types of uterine fibroids

Fibroids are the non-cancerous muscular growths that develop in the muscular in the uterus. These fibroids in the uterus are also called myomas or leiomyomas.

It is a well-known fact that uterine fibroids can affect up to 50% of women once in their life.   

As a usual scenario, women during their reproductive years that endure the troubles of uterine fibroids. Excess levels of estrogen, obesity, and high protein diet are the major factor leading to the formation of these fibroids.

You might not be aware that uterine fibroids can be of different types. The fibroids are differentiated based on their location in the uterus. 

There are four types of uterine fibroids

Let’s further gain an insight into each type of uterine fibroids and how they affect the uterine health.

Subserosal uterine fibroids are benign tumors that project to the outside walls of the uterus. These fibroids may or may not be attached to the uterus. Since these fibroids grow outside the uterus, they have less impact on the working of the uterus. Rather, the symptoms of subserosal fibroids are usually associated with neighboring organs, like the bladder. Over time, these fibroids can grow larger in size, and subsequently, you may start to notice severe symptoms.

  • Submucosal uterine fibroids

Submucosal fibroids are the least common type of uterine fibroids. These fibroids start under the inner lining of the uterus and may even protrude into the uterine cavity. Since submucosal fibroids tend to occupy the space inside the uterine cavity, their symptoms are much more severe than other types of fibroids. Doesn’t matter if the size of the fibroid is small or large, if it is a submucosal fibroid, the symptoms will be serious. Also, large submucosal fibroids are very often linked to complications during pregnancy and fertility issues.

  • Intramural uterine fibroids

Intramural fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop between the muscles of the uterus. In many cases, a number of intramural fibroid growths are seen in the region of the uterus. Depending upon the area of the uterus in which the fibroid develops, intramural fibroids are further classified into three types:

  • Anterior Intramural Fibroids – Grow in the front of the uterus
  • Posterior Intramural Fibroids – Grow in the back of the uterus
  • Fundal Intramural Fibroids – Grow in the upper part of the uterus

The symptoms of intramural fibroids are usually mild. However, if left untreated, these fibroids tend to grow larger and the symptoms become severe.

Pedunculated uterine fibroids

The pedunculated uterine fibroids are the ones that grow on a stalk or stem-like structure in the uterus. This type of uterine fibroid can grow anywhere in the uterus. It entirely depends upon the growth of the stalk. Hence, pedunculated uterine fibroids may grow outside the uterus or inside the cavity of the uterus. 

Complications that these fibroids cause

Uterine fibroids do create complications, ranging from mild to severe depending on the size and number of fibroids present. 

Some of the common complications of uterine fibroids involve:

  •  Periods become irregular
  •  Heavy menstrual bleeding that too for a prolonged time
  • Spotting between periods 
  • Increased level of stress, anxiety, and mood swings
  • Frequent fluctuations in body weight
  • Painful sex
  • Intense back pain during the periods
  • Miscarriage

These complications of uterine fibroids may freak you out. But here, we want to remind you that uterine fibroids are absolutely treatable. There are various treatments available for uterine fibroids. You just have to be aware and reassured of your condition so that you receive the best-suited treatment.
uterine fibroids pain

Treatment Options for uterine fibroids

Your gynecologist will assess the size, location, and severity of the uterine fibroids and then suggest suitable treatment.

In mild cases of uterine fibroids, medications may suffice. There are a number of medicines available for uterine fibroids in Ayurveda, Homeopathy, and Allopathy. These medicines are usually quite successful in subsiding the symptoms of small and moderate fibroids.

However, in the case of large or clustered fibroids, your doctor may recommend hysteroscopy or hysterectomy. 

There is absolutely nothing to worry about these treatment procedures, as they are 100% safe. Also, with the evolution of techniques like laparoscopic hysterectomy, the surgical procedure has become quite simple too.

Once you undergo the proper medical treatment for uterine fibroids, you can lead a trouble-free and pain-free life.

Quick tips to deal with uteri ne fibroids

  • Ditch Caffeine

Excessive caffeine consumption can strain the liver, thereby impairing the metabolization of the excess estrogen. This can lead to the growth of fibroids and the worsening of the symptoms. Therefore, limit the amount of caffeine you consume and switch to other healthy options.

  • Avoid Junk

Junk, processed and canned foods contain excess salts, sugar and oils and can aggravate the symptoms of uterine fibroids. Canned foods, especially, are a big no in this condition. Canned foods contain a compound called BPA (Bisphenol A) that mimics estrogen in the body and can cause new fibroids to grow. So, avoid junk and canned foods and say yes to a healthy and nutritious diet.

  • Welcome high dietary fibers

Fiber-rich foods like apples, bananas, guavas, and mangoes help to eliminate toxins and excess estrogen from the body. In a similar manner, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of berries and some other fruits play a crucial role in alleviating the symptoms of uterine fibroids. Thus, for faster relief,  make sure that your diet is rich in fibers.

  • Eat Green

Green vegetables like spinach, lettuce, broccoli, and kale produce amazing results in the case of uterine fibroids. These vegetables aid the elimination of toxins and help to keep the estrogen levels in check. Therefore, try to incorporate more green and cruciferous vegetables in your routine diet. (Also read: Best foods for uterine fibroids)

green vegetable for uterine fibroids

  • Drink healthy

Drinking fresh hydrating juices and vegetable soups are an amazing way to nourish your uterus and ensure its healthy functioning. Also, you can switch your regular tea with green tea and you’ll notice some great results within no time.

  • Quit smoking and monitor your alcohol consumption

It is the most common advice you will hear everywhere. Smoking and drinking alcohol can aggravate the uterine fibroids and impair the blood circulation in the body.

  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle and stay active

Staying inactive does not only make uterine fibroids sever, but also affects your emotional health as well. So, tap into the fitness routine and let your body release the endorphins (the feel-good hormone). It will strengthen your body and improve the flow in the body. As a result, you will much better and happy about yourself.  (Also read: Best yoga exercises for a healthy uterus)

young woman jogging

Take Away

It is really important to get the timely treatment of uterine fibroids. Along with the treatment, you must follow a healthy diet and an active lifestyle. Doing so brings a huge wonderful improvement in the condition of uterine fibroids. Your doctor will also suggest some similar tips that you must religiously practice to lead a healthy life.

If you are looking for professional gynecological help, we will be obliged to help you at Pristyn Care. We have the best of experienced and courteous gynecologists. You can get in touch with us to resolve any gynecological issue that you are currently dealing with.

Also Read:



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *