Pap Smear Test or Cervical Cancer Screening

Pap Smear (Papanicolau smear or Pap test or cervical smear) is the screening test to check for cervical cancer in the women. It is done to check the abnormalities in the cells of the cervix which is the lower narrow end part of the uterus at the top of your vagina. In this process, a sample of the cell is collected during a routine pelvic examination. The collected cells are placed on a glass slide and stained with a substance known as Papanicolaou stain, the stained cells are examined under a microscope to look for pre-malignant (before-cancer) or malignant (cancer) changes.The Pap smear test is done to:-

  • To check the chances of cervical cancer in future
  • To reduce the risk of cervical cancer.
  • To detect a change in cervical cells

The Pap smear is your first step to keep the women cervix healthy.

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Abnormal Pap Smear Problems:

While performing Pap Smear Test, various changes in size & shapes of cells can be noticed. The terms can be divided into two parts:-

  • Dysplasia
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia or CIN is a term used to describe abnormal cervical cells

Dysplasia is itself not cancer but it may develop into cancer over a long period of time. As per nature, it has been divided into there parts:-

  • Mild Dysplasia or CIN-1 is due to the infection with HPV (human papillomavirus).
  • Moderate Dysplasia is termed as CIN -2
  • Severe Dysplasia is termed as CIN 3

The regular examination is required to prevent cancer.

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When to see the Doctor:-

The prescribed or minimum age is 21 when the pap smear test can be taken. Once it is done it can be done after every 3 years until the age of 30. For more than 30 to till 65, one may go for the collective test of Pap Test and HPV test once in 5 years. Older than that, you may stop going for Pap Smear test as you are at low risk. Regular screening will surely help you to prevent cervical cancer. There are many cases in which Pap Smear test is must when women have been facing such risk factors as:-

  • Being HIV Positive (Carrying AIDS-causing virus)
  • Weak Immune System due to chemotherapy, organ transplant, chronic steroid use
  • Having a history of diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure before birth
  • Having a history of abnormal Pap tests
  • hysterectomy when the cervix is not removed
  • During Pregnancy

pap smear or cervical screening can be done at the time of pregnancy so as t reduce the chances of cancer. If you have gone through the hysterectomy surgery in which cervix is removed, the pap smear is not required.

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How Is Pap Smear Done

Pap Smear is performed at the clinic only . In this process, women are asked to undress below the waist line and to lay down on her back. The healthcare professional will examine the external genital and rectal areas including the Urethra (the opening where urine leaves the body) to assure that they look normal. After that, following procedure will be done:-

The cells or cervix sample is diagnosed in the lab to have the signs of cervical cancer if any.

Treatment of Dysplasia/ Cervical Cancer:-

If the diagnosis indicates serious cervix problem in the form of cancer or future chances of cancer, it is required to remove the abnormal cells through using various treatments. The following treatments are offered to treat cervical cancer or Dysplasia:-

Only an expert gynecologist is able to offer right treatment to cure the problem upto the root. Contact Pristyn Care Laser Clinic to have pap smear test in Gurgaon for Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment. Book an appointment today only and let's have a healthy human body.

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