Surgeries for weight loss are recommended by doctors when lifestyle changes or medications are no longer helping you to lose weight. This is considered as the only treatment option available to cure diseases such as sleep apnea, or type 2 diabetes which are related to severe obesity.
What is weight loss surgery?
A weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is simply the surgical procedure of losing weight by making changes in the digestive system. Some bariatric surgeries are performed to make your stomach smaller while other bariatric surgeries are performed to make changes in your small intestine so that your body absorbs fewer calories.
Why weight-loss surgery is needed?
Weight loss surgery is performed to minimize the risk of life-threatening health concerns that can arise due to excessive obesity, such as-
- Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)- In GERD, acidic stomach juices, or food and fluids back up from the stomach into the food pipe, also known as the esophagus.
- Heart disease- Cardiovascular or heart disease refers to problems related to the heart that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels. This can lead to chest pain, heart attack, or stroke.
- Type 2 diabetes- In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly. The body is unable to use glucose efficiently.
- Sleep apnea- This is a serious sleep disorder in which breathing starts and stops repeatedly.
What are the various types of weight loss surgery?
Most often, the doctor can recommend you any of the following weight-loss surgeries-
- Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band- In this type of surgery, a ring is placed by the doctor along with an inner inflatable band around your stomach which creates a small pouch. What happens after this is that you feel full after eating a small amount of food. The size of the opening from the pouch to the rest of the stomach can be adjusted by the surgeon. But if you feel comfortable after the surgery or desired results are not achieved, the doctors can even remove it.
- Gastric sleeve- In a gastric sleeve surgery, the doctor removes most part of the stomach, only leaving behind a banana-section. Just like gastric band surgery, you feel full after eating a small quantity of food. This procedure is irreversible as a part of the stomach is permanently removed.
- Gastric bypass- This surgery can be divided into two parts. In the first part, a small pouch is created in the upper section of your stomach by stapling it. This makes the stomach smaller and you feel full after eating small quantities. In the next part, the lower part of your small intestine is directly attached to the lower section of the stomach. This makes the food bypass most of the stomach and small intestine which makes the body absorb fewer calories. Similar to the gastric sleeve, this surgery cannot be reversed.
- Duodenal Switch- Out of all the other weight loss surgeries, this is considered as the most successful because this allows the maximum loss of weight. It is a complicated procedure as compared to the other procedures.
How you can recover from bariatric surgery?
For three to six weeks after surgery, strenuous activity is prohibited. Some of the activities you should avoid are-
- Lifting heavy weights or doing push or pull motions such as vacuuming, during the first six weeks after surgery.
- Heavy tasks such as lifting, carrying or pushing heavy loads for the first three months after surgery.
- Sitting and standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. Frequently, change positions while sitting, and walk around in lieu of standing still. These strategies may help prevent blood clots from forming in legs. Climbing stairs is encouraged.
- Go out for frequent short walks. Increase the distance gradually. the. The more physically active you are, the faster you recover. It will not only enhance recovery but also ultimately give you more strength.
Doctors advise for walking and even changing positions in bed as these activities help promote blood circulation. Good blood flow ensures that there are no blood clots and enhances faster healing. Standing up, walking and doing the postoperative exercises may help minimize complications.
Depending on the type of surgery and changes in lifestyle habits, you may able to lose half or even more within two years. Gastric weight loss surgery also improves the ability to perform routine daily activities which could ultimately improve your overall quality of life. If you want to know more about weight loss surgeries and its effects, consult with the expert doctors of Pristyn Care. We use the most-advanced laparoscopic procedures to provide these weight loss surgeries at our clinics.