patient having symptoms of IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is an uncomfortable disorder marked by substantial changes in bowel movements. Some patients suffer from frequent or constant diarrhea,  constipation, cramps or abdominal pain. IBS is different for most patients. The symptoms and complications associated with IBS vary from patient to patient. 

The patients are often suggested to keep a track of how their body reacts to various foods and what foods trigger the symptoms of IBS. This can help the patient learn to prevent the symptoms occurring due to food preferences. People with IBS have sensitive guts that may react with some fruits and vegetables. Most commonly, foods such as poorly absorbed sugars, fats, wheat-based cereals, dairy products, spices, caffeine, and various high fiber foods.

Also Read: IBS vs. IBD- Know The Difference

What to eat while suffering from IBS?

Female craving for food

It may seem like there are a lot of food restrictions for patients with IBS. The truth is, yes, there can be certain food restrictions if one is suffering from IBS.  For a better quality of life, the patient should avoid the foods that trigger the symptoms. Even after following precautions, it is still possible for the patient to eat a rich and varied diet with restrictions on foods that may upset the gut.

Basic guidelines for patients with IBS: 

  • Reduce the intake of onions, pulses, peas, lentils, and beans. 
  • Reduce the intake of apples and fruits containing stones. You can eat citrus fruits. 
  • Reduce the intake of milk to no more than 500 ml each day. You can also use lactose-free milk or supplements rich in calcium-enriched plant milk for nutrition. (Also Read: Nutrition Health – To Get Rid of Piles & Constipation!! )
  • Avoid eating high-fat dairy food items
  • Reduce the intake of fatty meat
  • Avoid hot and spicy foods
  • Avoid caffeinated drinks and supplements 

Foods to Ease Various IBS Symptoms 

  • Bloating, Cramps and Farting

Farting and bloating in IBS

  • Eat oats or porridge regularly.
  • Eat about 1 tablespoon of linseed each day.
  • Avoid food items such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, beans, onions, and dried fruit as they are hard to digest.
  • Avoid eating foods containing the sweetener named “sorbitol”. 

Also Read: Stomach Problems Can Be Devastating

  • Diarrhea

Diarrhea in IBS

  • Reduce the intake of high-fiber foods such as brown bread, brown rice, nuts, and seeds.
  • Avoid eating foods containing the sweetener named “sorbitol”. 
  • Constipation

Constipation in IBS

  • Drink plenty of water and other healthy fluids for easy bowel movements. (Also Read: Which Food Habits Ease Evacuation? )
  • Increase the intake of oats, pulses, carrots, peeled potatoes and linseeds and other food items rich in soluble fiber.

Foods to avoid with IBS 

  • Greasy Food  ( such as Pizza, Sausage, French fries, fried chicken or fish)
  • Dairy Products ( such as Milk, Cheese, Ice cream)
  • Wheat 
  • High-FODMAP Fruits ( such as Apples, Apricots, Blackberries, Cherries, Mango, Pears, Pomegranates or Watermelon)
  • High-FODMAP Vegetables  ( such as Artichokes, Asparagus, Avocado, Beets, Cauliflower, Garlic, Mushrooms, Onions, Peas, Beans, and Chickpeas)
  • Spicy Foods 
  • Artificial Sweeteners ( such as Sugar-free gum, Sugar substitute packets for coffee Sugar-free ice cream) 
  • Soda 
  • Alcohol 
  • Coffee and Other Drinks with Caffeine 


The best treatment for IBS

IBS can be treated with medications and making diet and lifestyle changes, as per your condition. Changing the diet is the first thing that a patient with IBS should try. A healthy lifestyle with a low-fat diet, regular exercise and avoiding alcohol and smoking often helps to relieve the symptoms of IBS such as diarrhea, constipation, bloating, farting, etc.  a great difference. 

The doctor may prescribe medication to the patient to keep the symptoms at bay. Such medications and therapies include anticholinergic medicines, which work by calming the spasms, and antidepressants which are helpful to reduce stress. 

Changing the diet and lifestyle will show remarkable changes in your body. Make sure to keep up with that diet. Get in touch with a doctor for further assistance regarding IBS. 


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