It is completely safe for a pregnant woman to continue being sexually active throughout her pregnancy unless the doctor has suggested otherwise. A female’s sex drive may increase at various stages of pregnancy, and sex can bring her some benefits too!
As the baby belly starts to grow bigger, the female may find some positions more comfortable for her. Discussing openly sex can help both partners enjoy sex throughout pregnancy.
Read ahead to find out the safety issues, risks, safe positions and when should you consult a doctor.
Is it safe to have sex while pregnant?
Sex does not harm the baby at any point during an uncomplicated, typical pregnancy. The baby is completely safe and protected by strong amniotic fluid, uterus muscles, and a mucus plug which develops around the cervix.
Some people have the misconception that orgasms or sexual activities can potentially damage the baby, induce early labor or increase the risk of miscarriage. However, these factors are not true in a healthy pregnancy.
Sex positions during pregnancy
Having sex during pregnancy has no potential risk to the growing baby. During the later stages of pregnancy, women should choose sex positions that do not put pressure on the baby belly. Safe sex positions in pregnancy include
- Sex from behind ( simply put, doggy style)
- Sex with the girl on top, popular as the Cowgirl position
- Side by Side
- While standing
- While sitting
- Anal Sex
- Oral Sex
If the female lies on her back during sex, the weight of the baby might exert extra pressure on the internal organs or some major arteries, which may be painful or discomforting.
A pregnant female is mostly more comfortable in positions in which she can control the speed and depth of the penetration.
Oral sex in Pregnancy
Oral sex is completely safe throughout pregnancy. However, the partners should avoid blowing air into the pregnant female’s vagina as it can cause an air embolism (a condition where an air bubble blocks a blood vessel). Although it is rare, this condition can be life-threatening both for the female and her baby.
Anal sex in Pregnancy
Anal sex also is not basically harmful to the baby or the mother. But, anal intercourse might be uncomfortable if the female has piles in her pregnancy.
Also, it is suggested to avoid vaginal sex after having anal sex, because it can cause the bacteria to spread from rectum to the vagina, resulting in infections.
When to Avoid Sex in Pregnancy?
A doctor may advise a pregnant female to avoid sex during pregnancy if she experiences the following:
- Problems with the cervix which can increase the risk of miscarriage or early labor.
- Pregnancy with twins, triplets or more babies.
- Placenta previa, a condition in which the placenta partially or entirely covers the entrance of the cervix
- Cervical incompetence, a condition where cervix opens prematurely
- History of premature labor
- Substantial blood loss or abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Leakage of amniotic fluid
- The water broke, which can increase the risk of infection
It is essential that a pregnant female protects herself and the baby from STIs (sexually transmitted infections). So, it is wise to use some method of barrier contraception, like male or female condoms or dental dams, during sexual activities in pregnancy.
When do you need to worry?
In a healthy pregnancy, sex or other sexual activities are not linked to any risks to the mother or her baby. If a pregnant female experiences any kind of unusual pain or bleeding (may it be related to sex or not), she should visit her doctor right away.
In most cases, sex during pregnancy is safe and has no risk to the mother or her baby. However, some positions might be more or less comfortable in the later weeks of the pregnancy.
A female may experience changes in her libido or desire for sex during and after her pregnancy. Discussing such things openly and honestly with the partner can help couples to continue to have a healthy sex life throughout pregnancy.