common digestive disorders

The modern era is fast and a strange paradox. It has opened a new vista of celestial blessings and comforts on earth having conquered Time, Distance, Space, and FOOD as well. New dishes are practiced and experimented now and then to satisfy taste buds and it has spared no one from becoming a victim of the food revolution. 

Food is always a mood changer. It might make you feel happy and contented or leave you with many irritable digestive problems which might, ultimately, alter your mood drastically. 

Yes! You see that right. We all face digestion related problems more often these days. Mouth drooling dishes might be such a disaster sometimes, we never get a hint about this while gorging on the same. Moreover, this lifestyle where everyone has to multitask, proper digestion is a far-fetched dream for many people. Here, we will be discussing some common digestive conditions from top to bottom and how to look after them. 

What causes digestive problems?

These are some of the prominent causes of digestive problems that are faced by almost everyone these days. The types of digestive problems and their explanations are discussed below.

Types of common digestive conditions from top to bottom

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) 

When acid produced in the stomach backwash to your esophagus, it causes a burning sensation to the chest due to acid reflux that happens frequently. This problem occurs when the stomach acid frequently flows back into the esophagus connecting your mouth and stomach. Frequent heartburn, burning feeling in chest and throat is experienced if you have GERD disease. Teeth might also damage from stomach acid. Sore throat and throat pain might be experienced due to frequent acid reflux to throat and mouth.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

This is characterized by inflammation in all or some parts of the digestive tract. This is a condition of chronic inflammation that occurs when the immune system is attacking a harmless virus, bacteria or food in the gut causing inflammation that causes bowel injury. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending upon the part of the intestine involved with the burning and inflammation. Two major types of IBD are as follows:

  1. Ulcerative colitis: It is limited to the colon or large intestine. It increases the risk of colon cancer. Severe cases of this may also lead to other problems like arthritis, skin conditions, eye inflammation, bone loss or kidney disorders.
  2. Crohn’s disease: It involves any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. 

IBD is generally diagnosed by several blood tests and stool tests and is prevented by dietary changes.

  • Diverticulitis 

It is more common after 40 years of age and is generally explained as inflammation or infection in one or more small pouches of digestive tracts. This results in nausea, abdominal pain, fever and change in bowel habits.

  • Gastroparesis

It is a rare condition that prevents proper stomach emptying by affecting the stomach muscles. This can last for years or lifelong. Treatment might help but most of the time this condition is incurable.

  • Stomach cramps

This is majorly caused by indigestion. It is characterized by burning or pain in the stomach, indigestion that is also called dyspepsia in medical terms. GERD may cause stomach cramps, followed by ulcers or gallbladder diseases.

  • Lactose Intolerance

When the small intestine doesn’t produce enough enzymes to digest milk sugar, lactose intolerance develops. This results in diarrhea, nausea, abdominal cramps, bloating, and gas.

  • Gallstones

They are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder which is located in the liver. These stones might be cholesterol stones or pigment stones. The reasons for developing gallstones might be genetic history, weight, diet, or issues with the gallbladder. This might cause nausea, heartburn, indigestion, and pain in the upper belly for long durations.

  • Anal fissures/ Hemorrhoids

Due to constipation which is generally caused by indigestion problems, bad eating habits or hereditary, anal bleeding and stomach pains are commonly experienced. This causes severe pain while passing the stool and also leads to cramps and uneasiness if left unattended. Constipation might cause fissures and hemorrhoids in the anal area in the long run which is linked to digestive problems.

  • Proctitis

Proctitis can be explained as inflammation of the lining of the rectum. The rectum is a tube that is connected to the end of your rectum and helps passing stool off the body. It can cause rectal pain, diarrhea, bleeding, and continuous feeling that you need to pass stool. It is common in people who have IBD. Proctitis can be a side effect of some cancer radiation therapy or STD, antibiotics, infections.

  • Diarrhea, stomach pain

Due to bad dietary habits and various indigestion problems, you pass loose stools or more frequently pass stools than what is normal for you. Viruses, bacteria, parasite or overeating might be the reasons for diarrhea. If not controlled on time, this can lead to dehydration.

  • Gas and bloating 

When the digestive system can’t break down or absorb certain foods, such as lactose or some proteins, it might lead to a sensation of not being able to pass gas and feel full which might ultimately result in severe pain and constipation.

  • Rectal prolapse

Rectal prolapse is characterized by weakened muscles and ligaments, causing the rectum to prolapse which means it falls out of its place. Severe cases of rectal prolapse can only be treated with surgery.

  • Celiac disease

It happens when you cannot digest a particular type of protein – Gluten which is present in wheat, barley, and other grains. It is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered when you eat gluten. This might lead to malnutrition, loss of bone, miscarriage, infertility or even neurological problems. It might cause heartburn, abdominal pain, anemia, gas, joint pain, constipation, diarrhea, mouth ulcers, headache, and fatigue.

  • Cholangitis

This is caused when a duct blocks in our bile duct system which might be a result of gallstones or sludge impacting the bile ducts. Reasons for cholangitis might be a tumor, blood clots, narrowing of a duct due to some surgery, parasite infection, and swollen pancreas.

Common digestive conditions

These were some of the commonly observed digestion problems from top to bottom. These problems can be diagnosed by:

  • Stool exam
  • Complete blood count
  • Colonoscopy
  • Upper endoscopy
  • Capsule endoscopy
  • CT Scan, MRI, Ultrasound
  • Sigmoidoscopy in which the last one-third of your large intestine is examined with a small camera.

Take Away

To curb and prevent such digestive conditions that might severely affect your health, you must take proper medication, prescribed foods and should adopt some new lifestyle habits as suggested by the doctor. Digestive upsets are triggered by many things that vary from person to person. Try to note these and identify what disturbs your digestion. Keep a journal of what medicines you take, food, drinks, supplements, and daily habits. Have a balanced diet and healthy hygiene and stay hydrated because WHEN THE STOMACH IS NOT HAPPY, HOW CAN WE BE HAPPY?

Consult a doctor at Pristyn Care for the best treatment for all your digestive problems. Connect with specialists to be well aware of digestive problems, causes, and treatment.

Also Read: Gas and bloating troubling you? Try home remedy for gas