Digestive disorders have become common with the onset of the sedentary lifestyle. More and more people are engaging in poor eating and lifestyle habits that interfere with the digestive system. Many digestive disorders have the same symptoms and it might become difficult to identify the main cause.
In this article, we discuss some common digestive disorders along with their symptoms and treatments options. So, if you experience any of the listed issues you may know that medical action is needed.
- Gallstones:Also known as gallbladder stones. These are hard deposits, mainly made of cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder, a small organ that secretes digestive juices to aid digestion. Usually, the formation of gallstones is linked to high consumption of fatty, fried food that leads to an increase in cholesterol.Gallstones can result in a strong pain in the upper right abdomen area. This majorly happens when these stones block the ducts from the gallbladder to intestines. It can be treated with medication if the size of the stone is small to medium. However, if it becomes complex surgery is the ultimate remedy.
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):It is acid reflux action that happens in the stomach when acid backs up into the esophagus. It results in heartburn. This situation may often arise after having meals or at night. It is a chronic digestive disease that affects a lot of people every year. Acid reflux may be casual sometimes but if one experiences frequent heartburn, decaying of teeth, bad breath, nausea or trouble breathing, it is sensible to consult a doctor.Some people may avoid these symptoms by keeping away from foods and beverages that trigger their condition of acid reflux. Some antacids and other medications can also reduce acid production in the stomach. If the condition is complex, medical treatment is required.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):It is a common digestive disorder in which you may experience frequent stomach pain. This results as the digestive tract become irritable. The signs and symptom of IBS include constipation, diarrhea, hard stool formation and bloating. Moreover, stress can trigger the symptoms.Incorporating high fiber food, low-fat meals and avoiding foods that trigger your condition (such as dairy products, alcoholic drinks, caffeine or artificial sweeteners). However, yogurt can soothe your stomach as it contains friendly bacteria called probiotics.
- Celiac Disease:In some people, the digestive system may become sensitive to gluten, which is a protein compound. Gluten is commonly found in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten tends to damage villi (finger-like projections that help in the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine).The signs and symptoms may include bloating in stomach, pain in the abdominal region, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting and frequent changes in weight, which is common in children. Anemia, fatigue, depression, bone loss, and seizures are common symptoms in adults. To treat a celiac disorder of the digestive system, a gluten-free diet is recommended. Brown rice, lentils, quinoa, soy & corn flour are good replacements.
Crohn’s Disease:It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This disease that may attack any part of the digestive tract, however, it mainly attacks the terminal ileum that connects the end of the small intestine to the beginning of the colon.
Genetic heredity can be a major cause. The signs and symptoms of Crohn’s disease involve diarrhea, abdominal pain, bleeding from the rectum, loss of weight and fever. Pain relievers, immunosuppressants, and surgery are common treatment methods.
Ulcerative Colitis:It is also a part of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It mainly affects the large intestine or the colon.
Sometimes the immune system mistakes food we eat for invaders. This results in the development of sores or ulcers in the colon. The signs and symptoms may include frequent bowel movements, diarrhea, bloody stool, or abdominal pain or cramps.
It can be treated by eliminating foods that trigger the condition. If the situation becomes complex, surgical treatment is performed.
Hemorrhoids:It is a condition in which the blood vessels present at the end of the digestive tract gets inflamed. This can be painful and result in bloody stool and itching. This can be caused as a result of constipation, diarrhea, hard bowel movement, lack of fiber.
It can be efficiently treated by incorporating fiber-rich food, having more water, including physical activity. In case of severe symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.
Anal Fissures:Wear & tear in the lining of the anal is called anal fissures. It is mainly caused by straining in a bowel movement or even diarrhea. The symptoms may be like hemorrhoids that include bloody stools, painful bowel movement.
It can be treated by having a fiber-rich diet (it makes stool bulky and soft), drinking more water and sitz baths. Medical treatments such as medicines to relax sphincter muscles and some topical anesthetics. Surgery is recommended in severe situations.
Diverticulitis:These are small pouches that can form in the digestive system due to the weakened layer. It is common in the colon. The pouches can become inflamed and show symptoms such as abdominal pain and fever. Obesity and low fiber diet can be the culprits.
Less severe conditions of diverticulitis can be treated with antibiotics and a liquid diet to avoid pressure on the colon. A fiber-rich diet can help the condition heal.