There are various parameters your doctor will assess in order to diagnose the problem for varicose veins which may include physical examination of the leg to check for any swelling and redness. The doctor can ask if you are experiencing any pain in your legs. The doctor may also suggest you to undergo an ultrasound test to check whether your veins are functioning normally. Once the doctor finds out that you are suffering from varicose vein problems, he/she can advise you for the treatment.
There are various treatment options available to treat varicose veins problem. However, it is divided into two categories which involve
- Non- surgical treatment
- Surgical treatment
Non-Surgical treatment includes :
It is a choice of treatment for treating varicose veins. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution into the varicose veins that can cause narrowing of the blood vessel and making it a scarred tissue that is reabsorbed and dissolved among other tissues. Within a few weeks of administering the injection the bluish cord-like veins disappear and give an aesthetic look to your leg like normal.
These are stockings that are wearable and can help treat the varicose vein problem by gently squeezing your legs and improving the blood flow circulation in your legs.
Surgical treatment involves following procedures for the treatment of varicose veins:
Assisted procedures using radiofrequency or laser energy -This is a surgical procedure that is usually carried out to treat larger varicose veins. The treatment involves inserting a thin tube into the vein and heating the tip of the catheter using laser energy to destroy the vein.
High ligation and vein stripping
The procedure involves removing the veins through small incisions or tying of the vein before it joins the deeper vein.
This procedure generally involves removing the smaller veins through a series of puncture done on the skin surface of the leg by numbing the area to be pricked.
Endoscopic vein surgery
As the name itself suggests, your surgeon inserts a thin endoscope carrying a camera into your leg and observes the veins after which your surgeon will remove them by making tiny punctures on your skin. This procedure is carried out only in advance cases if there are any ulcers found in the veins.
Laser treatment is the modern treatment for varicose veins. This is one of the most effective treatments for varicose veins and spider veins. In this procedure, the doctors use strong bursts of light through a probe inserted into the vein, which makes the vein slowly fade away due to heat injury.