Since beginning inguinal hernia has been troubling humanity till modern times (Inguinal hernia has been a major concern for humanity for ages now.). Inguinal hernia is a disease that impairs the patient’s ability to perform daily chores. The use of hernia belts is the most common practice to treat the highly disturbing condition. There are different types of belts, custom made for every inguinal hernia patient. Hernia belt is widely used to keep the hernia sac in place.
A 69 year old man was suffering from inguinal hernia since he was 9 years old. He was a laborer and was forced to work hard. As a result, inguino-scrotal hernia sac developed in him. Earlier, manual reduction and hernia belts were very popular because the surgical option was extremely dangerous. Today, with state-of-the-art technology and advanced medical facilities, the treatment has become approachable by hernia patients.
Also Read: Things To Do and Avoid During Hernia
Let us know some life-saving facts about inguinal hernia surgery.
15 Life-Saving Facts About Inguinal Hernia
Inguinal hernia is not life-threatening
Inguinal hernia is a condition where tissues or part of an organ abnormally pushes through the weak part of the wall. It may protrude into another inaccessible area such as inguinal hernia or umbilical hernia (in infants). It is not dangerous until the symptoms get severe. However, this medical condition may hinder your daily activities.
Inguinal hernia does not heal on its own
Inguinal hernia does not go on its own. They may remain stable or may grow in size with time depending upon the condition of each patient.
Symptoms of inguinal hernia
Let us know the symptoms of inguinal hernia:
- Visible bulge or protrusion at the groin
- Pain and burning sensation at the bulge
- Sensation possibly in the vicinity of testicles or inside the scrotum
- Weakness in the groin
- Pain while coughing, sneezing or lifting heavy objects
Inguinal hernia treatment depends on certain factors
There are two ways to treat inguinal hernia – traditional method and laparoscopic procedure. Laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive and is a common way to treat inguinal hernia over the open procedure. If the patient is not fit for laparoscopic surgery then the surgeon may switch to the other method. Usually, the surgeon reserve open approach for the patients who have an increased risk from general anesthesia. (Also Read: Difference Between Femoral and Inguinal Hernia )
Severe inguinal hernia needs medical intervention
If you notice the symptoms mentioned below, immediately consult a nearby general physician.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bulge evidently getting dark
- Sharp and intensifying pain
- Difficulty in bowel movement
- High fever
Surgery for inguinal hernia is not complicated
Laparoscopic hernia surgery is not at all complicated. It is a 40 minutes procedure and minimally invasive. The surgeon makes 3-4 small incisions near the defect and the abdomen is inflated with harmless gas for clear visibility of the internal structure. A laparoscope is inserted through one of the incisions that has a camera on top of it. It gives a view of the defect on the screen in the operation theatre. The bulging organ is pushed back and a 3D mesh is placed to strengthen the abdominal walls.
You may be able to push hernia back
During the initial stage of inguinal hernia, the protrusion may occur when you sneeze or cough or while bending or lifting heavyweight. It can go away either by pushing it back or by lying down straight. But if it does not go back or the pain continues, do not put exert pressure and consult a doctor.
Home remedies for inguinal hernia may bring some relief
You may not be able to cure the congenital effect but you can reduce the strain and pressure on the groin and abdominal muscles. Here are some home remedies for inguinal hernia :
- Maintain a healthy weight – practice yoga or exercise
- Eat fiber-rich diet – fresh fruits and vegetables
- Apply ice pack on the inflammation and swelling
- Wear hernia belt or trusses
- Drink enough water to avoid constipation
Umbilical and inguinal hernia may be common in infants
These are the two common hernia in babies. You may notice it in infants either when they cry or cough. They may face problems defecating and understanding their body language is important.
If you cannot push hernia back, it means it is trapped
If you try to push the hernia bulge back and it does not go back if the muscle or bulge gets trapped in the abdominal wall. This situation is known as incarceration. Before it sets the potentially fatal condition of strangulation, consult a doctor.
Strangulation may be life-threatening
If the bulge or protrusion becomes trapped and does not get blood supply or the right amount of oxygen, it may lead to things such as infection and gangrene which may infect and shift downwards. It can be a dangerous and graving situation.
Inguinal hernia in men and women
In men, the weak tissue is around the inguinal canal where the spermatic cord normally descends into the scrotum. In women, the inguinal canal has a ligament that keeps the uterus in its proper place. Inguinal hernia in women can occur when the tissue connecting the uterus gets attached to the tissues of the pubic bone. (Also Read: Know The Differences between Hernias in Men versus Hernias in Women )
There is no specific cause for inguinal hernia
The risk factors that may contribute to inguinal hernia may include:
- Aging that leads to weak muscles
- Male are more prone to inguinal hernia than females
- History of hernia in the family
- Chronic coughing that weakens your abdominal muscles
- Chronic constipation
- Pregnancy where the women get pressure on the abdominal muscles
- Abdominal pressure due to previous hernia surgery
- For infants, it can be due to premature birth or low birth weight
Complications of inguinal hernia
If inguinal hernia is left untreated, you may suffer complications that may be life-threatening. Complications may be:
- Incarcerated hernia: It is the condition where the bulge gets trapped and is unable to move freely or get back to its place.
- Abdominal pressure on the surrounding tissues or organs.
- Strangulation: This is the most severe and dangerous stage of hernia that requires medical emergency. In this condition, the blood supply to the defect is cut off due to the damaged tissues which can put you in danger.
Must see a general physician if you notice any symptoms
Consult a doctor by all means if you notice protrusion and see the above symptoms. The bulge can be on either side of the groin area. Inform the doctor about every symptom, medication, family history or any other concern you may think a doctor should know regarding the disease.
Whenever inguinal hernia hinders you from performing your daily activities and responsibilities, don’t take any chances. Consult nearby general physician to get yourself monitored and treated before strangulation becomes a looming possibility. You can also contact us or share your query below and our medical coordinator will get back to you immediately.