The doctor will perform a physical examination and look at nasal turbinates. If the turbinates are too large, they can actually block airflow. This condition causes breathing problems, frequent infections, and nosebleeds. The ENT specialist may recommend over-the-counter medications or surgical treatments based on the severity of symptoms.
Medical therapy is the first-line approach towards treating turbinates dysfunction. The ENT specialist starts with a complete nasal diagnosis to find the root cause of symptoms such as sleep apnea and snoring. Upon diagnosis, several categories of medications will be prescribed to help reduce inflammation. However, when medical interventions aren’t as effective as expected, the ENT specialist moves on to the surgical intervention. Turbinate Reduction is the procedure where the nasal turbinates are inspected and reduced in size for improved nasal flow. Turbinates surgery is performed through the nostrils under general anesthesia. In some cases, turbinates surgery is performed in conjunction with sinus surgery to improve nasal breathing.