10 Most Common Causes for Sore throat

If we look at general scenarios, anyone can get sore throats. The condition is quite common and does not impose severe complications. The sore throat gets better within a week in normal conditions and are caused by minor illnesses such as colds, flu and can be treated at home.

Find few home remedies listed for sore throat. If you have the complicated condition, or unsure of what to do, make an appointment with the best ENT specialist for a consultation.

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  • Ibuprofen or Paracetamol: Paracetamol is good for kids and those who can’t take ibuprofen
  • Drink a lot of cool or warm fluids, and avoid very hot drinks such as coffee
  • Eat cool, soft foods such as pudding
  • Avoid smoking and second-hand smoke
  • Gargle with a homemade mouthwash of warm, salty water

There are products such as medicated lozenges and sprays that may be available at pharmacies. Several people find these products worth using, also, antibiotics aren’t usually prescribed for a sore throat, even if it’s caused by a bacterial infection.

Causes of a sore throat

The cause isn’t always obvious but the symptom of a viral or bacterial infection may indicate to the exact cause.

  • Colds or flu – a patient may have a blocked or runny nose, a cough, fever, a headache, and general aches
  • Laryngitis (inflammation of the voice box) – a patient may have a hoarse voice, a dry cough, and a constant feeling to clear the throat
  • Tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils) – a patient may have red or spotty tonsils, discomfort when swallowing
  • Strep throat (a bacterial throat infection) – a patient may have swollen glands in your neck, discomfort when swallowing and tonsillitis
  • Glandular fever – a patient may feel very tired, have a fever and swollen glands in the neck
  • Rhinovirus, coronavirus and parainfluenza viruses
  • Streptococcal bacteria – group A streptococcal bacteria in adults and children, also groups C and G may also cause sore throats
  • Adenovirus – the same may cause conjunctivitis as well, an infection in the eye
  • Quinsy (a painful collection of pus at the back of the throat) – the pain may be severe and the patient may have difficulty opening the mouth or difficulty swallowing
  • Epiglottitis (inflammation of the flap of tissue) – a patient may have difficulty breathing and difficulty swallowing along with severe pain

Also Read: Something Stuck in my Throat Remedy

Other non-infectious causes

Among other causes, sore throats can have non-infectious causes as well. They may include:

  • Irritation from cigarette smoke or alcohol
  • Irritation from a nasogastric tube
  • Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Hay fever (a reaction to pollen or spores which is allergic in nature)
  • Leukemia (cancer of the bone marrow) or aplastic anemia


Usually, a bacteria or a virus causes a sore throat, also, it is one of communicable illness. It may be caught from someone else who is infected in the first place.

For example, the common cold is spread through tiny droplets of fluid that contain the cold virus, ejects into the air when someone coughs, sneezes or speaks. If you inhale the same droplets or touch a surface which has a virus on it, you may get infected. Once you have the infection, it may result in a sore throat. These are:

  • Pharyngitis – when the area at the back of the throat becomes inflamed
  • Tonsillitis – when then tonsils become inflamed

Home remedies for a sore throat

Sore throats can easily be cured at home. If you have the condition, you can begin with hydrating the body. Drink a lot of water and rest, give your immune system a chance to fight the infection.

home remedies

  • Rinse with a mixture of lukewarm water and a teaspoon of salt
  • Consume warm liquids that feel soothing such as hot tea with honey, soup broth, or warm water with lemon
  • Keep your throat cool by eating a cold treat such as a popsicle or ice cream
  • Suck a lozenge or a piece of hard candy
  • Turn on a cool-mist humidifier
  • Rest your voice to make your throat feel better

Also Read: 10 Natural Remedies for Sore Throat


Viral and bacterial infections may cause the majority of sore throats along with irritants & injuries. Mostly it gets better in a few days without treatment. A patient needs to take rest, warm liquids, saltwater gargles, and over-the-counter pain relievers to soothe the pain. Strep throat and other infections are treated with antibiotics. An ENT Specialist may use a swab test to find out if you have strep.

Consult with the best ENT doctor for the remedy of severe symptoms and conditions such as trouble breathing or swallowing, a high fever, or a stiff neck. There are certain medicines that help in sore throat. No matter how healthy & fit you are, how much you take care of yourself; you can get a sore throat at some point in time. However, see a doctor if the sore throat lasts over a few days or is extremely painful.

You can also consult the best ENT specialists or make an appointment with the best and most advanced ENT clinic. The modern and daycare treatments offer high-success rate, heals faster and involve fewer complications. An ENT specialist may be able to tell you the best ways to cure sore throat faster.

Before Goodbye

Sore throat is a condition which can happen to anyone. In normal conditions, it can heal on its own, but due to any underlying symptoms or conditions, it can get severe. Before that happens, you can take modern and most advanced treatment to cure the condition.

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