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Pilonidal Sinus or Cyst

Pilonidal (pie-low-NIE-dal) sinus or cyst is regarded as the small hole or channel in the skin. It may fill pus or inflamed fluid . The fluid may carry some amount of blood also. It usually occurs in the cleft at the top of the buttocks or at the lower back. The Pilonidal Sinus is the form of cyst which is filled with the pus, hairs, dirt, debris and may lead to severe pain. It may lead to foul smelling discharge.

Usually, Cab Drivers and Shop Keepers who are performing sitting jobs for long hours may be caught with the disease. It is more common in men as compared to women. This usually happens when the hair on the body pushes inside the body causing pain and dirt to push inside. It is also called the depression in the skin at the bottom just above the buttocks. Pilonidal sinus is also called cyst, abscess.

Common Symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus

It can be recognized through the symptoms of boil kind marks just above the crack of the buttocks causing pain while sitting. It carries a small amount of pus and pains too much sometimes.The other signs and symptoms are:-

  • The red skin over the sacral region
  • Pain while sitting or having a little push due to cloths
  • Foul smell Discharge
  • Carrying pus and some amount of blood from the opening of the skin

Whenever anyone having the above symptoms or signs, one must visit the doctor immediately to get the instant treatment. If it is diagnosed at the initial level, it can be treated with the help of medication. Otherwise, it requires surgery to clean the infected area from the pus, dirt, hairs etc to get a complete relief.

Possible Causes of Pilonidal Sinus:-

There can be various causes of Pilonidal Sinus but exact reasons are still unknown. Here we are highlighting some of the common causes or reasons leading to Pilonidal cyst which may be responsible individuals or co-jointly varying person to person:-

  • Hairs Puncture or pushes or penetrate the lower back skin
  • Rubbing the skin hardly creating the opening for the hair fall area
  • Friction, pressure, bicycling and wearing tight clothes may also lead to force the hairs towards the skin
  • People sitting for long hours while driving or performing manual work may get affected by this disease.
  • Hormonal changes

Here we have described the most common causes of the cyst which may occur at the lower part. There are some cysts which may affect the other skin of the body such as on fingers on the hands. This may occur to those who are performing works through the fingers such as Barbers, dog groomers, sheep shearers. The body may consider the hairs as the foreign body affecting the immune system.

Risk Factors for Pilonidal Sinus:-

Pilonidal Sinus enhances by the time if not treated or ignored. There are some common risk factors involved in this such as:-

  • The disease usually occurs to those who are in regular sitting jobs like drivers.
  • The problems may develop to younger aged male people
  • People who are obese and carrying inactive lifestyle or excess body hairs may suffer from the Pilonidal Cyst or Sinus.

Once the infection occurres ,one should get timely treatments before it expands as it may become more painful as the disease grows.

How to Prevent Pilonidal Sinus:

It can be prevented by following the hygiene rules. One should keep the buttock area clean . People suffering from the obesity should also try to choose the ways to reduce the weights or extra fat. Do not sit for the long hours.People who have suffered from the Pilonidal Sinus in the past are also required to clean the area on a regular basis . Timely consultation with the nearby Doctors or Pilonidal Experts may be taken to avoid the chances of Pilonidal Cyst or Sinus.

Proven Treatments of Pilonidal Sinus:-

To treat the Pilonidal Sinus or Cyst, there can be two effective measure or treatment can be taken such as:-

  • Traditional Surgery
  • Advanced Laser Surgery

- Traditional Methods

In this traditional methods, a cut or wound is created which may take several days to heal. Regional anesthesia is given to numb the lower part so that surgery can be performed. In the methods, an incision is done to drain the Pus and cyst is excisied. If a patient is facing the problem of having a cyst , one should consult the doctor . The doctor may perform a surgical procedure to remove the cyst entirely.

After the traditional surgery, the doctor may leave the wound open or may close the would with the stitches.

  • If the wound remains open, it may take time to heal. The normal dressing is done to heal the cyst inside out. It carries a lower risk of
  • infection or fewer chances of reoccurrence of cyst in the future.
  • If the wounds are closed with the stitches, it may get healed faster comparatively.

- Latest Methods or Treatment:

We all know, stitches are always more painful and may take more time to get healed. Apart from the traditional methods, one may take the laser treatment which is one of the most effective ways to treat the Pilonidal Sinus or Cyst. To treat the disease, Endo laser Treatment is used. Existing opening will be used to treat the disease or cyst. The existing opening is enlarged and laser energy is passed on to the cauterize cyst wall. The whole laser surgery is performed with the help of local anesthesia or short anesthesia. It may take half an hour to perform the laser surgery.

Whatever method is used, the only motive is to treat the Pilonidal Sinus or Cyst. Still, laser surgery of Pilonidal Cyst or Sinus is preferred due to extra advantages such as:-

  • Fastest recovery
  • Quick pain or minimal postoperative pain
  • Resume normal activities with 24 hours
  • No diet restrictions
  • No need to visit the doctor again and again
  • Can be done for all age groups

You can consult the nearest proctologist in Gurgaon. Pristyn Care laser Clinic is one of the best clinic offering Laser Treatments of Pilonidal Cyst or Sinus in Gurgaon via expert Surgeons and using most advanced laser techniques.

Pilonidal Sinus Laser/ Ayurvedic/ Diet/ physiotherapy Treatment in Gurgaon South Delhi

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