Cannabis has potential short-term and long-term effects on the body. People mix cannabis with tobacco which is a problem in itself. We all know how harmful tobacco can be for health. In India, the sale and consumption of cannabis is strictly prohibited and is a punishable act.
Some people believe that cannabis is better than other drugs. Whereas, according to research, Cannabis can be addictive and can drastically bring changes to your mental health. Not just the brain, but your lungs, eyes, muscles and immune system. Let us know how Cannabis affects your body in detail. (Also Read: 9 Best Morning Routines For A Peaceful Mind )
Effects of Cannabis
It varies from person to person the way any drug affects the human system. It also depends on different factors such as a person’s size, weight, and health. The effects of cannabis also depend on the amount of consumption.
There is nothing such as the right amount of drugs. It comes along with some risks with the usage of cannabis or any drug. Very important to be careful and aware while consuming any type of drug.
This is how you notice changes:
First of all, it alters your mind and body. You start feeling hallucinated depending on the quantity you smoke. It stimulates the part of the brain that responds more to relaxation, food, and intercourse. You notice these effects in 30-40 minutes as you start getting “high”.
Your senses and decisions may cloud-up. The colors may appear brighter, sounds might get louder, time sense may fade and your throat may dry up. You start feeling hungry and crave for sweets.
How safe is Marijuana?
Marijuana is made from dried parts of the cannabis plant that includes the flowers, seeds, leaves, and stems. Some smoke or vape it while others consume as an ingredient in food, brewed tea, or oils.
There are ways to denote marijuana. The technical term for marijuana is cannabis. The other names to it are pot, hemp, herb, reefer, ganja, and weed. A higher potency form of marijuana is often called hashish or hash. The users smoke it in different forms such as joints, blunts, backwoods, buds, or bongs. Marijuana is also often smoked in pipes or baked in food, like brownies.
It affects the body in a different manner. When you inhale it, the smoke rushes into your lungs, quickly releasing into your bloodstream making its way to your brain and other organs. It takes some time to see the effects if you eat or drink marijuana.
There is ongoing controversy around the effects of marijuana on the body. Users have noticed various physical and psychological effects, from harm and discomfort to pain relief and relaxation. At some point or the other, they realize the side-effects of smoking-up once in their lifetime. Sometimes it is mild and sometimes it is severe.
There are some immediate effects of Cannabis
- Lack of self-consciousness
- Quiet Mood
- Affective perception with sound, color, and other sensation
- Altered thinking and memory
- Red eyes
- Low blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Lack of coordination and balance
- Relaxation with sleepiness
- Dry mouth
- Increased appetite
Those who consume it in low to moderate amounts, the effect lasts upto 2-4 hours after smoking. If you take a high dose, these are the short-term effects:
- Getting detached from the real world
- Slow reaction time
- Paranoid thinking and confusion
Long-term effects of Cannabis
Memory Loss and Mental Health:
Cannabis affects the brain resulting in impaired concentration, memory loss, and learning ability. If you use it regularly or heavy dosage may result in “cannabis psychosis”. There can be mental illness decreasing your response time or motor coordination especially when you are driving.
Sore throat, burning in throat, asthma, and bronchitis can be the long term effect of cannabis. There can be some serious respiratory issues such as airway inflammation, mucus coughed from the respiratory tract and wheezing.
Cannabis may also increase the risk of developing COPD. Smoking can rupture the walls of the air sacs in the lungs or may even collapse the lungs.
There are chances that smoking cannabis may impair the immune system. It makes the user more prone to infections and some types of cancer by suppressing the immune functions.
Cannabis consumption can increase your appetite. You tend to eat more that can result in nausea, vomiting or upset stomach. If the users consume it orally, it may damage the liver that can lead to reduced bile (digestive fluid) production. The reduced bile production can invite other health issues such as gallstones. ( Also Read: Common digestive conditions from top to bottom)
There is a high risk of sexual dysfunction as the statistics depict. People who consume cannabis on a regular basis either have premature ejaculation or have trouble reaching the orgasm. Prenatal exposure to cannabis has a negative effect on the growth of fetus. The unborn child can face mental illness if exposed to marijuana.
Other Effects of Cannabis use
Using Cannabis with other drugs
It is difficult to predict the effect of cannabis with other drugs that may include alcohol, over-the-counter medicines or any other prescribed medicines. People may experience nausea, vomiting, panic or anxiety. Some people wish to come down from stimulants such as ecstasy. It may reduce motivation or mental health illness.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
You may pass on the ill-effects to the unborn or to the infant through breast milk. Cannabis during pregnancy and post-pregnancy are definitely not advisable. Even if a woman consumes cannabis during pregnancy there can be increased risks of complications in newborns such as:
– low birth weight
– premature birth
– small head circumference
Frustration and disagreements can cause arguments and affect personal and work relationships. Your ability to work efficiently can be impaired to a great extent. People who become dependent on cannabis tend to be sad, helpless, afraid and dissatisfied with their lives.
Cannabis (Marijuana) is the most commonly abused illegal substance worldwide. So, avoid it to stay away from any legal repercussions whether at home or at office.
| News Updates:
In a bid to tackle the problem of illegal drugs the Indian government passed the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985. This Act prohibits a person to produce/manufacture/cultivate, possess, sell, purchase, transport, store, and/or consume any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance that includes cannabis.
According to a 2019 report by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, drug use was listed as an issue of major concern. After Alcohol (14.2 percent), cannabis and opioids are the next most commonly used substances in India. About 2.81 percent of the population (3.1 crores) of individuals reports having used cannabis within the previous year. States with the highest cannabis usage are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh, and Delhi.
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Are you thinking about quitting?
Why do you think you smoke-up? Whether you agree or not it is to
- Escape from the real-life
- Get away from that unpleasant feeling
- Feel relaxed
So, in other words, cannabis helps you to cheat yourself. It offers temporary pain-free solutions to get rid of your problems. But “not feeling is not the replacement for reality.” The problem will still exist.
Surround yourself with reasons to quit
- Do not think about next week or months ahead. “Just don’t smoke today” approach helps. It is very important to control your cravings.
- Get out of the house, do not isolate yourself as it will urge you to smoke more.
- Sleep a lot because you may find it difficult to sleep with the dose.
- Exercise is a solution to a lot of problems. It will help you fall asleep especially morning workouts.
- Talk to a doctor if you can get supplements or a therapist if you think you can not do it alone.
Dealing with Loss of Appetite
- It may be difficult to eat when you quit weed. But you need to eat.
- Get some protein shakes. Include fruits and vegetables that you like and blend them to increase the calorie intake.
- Include something that you do not need to chew such as peanuts, chestnuts, yogurt or cottage cheese.
Do not hesitate to consult a professional for counseling as it can help you manage withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, depression, insomnia, change in appetite, restlessness, and headaches.