only occur after eating but also due to touching it or inhaling the vapors and smell while cooking. In severe cases of fish allergies, a person can also suffer from anaphylaxis. If someone is suffering from anaphylaxis, he/she may have trouble breathing, tightness in the throat, or even can pass out.

  3. Milk

    skim milk not healthy
    Being allergic to milk and being lactose intolerant are two different conditions. Milk allergy is an autoimmune disease while lactose intolerance is a problem associated with the digestive system. A person who is allergic to cow’s milk is actually allergic to the proteins, including caseins found in milk. The symptoms of milk allergy can occur instantly or after a few hours of eating foods that contain milk proteins. If you are or know somebody who is allergic to milk products, make sure to read the food labels carefully. Ensure that you absolutely avoid food items such as milk, milk powder, cheese, butter, margarine, yogurt, cream and ice cream. (Also Read: Is Milk Good for Piles? )

  4. Nuts

    Different types of nuts
    An allergic reaction that occurs while consuming nuts and seeds that come from trees is known as a nut allergy. People are commonly allergic to nuts such as almonds, cashews, pistachios, walnuts, pine nuts, Brazil nuts, etc. A person can also be allergic to food prepared in the oil extracted from these nuts. But this happens in rare cases. People suffering from nut allergies tend to suffer lifelong as they are unable to outgrow food allergies over time. 

  5. Shellfish

    Lobsters prawns oysters on a blue table
    In this type of allergy, the immune system reacts abnormally to the protein found in certain marine animals. People prone to shellfish allergies tend to be more sensitive to shrimp, lobster, squid, oysters, scallops, and crabs. The allergic reactions can affect the skin, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract or cardiovascular system. Thankfully, shellfish are easily identifiable in food items. People can be severely allergic to shellfish, so much so that they suffer from anaphylaxis.

  6. Soybean

    soya chunks fried rice on a table
    People who are allergic to soy and soy products complain that they have an itchy, tingly sensation inside the mouth, a runny nose, or rashes when they consume these. This is the most common food allergy that people suffer from. The risk of cross-contact is high hence, avoid consuming food prepared in the same oil in which soy products have been prepared. Avoid consuming soy milk,  soy yogurt or ice cream, edamame, miso, tempeh, and tofu if you suspect that you are allergic to soy. It is also recommended to ask for the ingredients in the food items that are served in restaurants.

  7. Wheat

    wheat with sunlight from behind
    Yes, you read that right. Bread, pasta or any other food that contains wheat that we eat on a daily basis can also trigger allergic symptoms in some people. The most common symptoms of wheat allergy include stomach cramps, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms. As the symptoms of being allergic to wheat are similar to those being sensitive to gluten, it is important to get yourself checked immediately. The main reason is that eating gluten foods regularly lead to celiac diseases that affect the small intestines.

  8. Peanuts

    peanuts and peanut butter on a table
    Peanuts are the most common reason behind the occurrence of fatal allergic reactions. Peanut allergies are diagnosed using a combination of medical history, skin-prick testing, blood tests and food challenges. The allergic reaction to peanuts is immediate. Avoid candies, cereals and baked goods such as cookies, cakes, and pies that contain peanuts and peanut products. Substitute these food allergens with toasted oats, raisins or seeds.

  9. Raw fruits and vegetables

    healthy diet for cough
    Several people tend to suffer from allergic symptoms when they eat some pollen, raw fruits, vegetables or some tree nuts in their raw form. This is known as Oral Allergy Syndrome (OSA). These people don’t have any problems when they eat the same items after cooking or processing them. This is because the proteins found in these items get distorted during the heating process. The best way possible to manage this type of allergy is to eat vegetables and food after cooking them. And if certain food items need to be eaten in raw form, it is best to avoid the food at all.

  10. Sesame seeds

    white and black sesame seeds in a teaspoon
    Some of the symptoms of sesame allergy include allergic rhinitis, oral allergy syndrome, or even anaphylaxis. Hence, it is best to avoid foods with sesame seeds, or cooked in sesame oil. Several doctors are still unaware of the primary reason why sesame causes a severe allergic reaction. It is not possible to completely avoid food with sesame seeds. In that case try to avoid specific cuisines such as Asian, Thai as these use sesame seeds as a common ingredient.

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