Scrotal swelling means enlargement of the scrotal sac. Scrotal swelling occurs due to injury or because of the underlying medical condition. It’s caused by a buildup of fluid or abnormal growth within the scrotum. The swelling can be painful. If the swelling is painful you should seek emergency treatment. In such severe cases and depending on the cause and if you are not able to receive timely treatment which can result in the loss of testicles due to the death of tissue.
Scrotal Swelling- Causes
Scrotal swelling can happen slowly over time. One of the causes of painful scrotal swelling is testicular torsion. This is an injury which causes the testicle in the scrotal sac to cut off the blood circulation. This painful injury could cause tissue death to the scrotum in a matter of hours.
Diseases and medical conditions can cause the scrotum to swell, this can include:
- Testicular cancer
- Abnormally enlarged veins present in the scrotum
- Swelling because of increased fluid which is known as hydrocele
- Heart failure
- Infection of the scrotal skin
There will be a visible enlargement of the scrotal sac, you can have additional symptoms. The symptoms which you will get depends on the cause of the swelling. The common symptoms would be scrotal swelling which includes a lump in the testicle area and the pain in testicles.
Identifying the cause
Mention to doctor all the symptoms you are experiencing along with the scrotal swelling. Let them know if scrotum is painful or it has a lump. After getting all this information, the doctor will perform a physical examination. The examination will include a physical checkup of the scrotum. The doctor will also you about when you noticed the swelling and what were you doing before the swelling. If it’s necessary, the doctor can perform an ultrasound to view inside the scrotum. The imaging test will let them see if there are any abnormalities present in the scrotal sac.
Scrotal Swelling- Treatment
The treatment of scrotal swelling will totally depend on the cause. If the infection is caused by the swelling, the doctor can prescribe antibiotics to reduce the infection. If the oral antibiotics don’t work, you might have to get intramuscular antibiotics or you can be hospitalized. The treatment for an underlying medical condition which is linked to your symptoms is important for the recovery. The doctor can prescribe some medications which will help to manage the pain and can recommend a garment to ease the swelling. Surgery can be necessary to correct the condition if the underlying cause is hernia or varicocele. Testicular cancer has plenty of treatment options, which will basically depend on the severity of cancer. It depends on whether cancer has spread and how long it took to detect it will determine the treatment, which consists of:
- Radiation therapy
- Surgery, which will involve removal of the cancerous tissue from the scrotal sac
Scrotal Swelling- Home Treatment
In addition with the care from your doctor, they might tell you about the home treatment options which include:
- Consuming over-the-counter pain reliever
- Wearing athletic support
- Avoiding strenuous activities
- Applying ice on the scrotum which will relieve the swelling, within the first 24 hours of swelling
- Taking a shallow bath which will reduce the swelling
The outlook of the Scrotal Swelling
The view on the scrotal swelling depends on the hardness of the swelling and some other causes. Swelling because of the injury will pass with time, while other causes can require extensive treatment. With the proper diagnosis and early treatment, the scrotal swelling will go.