Infertility in males has become a viable issue today, affecting one out of six couples. According to medical analysts, in about thirty-five percent of the cases, fertility problems are with the male partner alone, not the female one. (Also Read: What Are the Types of Male Infertility? )
A healthy diet, positive changes in lifestyle and medical supplements can help in improving male motility, the most influential factors being diet and food along with lifestyle.
An influencing factor in a couple’s ability to conceive is the health of the sperm. Some major criteria for determining sperm health are a follows:
- Sperm motility
- The shape of the sperm
- Acrosome reaction
- Zona pellucida binding
- The volume of sperm produced
- Nuclear decondensation
Ways to produce a healthy sperm
Some simple steps can be taken to increase the chances of healthy sperm. These are simple lifestyle changes that have had positive effects earlier.
- Watch your Weight
Weight issues and obesity can be linked with infertility. If you are overweight and infertile, losing weight can help you deal with infertility.
- A healthy lifestyle
An unhealthy lifestyle disrupts your overall health, which can cause many issues including infertility.
- Controlled alcohol intake
Heavy alcohol intake reduces testosterone levels and reduces semen quality, thereby leading to possible infertility.
- Get sufficient folate
Some researches prove that a low intake of folate can impair the quality of sperm.
- Sufficient hours of sleep
An adequate amount of sleep is required for maintaining your overall health. Poor sleep can lead to fatigue, which impairs semen quality.
Consuming foods rich in antioxidants, like walnuts lower the chances of infertility.
Supplements rich in antioxidants can also work to your benefit and decrease the risk of infertility.
- Avoid Soy
Soy has a lot of isoflavones, which cause poor semen quality.
- Fruits and veggies
Having a side of vegetables and fruit salads once a day improves sperm health, as both are rich in antioxidants.
- Steer clear of STIs
Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia can lead to infertility in men. To reduce this risk, one should limit the number of sexual partners and always engage in protected coitus. It is best to have a mutually consented monogamous relationship.
- Physical exercise
Light physical workout now and then increases sperm health. (Also Read: Low sperm Count – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment)
Things to be cautious of
Environmental factors and excessive heat or chemical exposure can be harmful to sperm health. Here are some things you should avoid for maintaining sperm quality.
Recent studies reveal that men who smoke are prone to have problems with infertility. If you already smoke, ask your physician to help you to discontinue smoking.
- Excessive alcohol
Excess alcohol consumption reduces the level of testosterone and also decreases sperm production.
- Avoid Lubricants during coitus
Prefer using baby oil, pre-seed, canola oil or egg whites for lubrication, rather than artificial ones.
- Be careful about toxins
Exposure to toxins like pesticides and lead can adversely affect sperm production and quality. Steroids can have the same effect.
- Know about medication
Some categories of medication can have a direct effect on fertility. So consult your doctor before beginning any medication.
- Keep yourself cool
An increase in body temperature increases the scrotal temperature. This hinders sperm production.
Radiation and chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer can disturb sperm production and might lead to permanent infertility. If you have to undergo any such treatment, consult your doctor about retrieving and storing your sperm for the future.
Male fertility is influenced by many factors. Pregnancy can occur if the sperm is otherwise healthy with low motility. With the use of technology such as in vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination, the chances of pregnancy can be increased. If you have been unsuccessful in conceiving from ten to twelve months, you should consult your doctor. You and your partner can be tested and any fertility issues, if there can be diagnosed timely.