Testicular pain is the discomfort which is felt in the testicles or in your scrotum. Testicles are egg-shaped reproductive organs which are located in your scrotum. Testicular pain can be caused by some minor injuries to the area. If you are experiencing any pain the testicle, you need to have your symptoms evaluated. Pain present in the scrotum can be the result of some serious conditions such as testicular torsion or maybe because of STI which is sexually transmitted infection. If you ignore the pain can cause irreversible damage to your testicles. Often the problems with the testicles can be a reason for abdominal pain before you have pain in your testicles. If the pain is unexplained it should be evaluated by a doctor.
Common causes of pain in the testicle
Injury to your testicles can cause pain but the pain in the testicle is the result of some medical issues which will require treatment. This include:
- An inguinal hernia
- Kidney stones
- Inflammation of the testicle
- The fluid present in the testicle
- An undescended testicle
- A varicocele or group of enlarged veins in the testicle
- Damage to the nerves of the scrotum
In some of the cases, pain in the testicle can be caused because of a severe medical condition which is testicular torsion. In this scenario, the testicle can become twisted, in which the blood supply is cut off to the testicle. This will cause damage to the tissue. Testicular torsion is a medical emergency which should be treated on time to prevent any damage to the testicles. This condition occurs in males which are between the age of 10 and 20. Pain in the testicle is rarely caused by testicular cancer. Testicular cancer can cause a lump on the testicles which is often painless. The doctor should evaluate any lump present on your testicles.
Pain in testicles symptoms
These are the following symptoms of the testicular pain:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swelling or redness of the testicles
- Painful urination
- Pain with the ejaculation
- Blood in your urine
- Blood in the semen
How the pain in testicles can be treated?
Pain which doesn’t require any medical care can be treated at home with the help of following points:
- Use an athletic supporter which will support the scrotum
- Use ice to reduce the swelling present in the scrotum
- Taking warm baths
- Supporting the testicles while lying down by placing a towel under your scrotum
- Taking over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen to reduce the pain
If you are in more severe pain, you will have to seek the treatment from your doctor. The doctor will do a physical exam of your groin, abdomen and scrotum to determine what’s the reason for your pain and will also check your present health conditions.
The doctor will have to do a proper diagnosis of your condition, by these additional tests:
- A urinalysis
- Examination of the secretions from the prostate, which will require a rectal exam
Once the doctor diagnoses the cause of your pain, he will be able to provide the treatment. This will include:
- Antibiotics to cure the infection
- Surgery which will help to untwist the testicle
- Surgical evaluation for the correction of an undescended testicle
- Pain medications
- Surgery to reduce any fluid accumulation present in the testicles
How to prevent pain in the testicles?
Not every case of pain present in the testicle can be prevented, but there are few steps which you can take to reduce the underlying causes of the pain. These include:
- Practicing safe, which includes using a condom during the intercourse
- Examining your testicles once per month to note any changes
- Emptying the bladder completely when you can urinate to prevent the urinary tract infections