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What is Pilonidal Sinus?

A pilonidal cyst is a small hole formed near the tailbone. The cyst may also contain dirt and hair, which when infected, causes severe pain, inflammation, and itching. People who have to sit for long hours or do not maintain proper hygiene are more to Pilonidal sinus.

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Overview

Pilonidal Sinus
Names of pilonidal sinus in different languages:
  • Pilonidal sinus in Hindi - पाइलोनिडल साइनस
  • Pilonidal sinus in Telugu: పైలో నైడల్ సైనస్
  • Pilonidal sinus in Tamil: பைலோனிடல் சைனஸ்
  • Pilonidal sinus in Bengali - পাইলনডাইল সাইনাস
Home remedies for pilonidal sinus:
  • Take sitz baths
  • Take vitamin c and zinc supplements
  • Use essential oils to soothe the area
  • Apply castor oil to prevent inflammation in the area
  • Stay physically active to improve blood flow
Risk factors for pilonidal sinus:
  • Male sex
  • Sedentary and inactive lifestyle
  • Long hours of sitting
  • Excess body hair
  • Obesity
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Treatment

Diagnosis

A proctologist will firstly diagnose the pilonidal sinus by a physical examination. Pilonidal cyst looks like a lump, swelling, or abscess at the top(cleft) of the buttocks, towards the lower back. That is the draining or bleeding area, known as the sinus. The cyst is located at the top of the buttocks, and at times, the doctor may suggest blood tests for proper diagnosis. There is no requirement of imaging tests in cases of pilonidal sinus.

Surgery

An infected pilonidal sinus can lead to a lot of pain and intense discomfort during everyday activities. Surgery can help resolve this condition, so it’s important to select a treatment method with a proven success rate, such as laser ablation.

Pilonidal sinus laser treatment at Care expert has a high success rate with no risk of recurrence. By choosing this minimally invasive laser treatment, the patient has good hope that this pain-free laser surgery will be the only treatment he will ever need for pilonidal sinus. Laser surgery is a bloodless, pain-free and quick treatment for pilonidal sinus. The laser procedure intends to clean out the infected area and remove the pit so that infection does not occur again.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the cost of laser pilonidal sinus treatment in Gurgaon?

In Gurgaon, the cost of laser pilonidal sinus surgery can range between Rs. 55,000 and Rs. 67,000. This price range is subject to vary from one person to another due to factors like the doctor consultation fee, type of hospital, location of the hospital, and the severity of the anal fistula.

What are the dietary changes that need to be followed to reduce the severity of pilonidal sinus?

Below are the dietary changes that can help you in reducing the severity of the pilonidal sinus.

  • Eat healthy food rather than junk foods like burgers, pizza, tacos, candy, etc.
  • Don’t eat hot and spicy food items
  • Add garlic into your diet or apply the garlic paste to the affected area
  • Stop or restrict caffeinated drinking beverages
  • Drink plenty of water [2-3 liters]
Can pilonidal sinus cause cancer?

No, pilonidal sinus won’t cause cancer, but if left untreated, it can increase the risk of developing a skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma. Hence, it is better to consult an expert doctor at your location and get diagnosed and treated for your pilonidal sinus as soon as possible.

What is the best antibiotic for a pilonidal cyst?

Metronidazole is one of the antibiotics widely prescribed by most doctors to treat pilonidal sinus. This medicine will clear the abscess by reducing the multiplication of bacteria. Before using this antibiotic, we suggest you have a consultation with the doctor and follow all the directions suggested by him/her.

Is pilonidal sinus hereditary?

Few medical studies revealed that if someone in your family has the condition, the chances of you developing pilonidal sinus is high. But, to confirm this, more research is needed. To know more details about pilonidal sinus, you can contact our doctors at Pristyn Care.

Will I suffer from pain during laser pilonidal sinus surgery?

No, you won’t suffer from pain and discomfort during the laser pilonidal sinus surgery because you will be under the effect of anesthesia [either local or general]. But, once the surgery is done, you can feel slight discomfort and mild pain, which reduces within a few hours.

Will my insurance cover pilonidal sinus surgery at Pristyn Care, Gurgaon?

At Pristyn Care, Gurgaon, pilonidal sinus surgery can be covered under insurance. An insurance team will evaluate all your papers and documents and will let you know whether your insurance can cover the pilonidal sinus surgery or not. To know the insurance claim process, you can contact us by calling the phone number or filling in the form that is on this page.

Is there any ayurvedic treatment for pilonidal sinus?

The primary treatment for pilonidal sinus in ayurveda is Ksharsutra. This is a special medicated procedure to treat anorectal conditions by using herbal powders and strong alkali. But ayurvedic treatments are not capable of curing the disease from its root and also takes a very long time to show effective results. The only treatment that provides permanent relief from the condition is surgical treatment.

Which is the best cream for pilonidal sinus?

Metronidazole is one of the best and highly effective creams for pilonidal sinus management. The cream helps in clearing up the abscess and also prevents bacteria from multiplying.

Can pilonidal sinus cause infection?

Yes, if not treated on time, pilonidal sinus can often become infected. Once infected, the sinus may start oozing pus, blood and release foul odor. An infected pilonidal abscess can be extremely painful. The infected pilonidal tract be either surgically removed or treated.

Is pilonidal sinus operation safe?

Yes, pilonidal sinus operation is a very common anorectal surgery. It is safe and if performed under the supervision of a trained and experienced anorectal doctor, surgical approach can be highly effective in treating pilonidal sinus. Laser surgery is the most effective and safe surgical approach for pilonidal sinus treatment.

What is the permanent solution for pilonidal sinus?

Most anorectal surgeons consider surgery to be the permanent and most effective treatment of pilonidal sinus. While other lines of treatment can provide temporary relief or manage the severity of the condition, permanent cure can only be achieved through surgical treatment.

Best & advanced treatment of Pilonidal Sinus now in Gurgaon

Pristyn Care is building an eco-system of modern daycare procedures to provide a seamless surgical experience for patients of pilonidal sinus in Gurgaon. Our experts are capable of managing illness, and take care of patients with the most advanced laser-based treatments at Pristyn Care Clinic. Expert surgeons at Pristyn Care perform surgery of pilonidal sinus with high-precision and technologically advanced equipment. The patients heal faster compared to traditional surgeries as it involves fewer cuts. Also, the treatments deliver long-lasting results and are performed by the best doctors at Pristyn Care in Gurgaon. Our treatments ensure faster healing and a patient can continue the routine after 2-3 days with certain precautions.

Get the best daycare laser treatment for pilonidal sinus cure in Gurgaon

Mostly, males are afflicted with this problem. The reason is that pilonidal sinus occurs in the lower part of the back region and usually affects young, hairy, overweight males who sweat a lot and may sit for long hours. If you are experiencing symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus or taking treatments already, but not getting desired results, schedule an appointment with the best doctor in Gurgaon.

To ensure a faster recovery, it is crucial to keep the area clean after surgery and follow instructions about periodically replacing the gauze. It just so with any surgery, whether outpatient or inpatient, remember to take note of all instructions relating to at-home care and aftercare, especially if gauze needs removing and repacking. Specialists at Pristyn Care leverages years of experience and immense knowledge to perform daycare procedures for fast recovery from pilonidal sinus treatment in Gurgaon. The team at Pristyn Care Laser Clinic in Gurgaon is dedicated to ensuring a seamless surgical experience for patients.

How do you know you have a pilonidal sinus or cyst?

You can look for symptoms below and identify the condition:

  • pain when sitting or standing
  • swelling of the cyst
  • reddened, sore skin around the area
  • pus or blood draining from the abscess, causing a foul odor
  • hair protruding from the lesion
  • formation of over one sinus tract, or holes in the skin
  • low-grade fever, but this is rare

Different surgical treatments for pilonidal sinus

Here are the different surgical treatments for pilonidal sinus treatment:

  • Laser pilonidal sinus treatment- Laser surgery for pilonidal sinus is the most effective treatment for pilonidal sinus. During the procedure, the proctologist uses a high-intensity laser beam to close off the sinus tract. The doctor removes the entire pit of the pilonidal sinus so that the infection does not recur. It is an easier and higher precision procedure to perform as compared to the earlier mentioned types of open surgery. The treatment procedure requires only one day of dressing as there are no wounds left behind to heal. The laser energy also promotes the faster healing of the site of the surgery. Thus, it takes a very short time to completely recover from laser surgery for the pilonidal sinus.
  • Incision and drainage- Incision and drainage is an open surgical procedure recommended mostly when the cyst becomes infected. It is performed with local anesthesia to make the affected area numb. The surgeon makes an incision in the cyst to drain the infectious fluid and pus. The doctor packs the hole with gauze and leaves it open to heal. It can take up to 4-6 weeks to heal the cyst completely.
  • Pilonidal cystectomy- Pilonidal cystectomy is the surgical removal of the entire pilonidal cyst. The treatment is performed after administering general/regional anesthesia. The surgeon makes a cut to remove the affected skin along with underlying hair follicles, tissues, and dead cells. If required, the doctor packs the area with surgical gauze. In cases where the infection is severe, the doctor places a tube to drain the fluid from the cyst. The tube is removed when the entire fluid is drained from the cyst.

Are there any risks and complications involved during pilonidal sinus surgery?

If performed under the guidance and supervision of a trained proctologist, surgical treatment for pilonidal sinus will not cause any risks or complications. But, like any other surgery, there might be some complications, although not severe. Some of them are:

  • Trauma and bleeding to the site – If the surgery is not performed efficiently, there can be a chance of the anal tissues getting injured. Trauma and injury to the anal tissues can even lead to bleeding. If the surgery is performed by an experienced surgeon, the chances of any injury can be cut down drastically.
  • Infection – Like any other surgery, infection is a common side effect/ complication in case of pilonidal sinus surgery too. Infection can lead to nausea and vomiting in the person. Infection, however, is not a very serious problem and can be treated with medicines. The chances of infection in case of open surgery is much higher than in laser surgery.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma – A type of skin cancer that occurs due to uncontrolled growth of the squamous cells. The condition is not very common but not unheard of. To prevent such complications, it is extremely important that the surgery is performed by an experienced and trained surgeon.
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Pilonidal Sinus - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment