Such a way, the person’s appetite decreases and he or she eats and drinks very less and feels full sooner. Another type of bariatric changes the small intestine of the individual. This also largely contributes to weight loss after the surgery.
A person with severe obesity is recommended a bariatric Surgery. It is suggested mainly to people who have been suffering from obesity for a long time and have failed to lose weight by other means such as medication, workout, etc. One may also require weight loss surgery in case of health problems such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, etc. These conditions are linked to obesity. Bariatric surgery is a simple and easy way for obesity and health conditions related to it.
Why is Bariatric Surgery Done?
Gastric Bypass is performed to help an individual lose excess weight. This surgery reduces the risks of health conditions linked to obesity like:
- Heart diseases
- High blood pressure
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep Apnea
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Who can get the Bariatric Surgery done?
An obese person, who have failed to lose weight by most other means is eligible fort he surgery. The doctor does not perform the surgery unless there is no other option left for the patient. Following conditions are considered to decide to perform the weight loss surgery on a person:
- If the BMI or Body Mass Index of the individual is 40 or higher than that. This is the stage of extreme obesity.
- If the BMI of the individual is 35 to 39.9 and is suffering from serious health conditions or diseases linked to obesity such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, a severe case of sleep apnea, etc. In various situations, weight loss surgery is also considered with a person of BMI 30-34 if he is suffering from serious diseases linked to obesity.
The doctor needs to check thoroughly if the patient can undergo weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery cannot be performed on every obese patient. The patient has to meet certain guidelines to make sure he is fit for the surgery. The patient has to undergo go a strict screening process to qualify for the surgery.
The surgery makes permanent changes in the patient’s life. The patient has to be firm that he has to lead a healthy life after the surgery. The patient has to follow up with the doctor after the treatment and also monitor the diet and eat healthy food post the surgery.
Different Weight Loss Surgeries
There are four weight-loss surgeries. The type of weight loss surgery suitable for a patient widely depends on the condition and health of the patient. The four types of Bariatric Surgeries are:
- Gastric Bypass
- Sleeve Gastrectomy
- Gastric Bands
- Mini Gastric Bypass
Risks, Complications, and Side-Effects of Bariatric Surgery
Common Complications and side effects after the weight loss surgery include:
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Acid reflux
- Unable to eat certain food items
- Obstruction in stomach
- Weight gain or inability to lose weight.
The surgery also has some serious, long term health complications and risks such as:
- Low Blood Pressure
- Nausea and Dizziness
- Bowel Obstruction
Risks, Complications and Side Effects of Gastric Bypass
- Dumping Syndrome
- Internal bleeding of the treated area
- Stomach Perforation
- Malnutrition, especially iron, vitamin, protein or calorie deficiency
- Bowel Obstruction
- Organ Injury
- Skin Separation
Risks, Complications and Side Effects of Gastric Sleeve
- Blood clots
- Internal bleeding
There may be some other side effects that the patient would feel after the surgery. The body of the person who had undergone the surgery may not absorb nutrients properly. The patient has to make sure to take the prescribed vitamins and minerals for a healthy life ahead. The person can also get anemic due to insufficient nutrition. The surgery also widely affects the way the body absorbs and reacts to alcohol. The patient may also develop several alcohol-related problems post the surgery.
Overall, it is not very safe to go under the knife for a Bariatric Surgery.
Also Read: Gastric bypass surgery before and after