Scrotal swelling means enlargement of the scrotal sac. It is the scrotal sac that contains testicles. Scrotal swelling occurs due to injury or because of the underlying medical condition. It’s caused by a buildup of fluid or abnormal growth within the scrotum. The swelling can be painful. Along with the swelling of the scrotal sac, there can be a lump around the testes. The formation of lump depends upon the root cause of the condition.
Scrotal swelling can occur in men of any age group. The condition of scrotal swelling mostly remains restricted to the scrotum and hardly involves penis. the swelling spreads upto the penis only in the rare and severe cases.
You must seek immediate medical treatment if the swelling of the scrotum is painful. In such a case where the pain is intense and you do not ask for medical help, it can result in the death of the tissues of the testicles. So, you should not avoid delay medical treatment for swelling in the scrotum.
Scrotal Swelling- Causes
Scrotal swelling can happen slowly over time. One of the causes of painful scrotal swelling is testicular torsion. testicular torsion is an injury that causes the testicle in the scrotal sac to cut off the blood circulation. This painful injury could cause tissue death to the scrotum in a few hours only.
Diseases and medical conditions can cause swelling in the scrotum are:
- Cancer of testes (Testicular cancer)
- Abnormally enlarged veins present in the scrotum
- Inflammation of the testicles
- Hernia (inguinal hernia)
- Inflammation of the skin of the scrotum
- Swelling because of increased fluid which is known as hydrocele
- Heart failure
- Infection of the scrotal skin
- Inflammation of the epididymis (epididymis is a part of the testes)
There will be a visible enlargement of the scrotal sac when you suffer any of these causes of scrotal swelling. The symptoms which you will get depends on the cause of the swelling. It is the actual cause that is the deciding factor whether or not face pain along with the swelling of the scrotum. You may feel no pain the reason for swelling is hydrocele. Whereas the pain can be intense if there is an infection, inflammation or inguinal hernia that is causing scrotal swelling.
How to identify the cause of scrotal swelling?
Mention to doctor all the symptoms you are experiencing along with the scrotal swelling. Let them know if scrotum is painful or it has a lump. Based on the severity of your symptoms of scrotal swelling the doctor will perform a physical examination of the scrotum. The examination will help in determining the actual cause of the swelling of the scrotum.
The doctor will also ask you questions about when did the swelling appear on the scrotum. The doctor will also ask what were you doing before the swelling. If it’s necessary, the doctor may perform an ultrasound to view inside the scrotum. The imaging test of the scrotum will let them see if there are any abnormalities present in the scrotal sac.
Scrotal Swelling- Treatment
The treatment of scrotal swelling totally depends upon the underlying medical condition. In case of an infection that caused scrotal swelling, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to fight the infection. The patient has to complete the course of antibiotics to get rid of the infection of the scrotum. So, if you leave the course incomplete or do not go for follow-ups, there are chances that scrotal swelling might reappear.
When the oral antibiotics don’t prove effective, the doctor suggest going for intramuscular antibiotics for scrotal swelling. It is only in the severe cases of scrotal swelling that the patient is hospitalized. The treatment for an underlying medical condition that is linked to your symptoms is important for the recovery. So, you should undergo a surgery if the cause of scrotal swelling is hydrocele, varicocele or inguinal hernia. The doctor may also prescribe some medications to manage the pain and ensure a speedy recovery. And your specialist will also suggest you to avoid tight clothing and wear only loose comfortable clothes.
Another serious cause of the scrotal sac that requires immediate surgery is testicular cancer (if the case is severe). The other treatment options for testicular cancer to ultimately heal the scrotal swelling are:
- Radiation therapy
These are the treatment options for scrotal swelling that will bring you permanent relief. Well, to your surprise there are some easy home remedies for scrotal swelling. So, you can take the help of home remedies as well to bring symptomatic relief in scrotal swelling.
Also Read: Best Treatment for Hydrocele
Home Remedies for Scrotal Swelling
In addition with the care from your doctor, they might tell you about the home treatment options which include:
- Consuming over-the-counter pain reliever (ibuprofen, naproxen)
- Athletic support to avoid discomfort due to swelling
- Staying away from rigorous physical activities
- Applying an ice pack on the scrotum for immediate relieving effects on the swelling
- Taking a shallow bath to subside the swelling
The Bottom Line
You should get in touch with a specialist doctor as soon as you start noticing discomfort and swelling in the scrotum. This will ensure timely treatment for and you won’t have to face any unwanted complications. Your doctor may even tell you that there is nothing to worry and the swelling may disappear easily. But, yes medical consultation is necessary.