There are various reasons or conditions that can lead to pain and swelling in the lower leg. While some reasons can be underlying medical conditions, remaining may come from unhealthy eating and an inactive lifestyle. 

It is majorly the cardio-vascular system that gets affected and as a result, the blood vessels of the lower leg get more damaged to relatively high pressure.

There are various causes (from mild to serious) that can cause your lower legs to swell. Let’s know the major common causes:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney infections
  • Scarring of the liver 
  • Cardiomyopathy (improper functioning of the heart muscles)

These are some of the common causes due to which a person can experience dull to sharp stinging pain in legs. Proper diagnosis and medications are necessary to not just relieve the symptoms but also treat the root cause.

Let us further tell you the most prevailing vascular issues that damage the blood vessels and cause the lower legs to become bumpy.

Varicose veins

varicose veins in the lower leg

Varicose veins are a condition in which blood starts pooling up in the veins due to damaged vein valves. This leads to swelling in the veins and the veins become visibly enlarged. Varicose veins can occur in any part of the body, but most commonly they are seen in the legs. This happens due to excessive pressure on the lower body. Varicose veins are often quite painful and can disrupt your day-to-day life activities. 

Being overweight, sedentary lifestyle, continuous hours of sitting or standing, and pregnancy are some of the major risk factors for varicose veins. 

Timely treatment of varicose veins is necessary. Otherwise, it can worsen and lead to conditions like skin ulcers, deep vein thrombosis, and hyperpigmentation.

Fret not, as varicose veins are completely curable. Depending upon the severity of the condition, the treatment options can vary from home remedies to medications to surgery. For permanent relief from varicose veins, laser treatment is the best and safest option.

Spider Veins

spider veins in legs

As the name suggests, these veins give the appearance of a spider’s web.  Spider veins are the superficial veins that turn reddish to purple in color when damaged. These veins are slightly raised from the skin surface as they tend to get inflamed. Similarly like varicose veins, spider veins can also develop anywhere in the body but are mostly found in the legs.

Along with swelling and dull ache, spider veins can also burning sensation and itching in the affected area. The symptoms can get serious with time and bring up more complications related to blood circulation and clotting.

If you leave the condition of spider veins untreated for a prolonged time and let the symptoms grow sharper, the chances of superficial vein thrombosis increase. It is the condition where blood clots tend to in the spider veins that can even cause them to burst.

You need not panic if you are currently dealing with spider veins. It is very easy to treat them, if you seek medical help in time.

If you are wondering about the best way to get rid of spider veins, then the answer is quite simple- laser treatment. Yes, laser treatment can cure both varicose veins and spider veins.

Deep Vein thrombosis

deep vein thrombosis- swelling and pain in lower leg

Deep vein thrombosis is a potentially serious condition in which blood coagulates to form clots in the deeper veins in the legs. Most commonly, these blood clots are seen in the thigh or the legs.

Deep vein thrombosis causes a lot of pain and may also cause swelling in the legs. The pain usually starts as a cramp in the calves and then spreads to other parts of the leg as well. In addition to swelling and pain, you may also notice redness and warmth around the area where the blood clot is present.

Smoking, obesity, injuries, varicose veins, and certain surgeries can put you at a greater risk of deep vein thrombosis.

Leaving DVT untreated is certainly not a good choice as it can lead to serious complications like pulmonary embolism and can even have life-threatening implications.

Therefore, it is better to seek timely consultation if you have DVT. Certain blood-thinning medications can help in the short run. However, for a permanent solution, laser treatment is the most recommended treatment option.

How does laser treatment work? What are its benefits?

laser treatment for varicose veins and spider veins

All the above-mentioned conditions can be effectively treated with laser treatment. This modern treatment procedure does not at all use any kind of cuts or wounds. Only the laser beam works directly on the damaged veins without affecting the neighboring tissues or blood vessels. The entire laser treatment completes in just 30 minutes and is painless for the patient.

Being a minimally invasive procedure, it does not leave behind any scars. Hence, the treatment serves the aesthetic purpose too.

Also, since no cuts or stitches are carried out, laser treatment does not involve any risk of infections or complications after the procedure. The downtime for the procedure is very less and the recovery is quite smooth. With just a few precautions, you can go back to your routine tasks in just 4-5 days.

There are no major restrictions for the patient and they can live their life without the fear of any complication or recurrence. You will be glad to know that Pristyn Care offers laser treatment. Our surgeons who perform the procedure are highly experienced and qualified in their field of specialization.

Peripheral Artery Disease

It is yet another condition that causes the pain and swelling in the lower legs (not so common as the aforementioned ones). It is mentioned separately as the treatment procedure for PAD is different.

Peripheral Artery Disease is a vascular problem in which a layer of plaque, cholesterol, and calcium builds up inside the arteries. This, in turn, makes the arteries narrower and results in an impaired flow of blood through the arteries.

Therefore, due to narrowed arteries, many body parts, especially the extremities like the limbs, do not receive enough blood. When sufficient blood does not reach the tissues, it causes pain. In the legs, this can surface as cramping pain in the calf muscles.

The major risk factors for peripheral artery disease include obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and smoking.

Leaving peripheral artery disease untreated for a long time can result in serious complications like non-healing wounds, ischemia, and can increase the risk of strokes and heart attacks.

How to treat Peripheral Artery Disease?

However, peripheral artery disease can be effectively managed and treated through medical treatments. In mild cases, your doctor may prescribe medicines to keep your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar in check. 

In severe cases, however, you may require surgery. Atherectomy or Angioplasty is usually performed for this purpose.

 In Atherectomy, the surgeon uses a rotating blade or laser energy to remove the plaque layer from the arteries. This makes the artery wider and facilitates a proper supply of blood.

In Angioplasty, on the other hand, the surgeon inserts a small catheter or stent inside the artery to keep it open. This makes sure that enough blood, oxygen, and nutrients are transported to all the body parts.

The Last Note

Leading a healthy lifestyle that has a proper fitness routine plays a crucial role in keeping you away from such problems. Thus, exercising regularly and eating a naturally nutritious diet are a must. 

And yes, not to forget to visit a specialist doctor when you experience unusual swelling and pain in the legs. The sooner you get medical treatment, the easier it is to get rid of the problem.

To consult a Pristyn Care specialist, book your online appointment. We promise to provide you with the best and the most comfortable treatment experience ever.

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