Diagnosis of an Enlarged Prostate
The diagnosis for an enlarged prostate involves a combination of physical examination and diagnostic tests. Since heredity is a risk factor for BPH, the doctor will analyze your family history report as well. The doctor recommends the following tests to rule out the possibility of enlarged prostate due to other conditions. Some of the diagnostic tests include –
- Ultrasound – Doctors generally recommend an ultrasound of the prostate gland to detect any abnormal growth within the prostate using 3D imaging. This test is helpful in determining the amount of enlargement around the prostate.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test – Doctors usually recommend a PSA blood test to check for any increased PSA levels in case of enlarged prostate. This helps the urologists to detect the early signs of prostate cancer.
- Urinary flow test – This test is done to measure the strength and amount of your urine flow and to determine if the condition is stable or getting worse with time.
- Postvoid residual volume test – Sometimes, when the patient is unable to empty the bladder completely, this test is recommended to measure the amount of urine left in your bladder after the urination. This is done via ultrasound or inserting a catheter into the bladder.
- 24-hour voiding diary – The doctor will recommend this test to record the frequency and amount of urine expelled, especially if more than one-third of your daily urinary output occurs at night.
- Urine test – The doctor analyzes a sample of your urine to rule out any signs of infection or other conditions that can lead to similar symptoms.
- Blood tests – Blood tests help the doctors to find the abnormality with the kidneys or not. Also, blood tests are very useful to rule out the abnormal functioning of kidneys.
In case of moderate or complex cases, the doctor may recommend the following diagnostic tests-
- Digital rectal exam – The doctor inserts a finger into your rectum to check for any signs of prostate enlargement.
- Cystoscopy – A light, flexible scope called a cystoscope is inserted into your urethra to allow the doctor to see inside your bladder.
- Prostate biopsy – The doctor uses needles guided by a transrectal ultrasound to take a tissue sample of the prostate and analyze the tissue to rule out the chances of prostate cancer.
- Urodynamic and pressure-flow studies – This test measures the bladder pressure and determines how well your bladder muscles work using a catheter that is inserted through your urethra.
What are the treatment options for BPH?
Different treatment Options for Enlarged Prostate include:
Medications: Medical management via alpha-blockers, alpha-reductase inhibitors, etc., can help successfully manage the symptoms of early BPH; however, as the condition progress, surgical intervention is inevitable.
Minimally invasive surgery: Minimally invasive surgery is recommended if the patient’s symptoms can’t be managed via medicine and they have developed a urinary tract obstruction, bladder stones, or other urinary conditions due to BPH. Minimally invasive surgery includes:
- Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
- Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
- Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)
- Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA)
- Laser ablation/enucleation
- Prostatic urethral lift (PUL)
- Open or robot-assisted prostatectomy
Are there any complications associated with BPH treatment?
Although minimally invasive surgery for BPH treatment is extremely safe and complication-free, in rare cases, you might experience minor complications like:
- Painful or burning urination
- The appearance of blood/blood clots in urine
- Weak urine stream
- Difficulty in urinating
- Inflammation or discharge in the surgical site
- Nausea and vomiting along with low appetite
All these side effects can be easily managed by expert urologists in Bangalore at Pristyn Care. In addition, we take special care to ensure that none of our patients suffers from any discomfort after the surgery. For more information, contact us immediately.
Why get BPH treatment in Bangalore at Pristyn Care?
Pristyn Care is a leading surgery provider in Bangalore. We always make patient’s care and comfort our biggest priority. To ensure maximum comfort for all patients, we provide the following facilities:
- Treatment by expert urologists and prostate doctors: We are associated with the best urologists in Bangalore who have ample experience in providing complication-free treatment for BPH.
- Dedicated medical coordinator: We provide a dedicated care coordinator to all patients responsible for documentation and hospital admission to ensure a hassle-free treatment experience for all.
- Insurance support: We are associated with all major insurance providers and help provide insurance support for all patients, including documentation and claim recovery.
- No-cost EMI: If patients can’t afford treatment, we also provide financial support in the form of no-cost EMI payment options.