About Medical Termination of Pregnancy

Medical termination of pregnancy is popularly known as medical abortion and MTP, is a method to terminate an unwanted pregnancy until 7-9 weeks, using medications or a combination of drugs. MTP doesn't involve the usage of anesthesia or surgical procedures and can be done at any registered MTP clinic or hospital.

When MTP fails, miscarriage turns out to be incomplete, pregnancy exceeds nine weeks, or it is a molar or ectopic pregnancy & surgical procedures are used to remove the embryo and pregnancy tissue from the uterus. Mainly, abortion is done in two ways known as medical abortion and surgical abortion. Which method of abortion is best for you depends on several factors such as the duration and type of pregnancy.

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Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) - Diagnosis and Procedure


The OB-GYN performs a pelvic ultrasound to confirm the duration of the pregnancy and to detect underlying conditions such as ectopic pregnancy or molar pregnancy. With the help of blood and urine tests, the obstetrician-gynecologist also tries to detect medical conditions such as anemia, diabetes, low/high blood pressure, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Based on the findings of the tests, the OB-GYN chooses the best method to terminate the pregnancy (either medical abortion or surgical abortion).


The OB-GYN uses two medicines called Mifepristone and Misoprostol to medically terminate the pregnancy. The patient takes the Mifepristone at the clinic in the presence of the doctor. After that, the patient is asked to take Misoprostol within 24-48 hours of the first medicine. Misoprostol can either be taken at the clinic or home.

Mifepristone blocks the necessary hormone for pregnancy and detaches the embryo from the uterine wall. And Misoprostol causes the uterus to contract and open the cervix slightly to expel the pregnancy. The process of abortion starts within 24 hours of taking the second medicine. The medical termination of pregnancy takes around 7-10 days to complete.

Frequently Asked Question

How is an MTP done?

MTP is done using 2 different medications. One is given at the clinic. While the other can be taken at home. Soon after, the medications and abortion (bleeding) begin within 24 hours.

Is MTP safe for health?

Yes, MTP (abortion by medicine) is a safe method of pregnancy termination. However, it must be done only by a licensed OBGYN at an MTP registered clinic.

Will the abortion pill affect future pregnancy?

No. When taken as directed and under the guidance of an expert OBGYN, the abortion pill has no whatsoever (positive or negative) effect on future pregnancy.

Does the abortion pill have any side effects?

Yes. Slight stomach aches, vomiting, diarrhea, etc are common side effects of abortion pills. However, they subside soon after complete expulsion. In case you continue to experience them after 24 hours, please consult your gynecologist.

How long does the recovery take after MTP?

MTP, that is abortion by medicine may take around 7-10 days for complete fetal expulsion and another 10 days for complete recovery.

MTP (Abortion by Medicine) Procedure

For terminating a pregnancy using medicines, your OBGYN prescribes you two pills- Mifepristone and Misoprostol. The first medicine is Mifepristone which is given at the clinic in presence of the OBGYN. It blocks the necessary hormone for pregnancy and detaches the embryo from the uterine wall. After that, you are asked to take Misoprostol within 48 hours of the first medicine. This causes the uterus to contract and slightly open the cervix to expel the pregnancy.

The passing of the pregnancy starts within 24 hours of taking the second medicine and takes around 7-10 days to complete.

Right after you pass the pregnancy, please arrange for a follow-up. An ultrasound exam must be taken within 15 days to ensure complete abortion. In case the abortion fails or turns uncomplete, surgical intervention is employed.

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Pristyn Care's Expert Doctor's Advice on Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion Treatment)