Prostatitis is inflammation and swelling of the prostate gland, which is the size of a walnut, present below the bladder in men. The prostate gland generates fluid which nourishes and transports the sperm. Prostatitis often causes painful urination. Symptoms of prostatitis include pain in the groin, pelvic area and flu-like symptoms. Prostatitis can affect men of all the ages but it tends to be common in men aged 50 or younger. Sometimes the cause is not identified. If the prostatitis is caused by an infection, then it can be treated with the help of antibiotics.
Prostatitis can come suddenly, which depends on the cause. It can improve quickly or with the treatment. There are some types of prostatitis which last for months or they can keep recurring.
Prostatitis symptoms basically depend on the cause, which includes:
- Blood present in the urine
- Painful ejaculation
- Frequent urination
- Burning sensation while urination
- The discomfort of the penis
- Flu-like signs
- Cloudy urine
- Urge to urinate
If you are suffering from pelvic pain or painful urination, then you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. If left untreated, some prostatitis can cause infections which can get worse over time or various health problems.
Prostatitis can be caused by common strains of bacteria. The infection can begin when the bacteria in the urine leak into your urine. Antibiotics are helpful in treating the infection. If they are not able to eliminate the bacteria, prostatitis can recur or it can be difficult to treat it. If there is nerve damage in the lower urinary tract, this can be caused by surgery. In most of the cases, the cause of prostatitis is not identified.
Prostatitis- Risk factors
The risk factors of prostatitis include:
- Had prostatitis
- Being middle-aged or young
- Suffering from pelvic trauma, like injury from bicycling
- Using a tube which is inserted to the urethra to drain out the bladder
- Suffering from HIV
Diagnosis of prostatitis involves the ruling out conditions which are the cause of the symptoms and it will tell what kind of prostatitis you are having. The doctor will ask about your medical history and about your symptoms. The doctor will do a physical exam, which will include a rectal examination.
Diagnostic tests might include:
- Urine tests: The doctor might have a sample of the urine analyzed and look for the signs of infection present in your urine. The doctor will also send some sample of the urine to the lab to determine if you are suffering from an infection.
- Blood tests: The doctor will examine the samples of your blood to check for the signs of an infection and other prostate problems.
- Imaging tests: In most of the cases, the doctor might ask for a CT scan of the urinary tract and your prostate. CT scan will help to provide detailed information than x-rays do.
Based on these diagnostic tests, the doctor will conclude that you are having one of the given prostatitis
- Acute bacterial prostatitis: This is often caused by the strains of bacteria, this type of prostatitis begins suddenly and have symptoms like flu-like symptoms like fever and chills.
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis: When antibiotics are not able to eliminate the risk of bacteria which are the main reason for prostatitis, which can develop recurring infections.
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: This prostatitis doesn’t cause any symptoms and is found only by chance when you are undergoing tests for other conditions.
The treatment of prostatitis include the following:
- Antibiotics: This is the most common medication prescribed for prostatitis. The doctor will choose the medications which will be based on the type of bacteria which might be causing the infection. If you have serious symptoms, you might require intravenous antibiotics. You might need oral antibiotics for around 6 weeks but you might need longer treatment for recurring prostatitis.
- Alpha blockers: These medications will help to relax the bladder neck and muscle fibers where the prostate is able to join the bladder. This treatment might ease symptoms like painful urination.
Prostatitis- Home Remedies
These following things can ease out the symptoms of prostatitis:
- Soak in the warm bath or by using a heating pad
- Avoid alcohol and spicy foods which can irritate your bladder
- Drink caffeine-free beverages. This will make you urinate more and help you to flush out the bacteria from the bladder.