Pediatric urology entails the evaluation and treatment of various urological diseases occurring in children. The conditions can be:
PUJ termed for “pelvic ureteric junction”. This is defined as the correlation between the renal pelvis and the ureter (i.e., the tube running from the kidney to the bladder). The kidneys are divided into two parts, the first one is the filtering part and the second one is the collecting part. The renal pelvis is the place where the urine collects, then drain down towards or to the ureter into the bladder. Sometimes the correlation between the renal pelvis and ureter is also tapered. This is known as pelvic ureteric junction obstruction (PUJ obstruction.)
Posterior urethral valve (PUV)
Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is defined as an obstructing membrane present in the posterior part of the male urethra which is the result of abnormal development in utero. It is the very common cause of bladder outlet obstruction found in the male newborn babies.
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is defined as a condition in which the flow of urine runs in the backward direction from the bladder to one or both ureters and sometimes to the kidneys also. When the condition is left untreated this can cause drastic problems, like pyelonephritis and renal scarring diseases. VUR is a very common condition among infants and young children. Most of the children do not even have long-term problems from VUR.
Megaureter is also known as the dilated ureter which is caused by an abnormality of one or both of the ureters present in a child. Ureters are the two funnel-shaped tubes which carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Hypospadias is known as a birth defect (i.e., a congenital condition) in which the opening of the urethra is present on the underside of the penis instead of the tip.