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What is Fissure?

An anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus or in the lining of the anal opening. It may lead to itching, pain, and bleed while making bowel movements. An anal fissure may occur when you pass hard stools. One may also experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus (anal sphincter). It is common for young infants because they tend to pass hard stools, although it may affect the people of any age. Normally, it may get healed within 4-6 weeks. it if does not recover within the 2 months, patients are required to visit the doctor immediately and he may prescribe surgery or other medical treatments. Medication may temporarily relief you from the pain whereas surgery will cure the disease of the root.

Causes of Fissure

  • Passing hard & Dry stools while making bowel movements
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Straining too much
  • Constipation
  • Child Birth or pregnancy
  • Foreign Body insertions
  • Anal Intercourse

What are the Symptoms?

  • Pain after bowel movements which may last up to several hours
  • Bright red blood while passing stools
  • Itching, irritation, and discomfort around the anus.
  • A small lump or tag can be found around the anus.
  • Visible crack around the anus skin

Treatment of Fissure

Although Anal Fissure can be temporarily cured with the help of home remedies but it becomes necessary to visit the clinic to have permanent treatment. Here we will study both the techniques:-

  • Home Remedies
  • Surgical/ Operative Procedures

Advantages of Laser Treatment over the Traditional Surgical Procedure


SURGICAL (OPEN PROCEDURE) NON SURGICAL (LASER)
Cuts and wounds No Cuts and Wounds
Highly painful Completely Painless
Recurrence No Recurrence
Diet Restrictions No Diet restrictions
1 Month-2 Months rest Resume your work from next day
Invasive Minimally invasive
Risk of infection is high Reduced risk of infection
More bleeding due to cuts and stitches Very less bleeding
Uncomfortable and time taking post-operative recovery Easy and comfortable post-operative recovery
Low success rate High success rate
No Cuts
Resume daily work from next day
No Recurrence. 0% chances of recurrence.

Anal Fissure


An anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus or in the lining of the anal opening. It may lead to itching, pain, and bleed while making bowel movements. An anal fissure may occur when you pass hard stools. One may also experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus (anal sphincter). It is common for young infants because they tend to pass hard stools, although it may affect the people of any age. Normally, it may get healed within 4-6 weeks. it if does not recover within the 2 months, patients are required to visit the doctor immediately and he may prescribe surgery or other medical treatments. Medication may temporarily relief you from the pain whereas surgery will cure the disease of the root.


Fissures can extend upward into the lower rectal mucosa; or extend downward causing a swollen skin tag to develop at the anal verge, also known as a sentinel pile.

Possible Symptoms of Anal Fissure:-

The disease can be analyzed through the following symptoms;-

-Sharp or severe pain while passing stools, especially hard stools

  1. Pain after bowel movements which may last up to several hours
  2. Bright red blood while passing stools
  3. Itching, irritation, and discomfort around the anus.
  4. A small lump or tag can be found around the anus.
  5. Visible crack around the anus skin
best doctor for fissure in gurgaon south delhi

Types of Anal Fissure:-

Basically, two types of the anal fissure are found:-

  1. Fresh Anal Fissure: It is easy to cure within a week by own or by using home remedies.
  2. Chronic Anal Fissure: It is frequent in nature and may take time to heal.Chronic Fissure is associated with the external lump which is called skin tag or sentinel piles.

Common Causes of Anal Fissure:-

The causes of Anal Fissure are given as under:-

  1. Passing hard & Dry stools while making bowel movements
  2. Chronic Diarrhea
  3. Straining too much
  4. Constipation
  5. Child Birth or pregnancy
  6. Foreign Body insertions
  7. Anal Intercourse

Diagnosis of Anal Fissure:-

Anal Fissure can be diagnosed with the physical examination of anal. apart from this, Other two digital methods are adapted to diagnose the Anal Fissure:-

  1. Digital Rectum Examination
  2. Proctoscopy or Anoscopy

Proven Treatments Of Anal Fissure:-

Although Anal Fissure can be temporarily cured with the help of home remedies but it becomes necessary to visit the clinic to have permanent treatment. Here we will study both the techniques:- 

  1. Home Remedies:- Everyone would like to treat the problems at home while trying cost-effective methods. The home-based anal fissure techniques include:-
    • Lifestyle changes technique include healthy diets with rich fiber fruits, juices, supplements and intake more water
    • Avoiding alcoholic products
    • Do not strain while making bowel movements
    • Applying ointments
    • Not sitting in the toilets for long hours
    • Regular exercising & Physics Activities
    • Using Analgesics
    • Some Ayurvedic medicines can be helpful for the initial Anal Fissure problems
  1. Surgical Treatments:- Surgical treatments come under new modalities. People will always go through the surgical procedure once he is failed in getting results via home remedies. Surgical methods include two significant methods which are:-

    1. Laser Surgery
    2. Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS)

    1. Laser Surgery:- Treating Anal Fissure using Laser ablation is one of the significant methods. It is used widely and preferred as compared to other techniques due to its precious advantages:
      1. Fastest Recovery
      2. Quick Treatments
      3. Minimal postoperative pain
      4. Return back to normal activity within 24 hours
      5. Early discharge from the hospital or outpatients surgery
      6. No diet restrictions
      7. No need to visit the doctor again and again
      8. It can be performed for all the age groups.
    2. Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS):- In this process, Anal Sphincter muscle is divided to let the fissure heal and reduce pain. If sentinel pile is present, it is removed to heal the anal fissure.

Only an expert surgeon can perform the Anal Fissure surgery with effective results. At Pristyn Care Laser Clinic, we are equipped with the advanced laser techniques and well-qualified doctors

Ayurvedic/ Laser/ Non-Surgical/ Diet/ Physiotherapy/ Conservative Management Treatment for Fissure in Gurgaon South Delhi

laser treatments of fissure in gurgaon south delhi
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