An expert doctor will evaluate and diagnose whether the patient is physically fit for the surgery or not? That can be done by asking about the medical history, and other illnesses a patient may have. After that, they may ask for a pelvic examination, pap smear, and conduct a thorough diagnosis before proceeding with a hysterectomy. A patient may need to get the tests done to check for cancer. They may include:
- Cervical cytology (Pap Smear test)- To help detect the presence of abnormal cervical cells
- Endometrial biopsy- To help detect abnormal cells in the uterine lining
- Pelvic ultrasound- To see the size of uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps or ovarian cysts
After a diagnosis by an experienced surgeon, the patient accordingly proceeds with the operation. The advanced surgical procedure involves removal of the uterus through the abdomen by taking a very low bikini incision using the laparoscope. The daycare treatment involves fewer cuts or incisions, no scarring, no pain, and a faster recovery. There are two procedures for hysterectomy using modern procedures, the same are listed below:
- Laparoscopic Hysterectomy- This procedure involves the incision with a laparoscope and vaginal incision, excision of cervical tissues transvaginally.
- Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy- The entire operation is performed using a laparoscope and afterwards, a surgical specimen is removed via the vagina.