Hysterectomy is the process of removing the uterus surgically. In simple words, Hysterectomy is the removal of the womb. It is found in the lower part of Woman’s body. The surgery may involve the removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other surroundings. Due to functional abnormalities, surgery is possible. The main function is to help the embryo (early fetus) to grow inside the womb.
The structure of the uterus is conducive to its primary function to perform. It comprises a muscle wall along with special lining known as the endometrium. Both these components muscle wall, as well as special lining, are responsive to the reproductive hormones released by the ovary. They have a specific function under which the baby develops within the womb which includes nurturing of the baby, formation of the placenta and then expulsion of the baby at birth. The muscle is capable of contracting and tightening during mensuration to expel the blood and during the delivery expelling baby and placenta. It also helps in controlling the bleeding and emptying of the womb. The special lining in the lower part is a sensitive tissue which prepares itself to accept the embryo. The lining shed off in absence of formation of the embryo and it is called mensuration.
How is the uterus removed?
- Experienced gynecologist takes the accountability for the surgical process of uterus removal. The doctor analyzes the condition of the patient and accordingly proceeds with the operation.
- There are three major ways to remove the uterus including through the tummy by taking a very low bikini incision, the vagina or through the laparoscope. The way of surgery varies person to person depending on the associated conditions, previous surgeries (if any) and capacity to bear the surgery.
What are the complications?
- Bleeding, anesthesia-related issues, injury to the adjacent organs such as the urinary tract or digestive tract, etc.
- To avoid such complication, an entire evaluation is made by the doctors and the right approach for surgery is also analyzed. Under the evaluation, it is being examined that whether the patient is physically fit for the surgery or not. However, some unforeseen complications may occur including thromboembolism (release of a blood clot into the lung circulation) or anaphylaxis (severe allergies to medications). Precautions are also taken by the doctors to avoid such kind of complications.
Why is uterus removed?
There are many emergency reasons due to which gynecologists take the call to remove the uterus. Some of the reasons are as followed:
- Fibroids and polyps are benign tumors of the uterus and cause heavy or irregular bleeding associated with pain.
- Heavy menstrual bleeding or pressure symptoms that become necessary to remove a uterus
- Diseases such as cancers of the endometrium, ovary or uterine cervix (lowest most part of the uterus)
- Infections and heavy bleeding not responding to the medical line of treatment
- Constant pain in the pelvis which occurs due to abnormalities such as adenomyosis of uterus or inflammation and not responding to medications
- Displacement of the uterus and vaginal walls outside the body through the vaginal opening
- Heavy menstrual bleeding which is not controlled by medication
- Sometimes the womb may be removed as a lifesaving procedure
- Severely infected uterus as in pelvic infection
- Injured uterus due to childbirth or miscarriage related
Is the procedure safe?
Hysterectomy is one of the major surgeries that is safe. It is performed by the experienced gynecologists, who also have good knowledge. The doctors also have the understanding of the pelvic floor and tackle complications and overcome difficult situations.
Is hysterectomy always necessary?
Hysterectomy is not necessary for everyone. It is analyzed by the gynecologist whether the woman actually requires the surgical operation of Hysterectomy or not. Sometimes it’s a decision of the patient itself due to the fear of developing serious diseases like cancer. Diverse precautions are taken by the doctor to avoid the surgery by using different alternative methods or small corrective operative procedures.
How can I prevent a hysterectomy?
There are a number of precautionary measures available for women and the very first one is to have a good and disciplined lifestyle including good diet, attitude, and weight management.
Is the surgery performed for cancer conditions same?
This surgery is also performed for cancer conditions. It is a radical procedure and it is performed for non-cancerous conditions as well.
Contact Pristyn Care Laser Clinic for Hysterectomy Surgery in Gurgaon through experienced gynecologist.
Vaginal Hysterectomy Surgery/ Hysteroscopy Treatment in Gurgaon South Delhi
Pristyn Care Laser Clinic, 50 SP, Sector 45, Block C, Uday Nagar, Sector 45, Gurugram, Haryana 122003
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