There is no doubt that advanced surgical treatments have changed the humankind. These advanced treatments help us to live longer and healthier. Laparoscopic hernia repair is a minimally invasive surgical technique used for types of hernia. In this procedure, the surgeon makes three to four small incisions to insert the surgical tools. Through one of the incisions, a thin tube-like instrument called laparoscope with a camera on the top is inserted and other surgical instruments through other incisions. In some cases, a mesh may be used to hold the bulging tissues.
Hernia is a condition where part of an organ pushes through the opening of the organ wall made up of muscle tissue. The most common site of hernia is the abdomen. If the blood supply in the hernia infected area is cut off, it becomes a medical emergency. The reason for the cause of hernia may be weak muscles or straining too hard at an activity. A person who is born with weak abdominal weakness muscle is more likely to acquire the condition, especially if you lead a sedentary lifestyle without any physical exercise.
Is laparoscopic hernia surgery better?
There are basically two procedures to treat hernia: open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. Open surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a large cut or incision and gently push back the hernia or remove it. Then he closes the incision through sutures or staples. For larger hernias, your surgeon may use a mesh for support which helps hernia from coming back.
In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon inflates the abdomen with harmless to get a clear view of the organs during the surgery. The surgeon performs the surgery using images on the screen. At last, a mesh is placed on the inner side of the gap to support the weak area of the abdominal wall and incisions are closed using adhesive glue, sutures or staples. The patient recovers faster with laparoscopic surgery as compared to the open approach.
The doctor and staff explain everything before the surgery such as do not eat or drink before the surgery. Inform the doctor if you are on medication. The doctor may ask you to stop certain medicines before the surgery because certain medicines may result in post-surgery complications such as blood clot. Patient is explained how the procedure is performed and what will be the post-surgery precautions.
Laparoscopic surgery is performed by highly skilled and extensively trained hernia specialists. There are advantages of minimal incision laparoscopic surgery are:
- Low risk of infection as the incisions are very small
- The incisions made are very small
- Laparoscopic surgery uses a miniature camera where the surgeon gets a closer and clear view of the internal organs. They are able to work with great efficiency and incredible skill.
- Short hospital time and recovery time
- Postoperative pain is very less
- Leaves no scar after surgery: Patients who opt for laparoscopic surgery avoid long surgical scar which is cosmetically unappealing. Smaller incisions heal faster and are less painful. They are less prone to incisional hernias for a future run.
- If the patient has a hernia on the other side, it can be treated using the same incisions. While in open surgery, another incision is required to treat the hernia of the opposite side.
- Laparoscopic surgery may have economic benefits. A single night in the hospital can cost several thousand. The hospital stays in laparoscopic surgery can be real cost saving. Short recovery and small incisions mean fewer pain medicines, less dressing bandages and less topical medicines.
After the laparoscopic surgery, patients can return to their normal routine much more quickly (sometimes in two days). Faster recovery indicates getting back quickly to things you enjoy in life such as work, career, exercise and socialize. Recovery from the traditional open surgery takes a little longer due to pain and soreness around the wound.
There is a benefit that usually people do not see that it causes far less inflammation than traditional open surgery. Open surgery causes larger inflammatory reactions as compared to laparoscopic which make people more prone to bacterial and viral infections.
Another rarely known benefit of laparoscopic hernia repair is that the incisions cause fewer adhesions than open surgery. Adhesions are the result of inflammation, surgical process or both. Adhesions are the bands of the scar tissues that form between abdominal tissues and organs. They may cause infertility in women and block the normal activity of the intestine when they are large.
Follow the diet chart, exercises and instructions given to you by the surgeon. Laparoscopic surgery is different for everyone. Each of us will have a different experience based on our expectations, the extent of surgery, the length of surgery, the surgeon, the facility, the nursing staff, how we respond to pain, and a variety of other factors. Above all, every person heals differently. Something is true for one person may not be true for others. This information is compiled to give an idea about how laparoscopic hernia surgery is better.
Also Read: Precautions after inguinal hernia surgery