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What is Testicular Torsion?

Testicular torsion is a medical condition that occurs when testicles rotate, twisting the spermatic cord and bringing blood to the scrotum. It leads to reduce blood flow and causes sudden and often severe pain and swelling. Testicular torsion commonly occurs between ages 12 and 18 but can occur at any age, even before birth. Generally, testicular torsion requires emergency surgery. If treated on time, testicular torsion can usually be saved. If the blood flow has been cut too long, a testicle may become damaged and requires surgical removal.


Testicular Torsion-Overview
Symptoms of testicular torsion
    • Swelling of the scrotum
    • Frequent urination
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Abdominal pain
    • Fever
Causes of testicular torsion
    • Congenital abnormality
    • Trauma or injury
    • Vigorous activity
    • Rapid growth of of testicle during puberty
Benefits of testicular torsion surgery
    • Salvage the affected testicle
    • Preservation of fertility
    • Reduction of pain
    • Improved quality of life
    • Prevention of complication
Doctor-performing-Testicular Torsion-surgery-in-Loni


Diagnosis of Testicular Torsion

The doctor typically does a physical examination to assess the condition of the testicle and scrotum in patients who display the signs and symptoms of testicular torsion. To confirm the disease and rule out other conditions, they may suggest a few diagnostic tests. The common diagnostic tests before treatment are as follows:

  • Ultrasound:An ultrasound is performed to see how the affected testicle’s blood is flowing. The blood flow to the testicle is diminished or absent when it is twisted.
  • Blood test:Blood test is usually recommended to check for infections or inflammatory conditions that can cause symptoms similar to testicular torsion.
  • Urine tests: A urine test is typically carried out to rule out a urinary tract infection, which can cause scrotal pain.

It’s vital to remember that testicular torsion requires prompt treatment because delays in care might cause the testis to become permanently damaged. It’s crucial to get medical help immediately if your testicle suddenly becomes really painful.

Testicular Torsion Treatment

Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that must be treated immediately to prevent long-term damage to the testis. Reestablishing blood supply to the injured testicle is the main objective of the treatment. Testicular torsion can be treated in a variety of ways, including the ones listed below:

  • Medication: Painkillers may be suggested to treat the discomfort brought on by testicular torsion.

  • Manual distortion: In order to restore blood flow, the testicle is manually untwisted during manual detorsion. In order to prevent re-twisting, it is typically performed under anesthesia and may call for employing cutting-edge methods.

  • Surgery: In some rare cases, surgery is suggested to untwist the testicle and restore blood flow. This can include a surgical testicle fixation surgery called an orchiopexy.

It is crucial to note that timely treatment is important when treating testicular torsion since any delay in treatment might result in lasting testicular damage. If treatment is delayed for an extended period of time, the afflicted testicle may need to be removed. If you have sudden and severe pain in your testicle, seek medical assistance immediately.

Why Pristyn Care?

Delivering Seamless Surgical Experience in India


Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.


Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Care Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.


Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.


Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.


What if testicular torsion is left untreated?

If testicular torsion is left untreated, it can lead to permanently damaged or dead testicles that must be removed.

Who is at risk of testicular torsion?

The common risk factors for testicular torsion are underlying bell clapper deformity, undescended testicle, trauma, and prior intermittent torsion. Testicular torsion is the spontaneous twisting of the spermatic cord, which compromises testicular blood flow. It is a rare condition in 1 in 4000 males younger than 25 years, rarely in newborns.

Will testicular torsion lead to infertility?

Not always. If one testis undergoes and dies, the anterior pituitary stimulates the remaining healthy testis to secrete more testosterone and form more sperm. In such a case, the man remains fertile. In some rare cases, the sperm count decreases following torsion, increasing the risk of fertility.

What if testicular torsion is left untreated?

If testicular torsion is left untreated, it can lead to permanently damaged or dead testicles that must be removed.

Questions you need to ask your urologist before testicular torsion treatment

Here are some questions that you must ask your urologist before testicular torsion treatment to have a better understanding of the procedure and to know the risks and complications associated with it:

  • Will testicular torsion fix itself?
  • What is the main cause of testicular torsion?
  • Is testicular torsion life-threatening?
  • What is the best treatment option for me?
  • How can I reduce the chances of testicular torsion in the future?
  • What are the potential risks and complications associated with testicular torsion treatment?
  • How common is testicular torsion?
  • Can I have testicular torsion in both testicles?
  • What triggers testicular torsion?
  • What diagnostic tests are performed before testicular torsion treatment?
  • What is the recovery period of testicular torsion surgery?
  • Can testicular torsion be prevented?
  • How effective is medication for testicular torsion?
  • When should I contact a healthcare provider for testicular torsion treatment?
  • Are there any specific pre-operative instructions I need to follow, such as fasting or stopping certain medications?
  • What can I expect during the procedure, and how long will it take?

It’s important to ask any questions that you have before the procedure so that you fully understand the risks, benefits, and expected outcomes of testicular torsion surgery.

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