The doctor performs a physical examination of the ear that includes history of hearing loss and an audiogram test. Even a microscope exam is performed. Prior to surgery, blood test and urine tests are performed along with hearing tests.
Most eardrum with holes can be cured without treatment within a few weeks. The doctor will prescribe some antibiotic drops if there is an infection. If the tear which is present in your eardrum does not heal by itself, the treatment will help close the tear. These can include:
- Eardrum patch: If the tear in your ear doesn’t get healed on your own, then an ENT doctor can treat with the help of a patch. In this procedure, your doctor will apply a chemical to the edges of the tear to stimulate the growth and will apply a patch over the hole. The procedure can be done more than once before the hole closes.
- Surgery: If the patch does not result in proper healing, your ENT doctor will determine that tear isn’t likely to heal with a patch, then there would be a need for surgery. The most common surgery for this is Tympanoplasty. The surgeon will graft a patch of your own tissue to close the tear in the eardrum. The procedure is completed on an outpatient basis, which means that you can go home the same day.
In order to treat conditions or disorders in ears, ENT specialists may suggest various treatments but when all other procedures fail, only then, surgery is prescribed. Tympanoplasty is performed to reconstruct punctured eardrum which is the cause of hearing loss. The patient is given general anesthesia and the surgeon makes a small incision above the ear canal to approach the repair.
Otoscope (medical device) is used to assess the mobility of malleus and tympanic membrane. The reason for this surgical procedure is not only to remedy the perforation but also to improve hearing.