how to get rid of diabetic foot ulcers

A foot ulcer is one common complication that many diabetes patients are prone to. In simple words, it looks like a red crater in the skin of the foot. Such foot ulcers develop when either the veins or the nerves around the foot get damaged to due diabetes. 

What adds up to the worries of a person suffering from foot ulcers is that they may not even fathom the seriousness of the ulcer, due to poor sensation in the foot.

We understand how problematic the entire condition can be for you. But, for now, take a deep relaxing breath because here are the effective ways to get rid of foot ulcers. So, go on reading and help yourself.

Things to do when you have a foot ulcer

Keep a check of blood sugar level

It is the most crucial factor to keep in mind while dealing with foot ulcers. A sudden increase in the body’s glucose levels can trigger the damage and make the ulcers more sore and severe.

 

Make sure to keep the ulcer dry

When you keep the foot ulcer dry and under proper dressing, it becomes easier to get rid of it faster. Whereas, if the wound comes in frequent contact with water, it heightens the risk of infection and inflammation.

 

Regular yoga

Yoga is an ideal way to deal with the problem of diabetic foot ulcers. It strengthens the nerves and the veins of the foot, thereby preventing the worsening of the foot ulcer. Just make sure that you do not put extra strain over your foot while performing any yoga asana. 

Things to avoid to get rid of foot ulcers

  • Avoid consuming excess carbohydrates- Excess carbohydrates in any form, may it be regular sugar or whole grains, can have adverse effects on your foot ulcer. Excess amounts of carbohydrates can increase your blood sugar levels and the wound can worsen.
  • Do not eat junk, greasy, and oily foods- Junk and greasy foods are not good for health in general. But in the condition of diabetic foot ulcers, junk and oily foods can trigger potentially serious effects. The high calorie and fat content of such foods can increase your body weight and deteriorate the condition of your diabetes.
  • Processed, canned and foods with artificial sweeteners are a big no-  Processed and canned foods are usually high on the sugar and salt content. The artificial sweeteners and preservatives present in these foods can make you gain weight, increase your blood pressure, and worsen the condition of your foot ulcer.
  • Avoid excessive or undue pressure on the foot- If you have a diabetic foot ulcer, try to pressurize the foot as minimum as possible. Undue pressure on the foot can lead to wearing and tearing of the tissues around the wound, which, in turn, can lead to an even deeper ulcer or wound.

Now that we have told you the important do’s and don’ts for foot ulcers, let’s bring forth the ways to get rid of foot ulcers 

Effective Home remedies for foot ulcers 

  • Honey is a sweet and easy remedy
    honey for diabetic foot ulcer

Honey is probably the most effective home remedy you can try for improving diabetic foot ulcers. Honey has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. When used for wound dressing in the condition of diabetic foot ulcers, honey improves the healing process quite significantly.

  • Flaxseed oil

Flaxseeds are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fats are healthy fats that help build and repair blood vessels. Omega-3 fats also keep arteries flexible and healthy. A healthy vascular system is essential for the proper healing of wounds. Therefore, flaxseeds can help you get faster relief from diabetic foot ulcers.

  • Vitamin E is vital
    vitamin E for diabetic foot ulcer

Whether or not you are suffering from diabetic foot ulcer, vitamin E is essential for the body. Vitamin E hastens the healing process of foot ulcers. It improves the blood flow and hence enhances the body’s ability to prevent further infection in the foot ulcer. 

  • Foods rich in Zinc

Zinc is one mineral that is very beneficial for diabetes and diabetic foot ulcers. Zinc aids the production and secretion of insulin and keeps your blood sugar level in check. Zinc also plays a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity of dermal tissue, thereby promoting better healing. So, try to include more zinc-rich foods like eggs, nuts and legumes in your diet for a better and healthier recovery.  

  • Aloe Vera is very soothing
    aloe vera for diabetic foot ulcer

The anti-inflammatory properties of aloe vera have numerous health benefits. Applying aloe vera gel on the diabetic foot ulcer can give you fast soothing effects. You can also have a glass of aloe vera juice every day to boost your immunity and promote the healing of the foot ulcer.

  • Coffee can help

Coffee is like a sudden boost to your blood circulation throughout the body. Thus, the blood circulation to your legs improves and enables your body’s immune response against the foot ulcer. 

The best medical treatment to get rid of foot ulcer

  • Debridement

Debridement is an effective treatment for the treatment of a diabetic foot ulcer in the initial stage. Debridement is an intervention procedure that speeds up the healing process in diabetes patients. In debridement, the doctor uses a scalpel to remove the dead and infected tissues from in and around the ulcer. The doctor then covers the wound with a sterile bandage that needs to be replaced regularly. 

Along with debridement, your doctor may also prescribe some antibiotic creams or ointments to prevent the wound from getting infected. This is called infection control.

However, diabetic foot injuries that go unnoticed usually become much more severe over time. In such cases, the doctor may recommend surgical procedures called atherectomy and balloon angioplasty.

  • Atherectomy and Balloon Angioplasty

Atherectomy is a vascular surgery that is performed to make the blood vessels wider. In Atherectomy, the doctor makes use of a rotating blade or laser energy to remove the layer of plaque, calcium, and fat from the blood vessels. This makes the blood vessels wider. Wider blood vessels ensure proper supply of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the wound so that faster healing can be achieved.

diabetes treatment

After performing an atherectomy, your doctor may also insert a small stent in the artery in order to keep it open. This ensures improved blood circulation and this procedure is called balloon angioplasty.

A note to take away

Hopefully, by now, you must have come to terms with all the things and treatments that can help you in curing the foot ulcer. So, just to emphasize once again, if you are dealing with the troubles of diabetic foot ulcer, immediately reach out to a specialist doctor. You can consult one of the best doctors at Pristyn Care and receive the treatment that can set you free and healthy.

FAQ

What is the best treatment for diabetic foot ulcers?

The suitability of a treatment option for diabetic foot ulcer depends upon the severity of the condition. 

For initial stages of diabetic foot ulcers, home remedies, coupled with some medicines may suffice. 

In mild cases, debridement, that is, the removal of dead and infected tissue from in and around the ulcer may help speed up the healing process. 

However, in severe cases of diabetic foot ulcers, vascular surgeries are required. The surgeries of Atherectomy and Balloon angioplasty are performed for the purpose. 

Atherectomy aims at making the arteries wider, so as to improve the flow of blood through the artery. For this, the surgeon uses a rotating blade or laser energy to remove the layer of plaque from the arteries. 

Atherectomy is often followed by balloon angioplasty. In this procedure, the surgeon inserts a stent in the artery to hold it open. 

Both the above surgeries ensure that enough blood, oxygen and nutrients reach the foot, so as to achieve optimal healing of the foot ulcer. 

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