What is a Pap smear?
A Pap smear or a Pap test is a screening test which is done to check the presence of cancerous or precancerous tissues or cells in the cervix. The opening of the uterus is known as the cervix. Precancerous cells can often be caused by HPV or the Human Papillomavirus. These cells need to be treated on time. If not treated, these cells can abnormally grow and lead to cervical cancer. Detecting these cells are the first step towards preventing cervical cancer. Pap tests are mostly recommended for women between the age group of 21 to 65 to check their cervical health. Pap smear is quick, painless and a simple procedure. The woman may notice light spotting after the test, which is not harmful and has nothing to worry about.