How is anal fistula test performed

Anal fistula is the fistula in the anal region which is diagnosed on the basis of symptoms. There are different ways the anal fistula test performed can help figure out the right treatment. 

Test to confirm anal fistula

Physical Test

The doctor physically examines the anal region and surrounding symptoms of anal fistula. There is itching, inflammation, redness and oozing pus from the anal region. Rectal examination may be uncomfortable because of the sphincter spasm and pain. 

If the opening of the fistula is red, it is important to understand the tract of the fistula. The doctor inserts the gloved finger into the anus and rectum to know if further testing is needed. There are home remedies to treat fistula while there are complex fistula that needs surgery. To know about the surgery cost and success rate of anal fistula, you can write to us or contact us and we will get back to you. 

Advanced anal fistula test

  • Anoscopy: It is visualizing the opening of the anal region and even the internal opening of the anus. An instrument called an anoscope is used to view the anal canal for fistula diagnosis. 
  • Proctoscopy: The doctor gives general anesthesia to the patient using a proctoscope. It is inserted into the rectum to visualize the condition. 
  • Sigmoidoscopy: This procedure is used to find the underlying cause or rule out other disorders such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • Fistulography: It involves X-ray imaging following the injection of a contrast dye, and can help to identify the fistula.
  • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging is useful in visualizing the details of the anal fistula, especially when it is recurring or severe fistula cases.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: CT scan can help to assess the extent of inflammation in the rectal area with detail, which is useful for patients with Crohn’s disease.

When a patient is diagnosed with anal fistula, the doctor may want to confirm the disease and conduct other tests. There is research that says about 25% of the people with Crohn’s disease develop an anal fistula. 

Also read: Difference between Piles and Fistula

What are the causes of Anal fistula? 

Anal fistula develops due to the development of an anal abscess. It is usually the result of an infection. Anal fistula can be caused due to: 

  • Crohn’s disease: inflammation in the intestine
  • Diverticulitis: inflammation of tiny pores along the sides of the colon. 

There are certain conditions that increase the risk of developing anal fistula: 

  • Diabetes
  • Dermatosis
  • Consuming spicy food
  • Smoking
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Tuberculosis
  • HIV AIDS
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Alcohol consumption

Preventive measures for Anal Fistula

Here are certain measures that you can take to prevent anal fistula: 

  • Drink enough water and liquid
  • Eating a fiber-rich diet
  • Keep anal region dry
  • Avoid straining during bowel movement
  • Regular exercise

Also read: Why is Corporate World At a Higher Risk of Anal Disease

Take Away

Consult a doctor when you notice symptoms of anal fistula such as itching, soreness, or bleeding in the anal region. There are anorectal disorders that need immediate medical intervention. If they are left untreated, they may cause further complications. Therefore, visit the nearest clinic for anal fistula diagnosis and get the best treatment. You can also consult our expert online for any queries related to anal fistula or other anorectal problems. 

Also read: Laser Treatment for Anal Fistula 

Also read: 10 Precautions to be taken After Fistula Surgery

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