IUI treatment procedure explained step-by-step
Consultation with a fertility specialist – Consulting with a good fertility specialist is crucial for the entire treatment procedure. The IUI doctor would try to understand your health condition during the consultation and provide you with the best medications and lifestyle habits to prepare your body for IUI treatment.
Stimulating the production of eggs – If the diagnosis reports point towards any abnormalities with the woman’s ovulation, the fertility doctor may recommend medication to amplify the production of the eggs. The ovulation stimulation can also be done by injecting drugs into the female’s body.
Tracking your monthly cycle – The fertility specialist would then follow your monthly cycle to determine the best time to begin the IUI treatment. The menstrual cycle tracking can be done either by monitoring the cervical mucus and its temperature or with the help of ovulation cycle tracking kits.
Induce ovulation – Once a ripe egg is present, a patient is given a “trigger shot” that causes ovulation within about 36 hours. The trigger shot is usually given by a nurse at the clinic or self-administered at home.
Sperm harvesting – For IUI treatment, the couple and the doctor may decide whether to use fresh sperm or frozen sperm. If the couple chooses to use fresh sperm, the male partner or the donor will need to produce it at the fertility clinic by masturbating. If the couple decides to use frozen sperm, they can get in touch with any infertility treatment labs nearby. Frozen sperm is defrosted and then washed to eliminate the impurities before they are used for the treatment.
Insertion of the sperm / insemination – Once the female ovulates and the sperm is washed out of all impurities and dirt, and the fertility doctor uses a thin, flexible catheter to implant the sperm into the female partner’s uterus. Unlike IVF, IUI does not involve any painful steps. However, the insertion of the catheter may cause the female to feel slight cramps and discomfort.
Pregnancy test – This is the last step of the IUI treatment, wherein the doctor checks if the treatment has been successful or not. This test can be done two weeks after the sperm has been implanted in the uterus. If the pregnancy is not successful, the doctor might repeat the entire procedure or suggest another treatment line.