During the Pap test, the doctor will make the patient lie on her back. The doctor will first physically examine the genitals of the patient to make sure there's nothing to take care of before the test. The doctor will then insert a speculum to open the vagina and to get a better and clearer view of the cervix and the vagina. The doctor will then insert a small brush or swab inside the opening of the cervix and twirl it to collect tissues and cells samples. The doctor may also collect a second round of samples for the test. The samples will then be sent to the laboratory for evaluation.
After the test, the woman might feel light cramps and discomfort. She might also have spotting and sometimes, mild bleeding. There is nothing to worry about this. However, if the bleeding continues for 2 days, it is important that you let your gynecologist know about this.