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Chronic Constipation

Chronic constipation is a stage when a person performs fewer or 3 bowel movements in a week. Some people may face occasional constipation which may be cured with the help of medication and following some healthy lifestyles. Whereas Chronic Constipation is one of the serious issues which may lead to discomfort in daily routine life. It may force the person to make excessive staining while making bowel movements causing more rectum problems.

Common Symptoms of Chronic Constipation

The most common symptoms are not making the bowel movement in time. The other signs include:-

  • Hard Stools
  • Pain while making bowel movements
  • Having problems while making bowel movements
  • Passing fewer stools in a week
  • Feeling of heaviness but not able to vacate the stomach
  • The feeling of pressing the stomach to empty the stomach
  • The feeling of pushing the finger inside to pull out the stools from the rectum

In short, if you are facing any trouble while making bowel movements this can be a sign of constipation. If the problem persists continuously for week or more, it may take the form of chronic constipation. People facing the above symptoms with the rectum and abdomen, they should immediately consult the doctor to take the timely treatments.

Possible Causes of Chronic Constipation:

The stage of chronic constipation starts when the stool moves too slowly to the rectum that it gets dried once it reached to the anal opening. It becomes hard to pass the stools out. The various reasons responsible for Chronic Constipation includes:-

  1. Blockages in Colon or Rectum: The possible causes are Anal Fissure, Bowel Obstruction, Colon Cancer, Narrowing of colon or bowel stricture, abdominal cancer, rectal cancer, rectum bulge through the back wall of the vagina.
  2. Neurological problems: The neurological problems may affect the nervous system of Colon and Rectum Muscle due to Autonomic neuropathy, Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Spinal cord injury, Stroke etc.
  3. Pelvic Muscle Dyssynergia: When a pelvic muscle gets weaken, or unable to relax while making bowel movement (anismus) or unable to coordinate relaxation & contradiction (dyssynergia), it may create problem while passing stools or eliminating the same and eventually it will cause chronic constipation.
  4. Hormonal Imbalance: Chronic constipation may occur due to disease in the human body causing hormonal imbalance. These diseases are diabetes, Overactive Parathyroid Gland (hyperparathyroidism), Pregnancy, Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) etc. These problems may lead to imbalance the fluids in the human body.

Complications of Chronic Constipation:

Chronic constipation may further lead to serious or severe anal problems such as:-

  • Straining too much while making bowel movements may lead to swollen veins in the anus which are also referred to the piles or Hemorrhoids
  • Dry and hard stools may cause Anal Fissure by making a tiny cut in the anal line.
  • Sometimes hardened stools may get stuck in the intestine and not get out. it may lead to Fecal Impaction.
  • Straining too much may cause Rectal Prolapse, a stage of rectum stretch from the anus.

Diagnosis of Chronic Constipation:

Although chronic constipation can be analyzed with the help of physical examination by the doctors and the symptoms thereof, still there are some medical tests which are undertaken such as:

  • Blood Tests
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Anorectal Manometry
  • Balloon Expulsion Test
  • Colonic Transit Study
  • Scintigraphy
  • Defecography
  • MRI Defecography

Every test pattern is different and the doctor may adopt the best possible ways to diagnose the Chronic Constipation. Different diagnosis methods will use different techniques.

Proven Treatments for Chronic Constipation

There are various methods and treatments available to cure chronic constipation. The doctor may prescribe the solutions as per the severity of the disease. The various solutions are:-

  • Diet and Lifestyle Changes
    This one is the most important and initial part to look after. Our overall diet strategy will define the ease of bowel movements. To improve the diet plans, one should consider the following lifestyle changes:-
    1. Consume rich fiber foods as it will ease the passing of stools
    2. Add fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread and cereals to have the rich diet
    3. For every 1000 calories, add 14 grams of fiber in your diet.
    4. Start exercising to stay physically fit and active
    5. Spare enough time to make bowel movements, do not rush always and avoid distractions

    Start light exercises, Avoid phones and newspapers while using the bathroom as distractions and stress may also lead to stop passing stools

  • Laxatives
    Doctors may prescribe various laxatives which may be prescribed after consulting the expert doctor. The Laxatives includes Fiber Supplements Stimulants, Osmotics, Lubricants, Stool softeners, Enemas and suppositories, Glycerin or bisacodyl suppositories.
  • BioFeedback/ Training your pelvic muscles
    In this process, the therapist will make you learn to relax & to tighten the muscle of the pelvis. It will help us to understand the muscle relaxation and eventually helps the stools to pass easily through the rectum.
  • Electrical Stimulation
    This is the non - surgical method of treating the chronic Constipation. It will help to activate the muscles and nerves of the pelvic floors. It is the most effective way to help the stools pass on easily.
  • Surgery
    If all the methods are tried but chronic constipation is not get treated then surgery is the last options. Effective surgical treatment is done to treat chronic constipation caused by blockage, rectocele, anal fissure and stricture.

STARR (Stapled Trans-anal Resection of the Rectum) for the Obstructed Defecation Syndrome is one of the commonly done surgical management to treat chronic constipation. Doctors at Pristyn care Laser Clinic in Gurgaon have been treating the patients of all age groups. The problem of constipation is common which may grow with the age. so better to take timely consultation. Get effective Treatment for Chronic Constipation In Gurgaon.

Chronic Constipation Surgery Treatment Doctor/ Surgeon in Gurgaon South Delhi |STARR

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  • Chronic Constipation
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