Cholesterol in the body
Cholesterol is needed in the body for the proper functioning of nerves and hormonal balance. It is important to keep a check on fat consumption for healthy cholesterol levels. An unhealthy diet, inactive lifestyle and smoking contribute majorly to high cholesterol levels in the body, which gives rise to many serious health issues.
Which are the High Cholesterol Foods?
It is important to be aware of the foods that are highly nutritious but contribute to high cholesterol when consumed in excess. Some of the most commonly eaten food items which are high in cholesterol are:
Eggs, fried chicken, crabs, shrimps, cheese, butter, mutton, bacon, sausages, and full-fat dairy products.
Health issues caused by High Cholesterol
Sudden chest pains and irregular heart rate are among the first appearing symptoms of high cholesterol levels in the body. These signs are usually accompanied by nausea and dizziness. Often the condition is mistaken for a gastric attack. It is important to reach out to a doctor to confirm the root cause.
Coronary Heart Disease
Heart-related disorders are the most commonly seen side effects of a high cholesterol diet. In coronary heart disease, the blood flow through the arteries gets affected. It happens due to the buildup of plaque in the interior wall of the arteries. The excess cholesterol in the body turns into plaque that deposits on the arterial walls. Clogging of arteries (atherosclerosis) results in reduced blood flow to different body parts. In some cases, the disintegration of plaque in an artery results in a blood clot. The blood clot can obstruct the blood flow so much that it can be threatening to life.
Symptoms associated with risky coronary heart disease are:
- Facing difficulty in breathing
- Frequent headache
- Acute chest pain
- Swelling of limbs
All these are the major symptoms relating to the critical heart condition of Atherosclerosis. It is advised to immediately get in touch with a specialist doctor in case you face the above-mentioned symptoms.
The brain does not receive enough blood because of the plaque build-up in the arteries. If the clot completely obstructs the blood flow to the brain, it results in a stroke. The person feels numbness in the limbs and a severe headache. Falling unconscious for some time is also observed in the cases of stroke. This condition can turn life-threatening if left unattended. It is certainly a dangerous side-effect of a high cholesterol diet. Consult a specialist doctor to prevent its recurrence.
Bad Cholesterol and Diabetes
In diabetes, a healthy balance between high-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol) and low-density lipoprotein (bad cholesterol) is disturbed in the body. People with diabetes have more chances of retaining bad cholesterol in the body. The cholesterol adheres to their arteries and damages their walls. It makes them more prone to serious heart diseases.
High Blood Pressure
When plaque and cholesterol deposits on the arterial walls, the heart exerts extra pressure to pump the blood through them. All these deposits along with the calcium particles harden the walls of arteries. This results in high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension is a serious health concern that needs immediate medical attention. Consult a doctor and take preventive measures before the condition worsens.
Gallstones form when the excess of bile in the gallbladder crystallizes. High cholesterol is the major reason behind the formation of gallstones (cholesterol gallstones). Usually, gallstones cause an unforeseen pain in the right abdomen along with nausea or vomiting. When such a symptom surfaces or recurs, reach out for medical help. In severe cases, cholesterol gallstones can cause inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis) or the bile duct (cholangitis). The only way to prevent this side-effect is to keep a check on your diet.
You should not leave the above-mentioned side effects untreated. It is wise to maintain a proactive approach to avoid these side-effects from arising. Let’s take a quick glance at the healthy habits to keep the risks of high cholesterol at bay. (Also Read: What is the Diet to Cure Gallbladder Stones? )
Smoking aggravates the bad cholesterol levels and lowers good cholesterol in the body. Therefore, cholesterol keeps building upon the arteries and obstructs the blood flow. Smoking also majorly affects the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, leading to other health risks like heart attacks.
These exercises are also known as cardio as they boost the heart’s pumping capacity. Brisk walking, jogging, cycling, running, squats, lunges, etc are the best cardiovascular exercises. Make these activities an integral part of your lifestyle and beat cholesterol problems.
Keep diabetes under check
Go for regular check-ups of diabetes and adapt to all the dietary and lifestyle changes that your doctor suggests. This will keep the LDL levels under control and prevent the aforementioned risks from occurring or getting worse.
Healthy body weight
It is important to maintain a healthy weight for a healthy cardiovascular system. High cholesterol diet can lead to obesity which further affects the level of good cholesterol. Obese people are at higher risks of heart diseases as bad cholesterol keeps depositing in the arteries.
Choose healthy dietary options over high cholesterol foods. Eat lots of dietary fibers, pulses, and nuts than binge upon unhealthy snacks. Have green leafy vegetables, whole grains, and fruits rich in water content such as berries, pear, peaches, apple, melon, and oranges. Healthy eating habits will bring about a great change in your body.
Stick to all these healthy practices to keep the cholesterol problems away from your life.
Also Read: Ghee healthy for the body- Myth or fact?