The prostate is a gland which about the size of the walnut. It’s the part of the male reproductive system and it wraps around a tube which carries out of the bladder. It grows large as you grow older. If the prostate becomes too large, it can cause some health issues. If you are having prostate problems does not mean that you having cancer. Sometimes a doctor can find a problem during the checkup or by a rectal exam. If you think that your prostate is not working or is big in size, then you should consult your doctor immediately.
Common Prostate Problems and Symptoms
BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) means when your prostate is enlarged but it’s not cancerous. This is very common in older men. An enlarged prostate can make it difficult to urinate or can cause dribbling after you urinate. You might feel the need to urinate at night. You should see the doctor.
Treatment of BPH
Medications are a common treatment for mild to moderate symptoms of BPH. These include:
- 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors
- Combination drug therapy
There are various types of surgeries which are available to treat BPH:
- TURP: In this procedure, a lighted will be inserted into the urethra and the doctor removes the outer part of the prostate. TURP relieves the symptoms quickly and you will experience a strong urine flow.
- TUIP: A lighted scope will be inserted into the urethra and the doctor will make small cuts in the prostate gland which makes it easier for urine to pass via the urethra. The surgery might be an option if you are having a small enlarged prostate gland.
- TUMT: The doctor will insert a special electrode via your urethra into the prostate area. The microwave energy from the electrode is able to destroy the inner portion of the enlarged prostate, easing the urine flow. TUMT can only partially relieve the symptoms and it will take some time before you will notice some results.
- TUNA: In this surgery, a scope will be passed into the urethra, which will allow the doctor to place needles into the prostate gland. Radio waves are passed via the needles and destroying the excess prostate tissue which is blocking the urine flow.
- Laser Therapy: In this thing, a high-energy laser is able to destroy the overgrown prostate tissue. Laser therapy relieves the symptoms right away and has no or fewer side effects than non-laser surgery.
Acute bacterial prostatitis begins when there is a bacterial infection. This is can cause chills, fever or pain. It might hurt when you urinate, you will see blood in your urine. Consult the doctor right away. The doctor will prescribe the medicine which will make you feel better.
Treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is treated with the help of antibiotics. These should be taken for 6 weeks longer. The type of the antibiotic prescribed will depend on the bacteria which causes the infection. The doctor will prescribe medication which is designed to reduce the symptoms of acute prostatitis. Alpha-blockers can be used to relax the bladder muscle. In some of the cases, the doctor might recommend over the counter pain relievers. A person having acute prostatitis might require hospitalization. This is necessary when the swollen prostate blocks the urethra.
Chronic prostatitis also is known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome. This can cause pain in the lower back or at the head of the penis. Men having this problem have painful ejaculation. They feel the need to urinate but are able to pass only a small amount of urine. Treating this condition requires a combination of surgery, lifestyle changes and medicines.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis
The treatment of chronic prostatitis will depend on the cause. The doctor will recommend oral antibiotics. People suffering from chronic prostatitis may require a long-term course of antibiotics which lasts up to 6 months. Other treatment options include:
- Muscle relaxants to relieve the spasm of pelvic muscles
- Alpha-blockers to treat urinary problems
- Surgery which will help to remove the scar tissue present in the urethra, which will help with urination difficulties
- Therapy to help with anxiety
- NSAIDs to relieve the pain
- If you are having severe infections you should take antibiotics
According to doctors, men younger than 75 should undergo yearly PSA tests. Not all prostate cancers are life-threatening and the treatments can cause side effects. Sometimes high PSA levels can be caused by the infections, small cancers which may not grow. The doctor might prefer watchful waiting until there are signs that treatment is required.
Protect yourself against prostate problems
The following can be signs of a prostate problem:
- Blood in urine
- Burning urination
- Not able to urinate
- Painful ejaculation
- Stiffness in the lower back, pelvis or upper thighs
- Urge to urinate