The gallbladder is a pear-shaped sac-like organ that is responsible for the collection of bile. It is located on the right side of the upper abdomen, below the liver.
The main function of the gallbladder is to help the body in digesting fats, with the help of bile released from the liver.
Bilirubin is a pigment in the liver. When this is present in excess or when people have cholesterol, they are prone to problems associated with the gallbladder like bile duct stones, gallstones and inflammation because of these.
In case any of the above situations pose a risk or become unmanageable, gallbladder surgery will have to be performed where the gallbladder will be removed. Gallbladder surgery is a commonly performed surgery, and the procedure is very simple. People can still live a very healthy life even without the gallbladder.
Cholecystectomy is the medical term for gallbladder surgery. This procedure is less invasive than most. Four small incisions are made on your abdomen, and through this, the surgeon inserts a tube which contains a light and a camera. Then, using special tools, the gallbladder is removed. Because of this laparoscopic procedure, the recovery time is reduced, and the infection is also controlled.
Although gallbladder surgery is a relatively safe procedure, it does have some complications. A few of them are listed below.
A few people are prone to an internal infection post the surgery. Sometimes, there might also be a wound. The symptoms of an infection may be swelling, redness and increasing pain. Pus oozing out from the wound can also happen. Consult your doctor about these. To control the infection, you might need to take antibiotics.
Sometimes, post the operation, people might experience bleeding. Although this is a rare phenomenon, there is a possibility of it happening. In case it does happen, you will probably need another operation to control the bleeding.
This is also a very rare occurrence, seen in one per cent of the cases. The tube that connects the bile duct and the liver will be sealed after the operation. However, sometimes, the bile fluid can leak out into your abdomen. This might cause severe pain and also fever, leading to a swollen abdomen. This fluid can be cleared out, and your abdomen can be washed with an operation.
In some occasions, your bile duct can be damaged because of the surgery. If this happens during the surgery, it can easily be fixed. However, during some other occasions, you might need another operation to repair this.
With gallbladder surgery, the other organs surrounding it can also be injured. These organs that are at risk of being injured are blood vessels, the intestines and bowels. However, these kinds of injuries do not happen often and can be fixed at the time of the surgery itself. In case they are diagnosed after the surgery, another operation will be needed to repair them.
With the surgery, you can develop blood clots in your leg vein, a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. This is very dangerous since it can prevent the flow of blood to your lungs. To prevent this, patients are given special compression stockings to wear after the operation.
Although these complications might scare you out, you need to remind yourself that these are rare occurrences. A good recovery plan will help you through any of it.
Also Read: How to Get Rid of Gallstones Naturally