Cigarette smoking caused 7.1 Million deaths in 2016 alone. See, smoking takes its toll from nearly every organ in the body, including the heart, blood vessels, lungs, eyes, mouth, reproductive organs, bones, bladder, and digestive organs. The chemicals in tobacco smoke or cigarette smoke harm your blood cells. The long-term exposure can damage the function of your heart and the function of your blood vessels. This damage also increases your risk of atherosclerosis. By the end of the blog, you’ll find out how heart problems are linked to smoking.
Long-term smoking can build up plaque in the arteries. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This restricts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs as well as other parts of your body. If plaque continues to build up in the arteries, the likelihood of ischemic heart disease can increase. Over time, heart disease can lead to chest pain, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, or even death. Pathophysiology is the study of the changes of normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions, either caused by a disease or resulting from an abnormal syndrome.
Smoking harms the lungs, throat and other body function
Now, before getting into a complete understanding of the relation between smoking and heart attack, let me tell you what Pathophysiology is. So, it is the study of the changes in physical, normal mechanical and biochemical functions. They can be appearing from a disease or an abnormal syndrome. In this case, smoking and heart attack.
Quit smoking and save years of life
Smoking brings a lot of trouble, it is the reason you will find No Smoking signs in public areas. The saddening part is that the risk of heart disease from smoke or second-hand smoke is also on the higher-end. When combined problems from unhealthy blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and overweight, smoking raises the risk of heart disease even higher. Smoking also is a major risk factor for PAD (peripheral artery disease). Even most smokers how smoking hurts the lungs with various carcinogens in cigarettes.
I am sure you will like to know that cancer caused by smoking cigarettes remains one of the most preventable causes of heart disease. See, when you smoke, it leads to tightening of arteries that make your heart work harder. It can also lead to irregular heart rhythm and raise blood pressure, which can be the cause of stroke.
Know what smoking causes to your body
- Thickening and narrowing of blood vessels
- Raises triglycerides which a type of fat in your blood
- Reduced the good cholesterol ( Also Read: Side Effects of High Cholesterol Diet )
- Cause blood to for clot and block blood flow to the heart and brain
- Lead to swollen and inflamed cells, thereby causing a lot of damage
Cigarette smoke causes major problems, know the risk
See, cigarette smoke is subdivided into 2 phases; tar, and gas. The tar is the material that is trapped when the smoke is passed through the glass-fiber filter that retains almost all particulate material. The gas material passes through the filter. The tar of cigarette smoke contains free radicals and so does the gas. But the free radicals of tar are much more dangerous. Cigarette smoke that goes into an active smoker’s mouth is known as mainstream smoke and smoke that is emitted from the burning ends of a cigarette is sidestream smoke.
If you smoke, you are going to increase the likely hood of:
- A heart attack; twice from someone who does not smoke
- Coronary heart disease; increased if you are a woman and you use contraceptive pills
- Stroke: three times than someone who does not smoke
- A peripheral arterial disease which leads to gangrene; increased over five times
Don’t be around when someone is smoking
There are more concerning problems from exposure to second-hand smoke or passive smoking. It may cause serious health hazards for smokers and non-smokers. So, inhaling the smoke that comes out of cigarettes leads to an increased risk of disease. Non-smokers living with smokers have a 30% higher risk of someone who doesn’t stick around the burning cigarettes. Exposure to second-hand smoke is especially hazardous for kids and babies. and increases the risk of sudden unexplained death in infants (SUDI), bronchitis, pneumonia, and asthma.
Learn the important changes once you quit smoking for good health
After a day:
- Your heart rate reduces and a slight drop in blood pressure
- Carbon monoxide is out of your blood
- Oxygen levels in your blood rise
2 to 3 months
- Your sense of smell and taste improves
- The lungs regain the ability to clean themselves
- The blood flow improves so the hands and feet won’t get so cold
After a year
- Your risk of heart attack will greatly reduce
- You would have saved a lot of money
Also, 2 to 6 years of quitting smoking, the risk of developing coronary heart disease returns to a similar level as that of a non-smoker. So you understand that our body continues to heel itself back. But, quitting smoking is absolutely critical to see the true nature of improvement.
Electronic cigarettes have been catching popularity as some believe they are safer than traditional cigarettes. Unfortunately, electronic cigarettes actually no less harmful, so do not consider them when your heart is the risk. Research showed that even with the use of either e-cigs, similar levels of stiffness in the aorta, the main artery in the heart, is seen. Moreover the rise in blood pressure.
Benefits of Avoiding Smoking and Secondhand Smoke
The best way to reduce the risk is to avoid tobacco smoke and not ever starting to smoke. If you already smoke, quit. Quit it. No matter how much or how long you’ve smoked, quitting will reduce the risk of heart disease and benefit you. Quitting smoking will reduce the risk of developing and dying from heart disease and will lower your risk of atherosclerosis and blood clots.
Some people smoke and have heart disease, quitting smoking will reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death for them Also, the risk of second heart attack or death from a chronic disease lowers when anyone stops to smoke. A variety of strategies, programs, and medicines are available to help you quit smoking. Not smoking considered a heart-healthy lifestyle.
Also Read: How Does Obesity Affect Your Heart Health?