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About Female Infertility

Infertility is defined as the inability of a woman to get pregnant even after having frequent intercourses for at least a year. Most couple indulge in unprotected sex 2-3 times a week to be able to conceive. But, when pregnancy does not occur even after one year, and after diagnosis, the woman is confirmed to have a certain problem, she should get treated or seek medical help. It is important to note that female infertility is not always the reason for the woman not getting pregnant infertility can be a result from problems in the man, the woman, or both the partners. A woman should not be considered infertile without proper medical diagnosis. To understand if a woman is infertile or not, proper diagnosis is of utmost importance.

Infertility is a common phenomenon and it is increasing with the changing lifestyle and habits . According to a report by the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction, 10-14% of the Indian population suffers from infertility. According to some estimates, this amounts to roughly one in every six couples in urban India.

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Top Fertility Specialists

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Best Fertility Treatments

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Risks for Female Infertility
  • Aging
  • Irregular periods
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Being obese or underweight
  • Cysts, tumors or fibroids in any part of the reproductive system
  • Structural problems and abnormalities in the uterus, ovaries, or the fallopian tubes
  • Autoimmune disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid gland conditions, lupus, Hashimoto's disease)
  • Past history of ectopic pregnancies
Treatments for Female Infertility
  • Fertility medications
  • Assisted Reproductive Technologies (IUI/ IVF)
  • Egg Freezing
  • Embryo freezing
Prevention for Female Infertility
  • Maintain healthy weight Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Reduce stress
Why Pristyn Care?
  • 15 + years experienced fertility specialists
  • Advanced fertility labs for IUI and IVF
  • Home sample collection available
  • Online and offline consultation
  • 100% transparency
Doctor-performing-Female Infertility-surgery-in-Gurgaon


Diagnosis Tests for female infertility

Some of the tests suggested to diagnose female infertility are:

1. Blood tests – These tests examine your hormone and thyroid levels to help filter any abnormalities.

2. Imaging tests – Imaging tests such as pelvic ultrasound, MRI, and sonography are used to examine structural abnormalities in the uterus and ovaries of women. If need be, laparoscopy or hysteroscopy may be suggested.

3. X-ray hysterosalpingogram (HSG) – HSG test is done to examine any structural blockages in the fallopian tubes. For this, your OB-GYN injects a clinically safe dye inside your cervical opening and monitors its movement through your fallopian tube.

4.Ovulation testing – Ovulation test is a simple blood test done to determine if you are ovulating or not. Based on the same, your OB-GYN puts you on ovulation drugs.

5.Test for ovarian reserve – Ovarian reserve tests are done at the beginning of your menstruation cycle to check for the number of eggs available in your ovaries for ovulation.

6. Endometrial Biopsy- In rare cases, or for women in the early ’40s, an endometrial biopsy may be employed. It is a test done to check any abnormalities in the endometrial lining of the female uterus.

For this, your OBGYN uses a tissue sample of your uterine lining and sends it for a lab test.


The treatment will depend on the evaluation of infertility. Depending on the cause, the doctor might suggest medication or surgery.

The doctor might recommend medications like Clomiphene which are used to stimulate the ovary to release one or more eggs. The medications also work to adjust your hormonal levels. The doctor might also recommend Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone which are used to stimulate the ovaries to release eggs.

When medications fail, the doctor might suggest you to undergo surgical treatments where matured eggs are harvested after fertility drug treatment. This includes Intrauterine insemination (IUI) and In vitro fertilization (IVF).

In Our Doctor's Word

What-Dr. Janani Manoharan-Say-About-Female Infertility-Treatment

Dr. Janani Manoharan

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DMAS

15 Years Experience

"Age is one of the primary infertility factors for females. With changing timelines in education, career, and marriage; an average age of conception in urban women has raised to more than 35 years of age. By this time, both- the egg number and quality declines steeply. And while this is only natural, when combined with stressed work life, pollution, improper diet and increasing dependence on junk food, the natural conception becomes harder than before. Now add to this the risks of smoking, tobacco and alcohol- the chances bleak even further! My honest advice would be, if you have been trying to conceive for more than 1 year, seek immediate medical help and get yourself thoroughly checked. Only an early diagnosis can help suggest you the best supportive method. Also, if you are not ready for a child yet, consult a good gynecologist and consider egg freezing. It might be one of your best decisions."

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India


Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.


Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.


Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.


Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers


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I have been diagnosed with female infertility. What are my options?

You have multiple options based on the root cause of your infertility. Some of them include:

Fertility medications Fertility drugs are typically the first resolution for female factor infertility. However, the same may change depending on the root cause of your issue.

Usually, the most commonly used fertility drugs are gonadotropins and Clomid. These medicines are used to stimulate ovulation. If need be, they may also be paired with assisted reproductive technologies, such as IVF and IUI.

Different types of gonadotropins used for infertility treatments include:

  • FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone)
  • A mixture of FSH and LH (luteinizing hormone) – also called hMG or human menopausal gonadotropin
  • hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)

Assisted Reproductive Technologies

As the name suggests, Assisted Reproductive Technologies are advanced medical technologies used to aid reproduction in couples with infertility issues. It works best for women who have issues with the fallopian tube or in couples where the sperm cannot swim to fertilize the egg. Four of the most ART procedures include-

  • IUI ( Intrauterine Insemination) IUI is the most common ART method suggested after medications. Here the sperm of the male partner is directly implanted into the uterus of the woman. The treatment is safe, simple, and economical. It is best suggested to women/ couples with issues in the fallopian tube, unexplained infertility, or low sperm motility.
  • IVF (In vitro fertilization) IVF, in the simplest terms, is when the male sperm and female eggs are combined outside the human body in a petri-dish. Hence the name- In vitro fertilization. During this treatment, your infertility specialists put you on fertility drugs so you ovulate more and produce more eggs. Once the eggs are matured, the healthiest of them are put in a petri-dish along with the washed sperms of the male partner for fertilization. Once the fertilization successfully happens and embryos are formed, the doctors implant the embryos directly in the woman’s uterus and wait for the pregnancy.
  • Intrafallopian transfer In case of damage or blockage in the fallopian tube, the intrafallopian transfer may be employed. It is largely of two types:
  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) – This method involves transferring the eggs and sperm directly into the female’s fallopian tube and allowing the fertilization to take place inside the woman’s body.
  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) or Tubal Embryo Transfer: This method transfers the fertilized embryo into the uterus. If the above fails, third-party reproduction may be employed. In the case of female factor infertility, the method is called- Egg Donor.

Egg donor As the name suggests, this method provides an option for pregnancy using donated eggs (from another fertile woman) and using them in an IVF cycle.

What questions should I ask my infertility specialist?

1. What is the main reason for my infertility?

2. Is the problem only with me or also with my partner?

3. Can my fertility be treated with medicines?

4. Are there any lifestyle modifications that might help me get pregnant?

5. If the infertility cause is unclear, which line of treatment do you recommend?

6. What are my chances of pregnancy with these treatment methods?

7. What is the guarantee that I will conceive with this treatment?

8. How does IUI/ IVF work?

9. Can IUI/ IVF lead to multiple babies?

10. What are our treatment options, and how much do they cost?

11. What are my payment options?

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