Endometriosis is the condition of abnormal growth of endometrial tissues, which are similar to those lining the inner side of the uterus. The only difference is that these grow on the outside of the uterus. Endometrial tissues shed off every month during the period cycle.
The primary symptoms of the condition include pelvic pain ( especially before the menstrual cycle), pain and abdominal cramps during intercourse, pain during pelvic exams, infertility, etc. The patient may also feel pain while urinating or passing stool. The pain can vary from mild to severe. Consult your gynecologist to work on pain management, if it gets worse.
Also Read: The 4 stages of endometriosis
Treatment for endometriosis generally includes medication or surgery. The treatment option suggested by the doctor generally depends on the severity of signs and symptoms and condition of the patient. Doctors mostly suggest trying conservative treatment options first and then choosing to go for surgery if the initial treatments fail to treat the condition.
1. Pain medication
The doctor may recommend the patient to take over the counter medicines to help ease the pain and menstrual cramps. Hormone therapy combined with pain relievers may also be recommended for patients who are not trying to get pregnant.
2. Hormone therapy
Additional hormones in the form of hormone therapy are often helpful in reducing the pain or cramps caused due to endometriosis. Although, the hormone therapy fails to be a permanent fix for the problem. Most patients experience a return of the symptoms soon after putting an end to the treatment.
3. Conservative surgery
For women suffering from endometriosis and are also trying to get pregnant, conservative surgery to remove the endometriosis implants and preserving the uterus and ovaries can readily increase the chances of success in getting pregnant. Surgery can also give relief from the pain caused due to endometriosis.
The procedure can be done by laparoscopic surgery or through traditional abdominal surgery. The laparoscopic surgery is much more convenient as there are no major cuts or incisions made. Even the recovery time is much lesser in case of laparoscopic surgery. Most cases of endometriosis can be treated with laparoscopic surgery.
During the laparoscopic surgery, the doctor makes a small incision near the navel. Through the incision, is inserted the laparoscope and other instruments to remove the endometrial tissues. After the surgery, the doctor may suggest taking hormone medication as it can help to reduce the pain.
4. Fertility treatment
Endometriosis can be a barrier in the way of getting pregnant. If the female is facing difficulty getting pregnant, the doctor may suggest for the fertility treatment. Such fertility treatments are supervised by a fertility specialist.
5. Hysterectomy (With Removal of the Ovaries)
The treatments of Hysterectomy (surgery to remove the uterus) and Oophorectomy (surgery to remove ovaries) were earlier considered an effective treatment method to cure endometriosis. But medical experts are moving away from the complex procedure and now focus on thorough removal of all endometriosis tissues right away.
Consult the best gynecologist at Pristyn Care and get the most suitable treatment option for you. The patient should be comfortable with the doctor as, for some cases, it may be crucial in managing and treating endometriosis.