Gallstones are a termed as hard particles which form in Pear Shaped Gall Bladder. As we have just read that Gall Bladder contains a green-yellow liquid called 'bile' which helps digestion.The size may vary from a groin to golf ball, from a single stone to multiple. It may cause sudden pain in the upper right abdomen when gallstones block the ducts of the biliary tract. The pain can be referred as Gallbladder Attack or biliary colic.
When Bile carries excessive cholesterol, excessive bilirubin and less amount of Bile salts, Gallstones are formed. As per the medical research, it is assumed to occur when the gallbladder does not empty completely or often enough. Exact reasons are still unknown. Generally, Two types of gallstones are found such as:-
There are two types of Gallstones are found in the human body, the different causes and risk factors are:
1. FOR CHOLESTEROL STONES:
Women are most likely to get suffered from the Gallstones as compare to men due to extra estrogen which may raise due to pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, and contraceptive pills etc. These things may lead to increase cholesterol level in the bile causing gallstones. Other Causes are:
2. FOR PIGMENT STONES:
Pigment stones raise due to excessive bilirubin and tend to grow in people who have :
Medications are not effective to remove the gallstones, Medication will help to reduce the pain only. Only surgical methods are adopted out of which laparoscopic Gall Bladder surgery is one of the best options to remove the gallstones. As we know, Gallbladder is not the essential part of the body, surgeries can be performed to remove the gallbladder. In absence or gallbladder, Bile (thick fluid) flows out of the liver through hepatic or common bile ducts directly into the intestine.
GALLBLADDER Surgery can be performed in two different ways:-
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy:- In this process, A tiny incision is made in the abdomen through which laparoscope (the thin tube with the tiny video camera) is inserted. The surgeon will watch the clear images of the organs and tissues on a Video monitor with the help of the camera which sends a magnified image to the video monitor. the whole procedure is done to remove the gallbladder from the liver, ducts & other structures carefully through one of the small incisions. Some of the important key features of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy are:-
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is Gold Standard Treatment of care across the world.
|Laparoscopic Surgery||Open Surgery|
|Does not require a large incision||Requires large single incision (generally 2 to 4 inches)|
|Recovery is faster||Recovery is slow and painful|
|Minimizes the risk of recurrence||High Risk of recurrence|
|Lesser and dissolvable Stitches||Lots of stitches|