Pilonidal sinus is a common problem where a small tunnel or hole occurs in the cleavage between the buttocks. The pilonidal sinus can get filled with fluid or pus. This leads to the formation of a cyst at the bottom of your tailbone. The cyst looks like a small pimple which usually contains hair, dirt, and debris. Pilonidal sinus can be asymptomatic but in some cases, it can be very painful and can even become infected. Although too painful and unbearable, pilonidal sinus is curable. There are a variety of home remedies, allopathic, ayurvedic and homeopathic medicines that can help in providing relief from pilonidal cysts.
Pilonidal sinus mostly occurs due to reasons like hormonal imbalance, excessive coarse hair growth, the friction that pushes the hair into the skin pits. Bacterial infections are also responsible for pilonidal sinus. Anaerobic bacteria lead to recurrent infections which contribute to the development of a sinus.
There are certain factors also make a person more prone to pilonidal sinus.
You should be aware of the risk factors of pilonidal sinus.
- Sitting for long periods of time
- Previous injuries or infections to the area
- Hairy and deep natal cleft
- A family history of the condition
People who identify with these risk factors have fairly high chances of developing the symptoms of pilonidal sinus.
The most common symptoms of pilonidal sinus include:
- Pain, redness and swelling at the bottom of the tailbone
- Pus or blood discharge
- Tenderness to touch
- Pain and discomfort while wearing clothes
- Itching near the cyst area
The symptoms may vary depending upon the size and severeness of the cyst. In serious cases, the cyst may cause a lot of pain and troubles. It is necessary to attend these symptoms as soon as they arise.
Whether the condition is diagnosed at an early stage or at a later stage, it can be treated. If you are facing the troubles of pilonidal sinus, do not worry, here is all you need to know about the treatments.
Insight into the treatments available for pilonidal sinus:
Natural Treatments For Pilonidal Sinus:
There are a number of home remedies that help in improving pilonidal sinus. Tea tree oil and Sage oil help in soothing the infection of pilonidal sinus and prevent it from spreading. Applying castor oil on the cyst hastens the healing of pilonidal cyst. Similarly, Vitamin A, in natural form, proves to be very effective in curing the inflammation of the cyst.
Ayurvedic and Homeopathic Treatments For Pilonidal Sinus:
Effective treatments for pilonidal sinus are available in both Homoeopathy and Ayurveda. Since these are of natural origin, they have no side effects. In Homoeopathy, medicines like Myristica, Silicea, Merc Sol, Hepar Sulph, Calcarea Sulph, etc. are prescribed for the treatment. On the other hand, in Ayurveda, a technique called the Kshar Sutra is used for the treatment of pilonidal sinus. The complete treatment through Kshar Sutra takes about 6-8 weeks and needs 3-4 dressing sessions for complete healing.
Conservative Treatment for pilonidal cyst
If the doctor diagnoses you to be in the early stage of pilonidal sinus condition, your symptoms must be mild only. In such cases of pilonidal sinus, broad-spectrum antibiotics can help. Medicines like acetaminophen and ibuprofen bring major relief to the pain. Antibiotics work against the bacteria and provide relief from infection and discomforts of pilonidal sinus. However, these won’t absolutely heal the sinus tract. For more effective results, you can also use topical antibiotic creams and ointments to get the fast relief from pilonidal sinus.
The above-mentioned treatments are very effective and provide relief in most cases. But, one cannot ignore that pilonidal sinus has a tendency of reappearing. Hence, in some cases the infection can recur even after any of the aforementioned treatments.
It is a fact that in about 40 percent of the cases of pilonidal sinus, the condition is recurrent. So, it is possible that the pilonidal sinus will develop again and you may have to go through all the troubles again. Well, in such cases, your doctor may suggest you undergo the surgical treatment. It is understandable that most of us fear the mere thought of undergoing surgery. But, you will be relieved to know that modern laser-based treatment for pilonidal sinus is not all complex.
Laser-based treatment- The permanent solution for pilonidal sinus
Laser-based surgery is the most advanced and modern technique for the treatment of pilonidal sinus. The procedure makes use of pulses of laser energy to clean out the infected area. Laser energy closes the pilonidal cyst. In this procedure, the removal of the pit ensures that the infection won’t occur again in the area.
Laser surgery is nothing to worry about as it is a minimally invasive procedure. No cuts, incisions, or stitches, and no wounds are left behind. Laser surgery is more convenient than conventional surgery as in laser surgery, there is no intraoperative bleeding. And, the recovery period is short and smooth for laser treatment.
Laser surgery is a daycare procedure which means that you can go home on the same day. The doctor will advise you to take bed rest for 2 days. You will experience complete recovery within a week only. Also, since laser surgery leaves no wounds or scars, the risk of infections is almost zero.
So if you are looking to get rid of the troubles of pilonidal sinus once and for all, laser surgery is the best choice.