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What are gallstones?

When the excess cholesterol present in the bile turns into crystals, they are called gallstones. The gallstones do not let the gallbladder empty properly. Gallstones are of different sizes and sometimes cause the inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). If the gallstones form repeatedly, laparoscopic surgery is needed.

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Overview

Gallstone
Gallbladder Stone in Different Languages
  • Gallbladder stone in Hindi- पित्ताशय की पथरी
  • Gallbladder stone in Telugu- పిత్తాశయం రాయి
  • Gallbladder stone in Tamil- பித்தப்பை கல்
  • Gallbladder stone in Bengali- পিত্ত পাথর
Types of gallstones
  • Cholesterol stones
  • Pigment stones
  • Mixed stones
Complications of untreated gallbladder stones
  • Inflammation of the gallbladder
  • Blockage of the common bile duct
  • Blockage in the pancreatic duct
  • Gallbladder cancer
Why Pristyn Care?
  • Most advanced laparoscopic procedure
  • Free follow ups post surgery
  • Free cab pick-up & drop
Hassle-free insurance approval
  • All insurances covered
  • Cashless insurance facility
  • No cost EMI
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Treatment

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of gallstones by laparoscopic surgeon entails a discussion on patients’ medical history, physical examination as well as lab and imaging tests. During the physical examination, the doctor may check the patient’s body, ask what he or she eats during the day and check for pain in the abdomen. The doctor may ask for other tests such as blood tests, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangitis-Pancreatography (ERCP) or an Abdominal Ultrasound and CT scan.

Surgery

The modern laparoscopic procedure to cure gallstones is an advanced surgical method performed with a laparoscope. Expert surgeons and doctors at Pristyn Care in Indore performs the procedure with high-precision devices. The gallbladder surgery is performed by making a small incision instead of a bigger one. The surgeon then removes the gallbladder and seals the incision. In addition, patients are allowed to return home the same day of their surgery, though in some cases an overnight stay in the hospital might be needed. It takes almost a week to fully recover.

In Our Doctor's Word

Dr. Mohsin Khan

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - General Surgery

12 Years Experience

“Gallbladder removal is the only final solution to the problem of gallstones. But many a times, I come across patients who fear the surgery and look for ways to remove only the gallstones. This is also because, they confuse gallstones treatment with that of kidney stones. See, both are different. Unlike kidney stones, where the kidney is healthy and the stone itselves can be removed as a treatment, gallstones result from diseased gallbladder. Once they start forming, they keep crystallizing unless the entire gallbladder is removed permanently. Otherwise, you would experience severe and unbearable pain that will last for hours and spread to the entire right side of your system. With passing days, it would only become more frequent and worse each day. This is why I suggest you do not trust just home remedies or quacks and seek a good treatment as soon as possible. This will solve your problem from its core and allow you to live a better, healthy and pain free life.”

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens to gallstones if they are left untreated?

If gallstones are left untreated, they can become inflamed and lead to inflammation among other major complications. It may start forming pus inside the gallbladder, the organ could die, or the inflammation may spread to other neighbouring organs.

Is it possible to treat gallstones at home?

There are a lot of common treatments for gallstones. However, gallbladder cleansing is crucially important for it to work well. It breaks down the gallstones in bits, flushes the same out of the body. A patient can try consuming a blend of apple juice, herbs, and olive oil for a couple of days.

Is there any gallbladder stone remedy in Ayurveda?

The common ayurvedic medicine for gallstones involves using:

  • Turmeric
  • Aloe Vera
  • Gokshura (dried fruits of Tribulus Terrestris)
  • Kalonji (Nigella Sativa)
  • Black pepper

These ingredients can be used to cleanse the body and improve the overall health of the individual. However, there is no evidence that using these remedies will cure gallstones.

Is medicine for gallstones effective? 

Yes. There are several medicines available that can dissolve gallstones and make it easier for the body to excrete them through waste. One of the most common medicines is Ursodiol or Chenodiol that is available as oral bile acid pills. The medicine breaks down the stones made up of cholesterol slowly. You should also know that the stones may take two years or longer to dissolve completely with this medicine.

Does gallstone cause heartburn?

Yes. Heartburn is one of the most common symptoms of gallbladder stones. It usually arises after a meal and gets worse when the person bends over or lies down. Sometimes, heartburn may persist several hours after eating.

How to test for gallstones at home? 

It is not possible for you to diagnose gallstones at home. To confirm that you have gallbladder stones, you’ll need the following tests:

  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Oral Cholecystography
  • Hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid scan (HIDA)
  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • Blood tests
What is a gallbladder operation called? 

The gallbladder removal procedure is called a cholecystectomy. If the open technique is used for the surgery, the name changes to open cholecystectomy. And if the laparoscopic technique is used, the name becomes laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

What is the gallstone operation cost in Indore? 

On average, gallbladder stone removal cost in Indore varies from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,00,000 for open cholecystectomy and Rs. 45,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

What are the factors that affect laparoscopic cholecystectomy cost in Indore? 

Various factors that affect the cost of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are given below:

  • Choice of hospital
  • Admission, discharge, and bed fee for hospital
  • Doctor’s consultation and operating fee
  • The severity of the condition
  • Risks and complications
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Post-surgery care
Is there a permanent cure for gallbladder stones? 

The permanent cure for gallbladder stones is undergoing surgery that involves the removal of the gallbladder itself. Once the bladder is removed, the bile juice won’t be stored in a place and there will be no chances of recurrence.

Is it possible to dissolve gallstones? 

Yes. It is possible to dissolve gallstones with the help of bile salt. There are certain medications available in the market that can be taken orally to dissolve the stones. However, it may take years to dissolve the stones completely.

Can apple juice help get rid of gallstones? 

Apple juice for gallstones is considered a good technique to cleanse the gallbladder. The juice can stimulate the bowels and help to empty the bladder correctly

What is cholecystoscopy? 

Also known as percutaneous cholecystoscopy, it is a type of endoscopic examination performed after the drainage of the gallbladder to look for stones or other abnormalities.

Which doctor to consult for gallbladder stones?

You can consult a primary care provider (PCP), general surgeon, and gastroenterologist for the treatment of gallbladder stones. They will diagnose the condition and suggest the most appropriate treatment method in your case specifically.

Where can I find the best gallbladder stone doctor in Indore near me? 

You can find an experienced gallstone specialist at Pristyn Care. We have some of the best gallstone surgeons in Indore who are well-trained in both traditional and modern techniques of gallstone treatment. They have helped numerous patients to get rid of gallstones with a success rate higher than 95%.

Are there any homeopathic medicines for gallbladder stones? 

Yes. There are several medicines available for gallbladder stones in homeopathy, such as Calcarea carbonica, Chelidonium, lycopodium, natrum sulphuricum, nux vomica, etc. However, there is no evidence that these medicines can effectively treat gallbladder stones.

Which is the best hospital for gallbladder surgery in Indore?

A hospital is considered best for a particular treatment when it:

  • Provides high-quality medical care at affordable prices
  • Has state-of-the-art facilities
  • Uses modern diagnostic and surgical tools
  • Follows a patient-centric approach
  • Provides assistance to the patient

Pristyn Care follows these principles and provides gallstone treatment in Indore at our partnered hospitals in a seamless manner.

What are the common gallbladder operation complications? 

The most common risks and complications that can arise during gallbladder removal surgery are:

  • Bile leakage
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Injury to the bile duct, liver, and small intestine
  • Side effects of anesthesia, such as blood clots or pneumonia

The risks of complications usually depend on the patient’s health and the reason for undergoing cholecystectomy.

What are the side effects of gallstones?

The common side effects of gallstones include:

  • Sudden and rapid pain in the upper right portion of the abdomen.
  • Intensifying pain in the center of the abdomen or below the breastbone.
  • Back pain between the shoulder blades.
  • Pain in the right side of the shoulder.
  • Nausea or vomiting.

If you have stones in the gallbladder, these problems will arise randomly.

Can infection occur in the gallbladder due to stone? 

Yes. If the stones get stuck in the neck of the bladder, it can cause inflammation and block the flow of bile juice as well. This will cause a serious infection that can be fatal if not treated on time.

Is 1.5 cm (15mm) gallstone big? 

Though there is no normal size for gallstones, a gallstone of 1.5 cm (15mm) is considered large. Normally, multiple gallstones can be present in the bladder measuring up to the size of 0.5 cm. However, it is rare for the stones to grow up to 5 cm.

Are gallstones dangerous?

Gallstones themselves are not dangerous or fatal. However, they can cause complications that can be life-threatening. That’s why doctors often advise not to leave gallstones untreated for a very long time.

Can gallbladder stones cause cancer?

Gallstones are one of the most common risk factors for gallbladder cancer. Around 4 out of 5 people who get diagnosed with gallbladder cancer have stones. But it happens rarely.

Is it necessary to remove the gallbladder for gallstones treatment?

It may not be necessary to remove the gallbladder to treat gallstones. In some cases, the stones can be safely removed if they are not causing any symptoms. Gallbladder removal is recommended when gallstones are symptomatic and causing problems in the pancreas, bile duct, or bladder itself.

What are the different techniques available for gallbladder stone operation?

There are two techniques available for gallbladder stone surgery:

  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, also known as keyhole surgery.
  • Open surgery, also known as laparotomy.

Both these techniques are effective but have several risks. The technique is decided by the doctor after the proper diagnosis of the patient.

Is it safe to remove the gallbladder?

Yes. It is entirely safe to remove the gallbladder. Doctors usually recommend this when the patient has had repeated gallstone attacks. Thanks to the advanced laparoscopic technique, the gallbladder can be safely removed with minimal complications.

Will gallbladder removal surgery permanently cure gallstones?

Yes. Once the gallbladder is removed surgically, the bile juice won’t be stored and flows directly from the liver into the stomach. Therefore, the cholesterol or bilirubin won’t precipitate due to prolonged storage and the chances of stone formation become zero.

More Questions

Gallstone Treatment at Pristyn Care in Indore

Our entire team at Pristyn Care in Indore believes patient experience matters the most. We continually improve the experience of our patients in their healthcare and surgical journey. We take care of our patients with the most advanced laser-based treatments and deliver a seamless surgical experience at Pristyn Care Clinic. The surgeons at the clinic in Indore are highly-experienced, capable of performing surgeries with the utmost precision using technologically advanced equipment. Also, if you are a resident of Indore, you need to know that the main reason contributing to the development of gallstones is the high-cholesterol diet. It results in increased susceptibility among the total population. A patient may feel sudden or rapid pain in the upper right portion of the abdomen or near the center. So, in the recent past, if you have experienced similar symptoms of gallstones, make an appointment with the best doctor for gallbladder stone removal in Indore.

The treatments provided at Pristyn Care Clinic in Indore are daycare, performed within 45-90 minutes and are United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) approved. Moreover, these treatments deliver long-lasting results and are performed by the best doctors at Pristyn Care in Indore. Modern surgeries heal faster and allow a patient to continue his normal work life after 3-4 days, with certain precautions. We know that a lot of patients in Indore don’t want to wait for a month for recovery so an advanced surgical procedure is an answer. Our team in Indore uses best-in-class medical and technical equipment to diagnose and treat patients with gallbladder problems. Often several risks are associated with certain surgeries. However, modern treatments have fewer complications, maybe in extreme conditions. The treatments and surgeries performed by specialists at Pristyn Care in XX are very safe, painless or minimally invasive, known as daycare procedures, and offer faster recoveries. Make an appointment now.

How do gallstones form?

A gallstone is a stone that forms inside the gallbladder due to precipitated bile components. The presence of gallstones is called cholelithiasis. The common reasons for gallbladder stone formation are:

  • Bile containing too much cholesterol
  • Bile containing excessive bilirubin

In all these cases, the excess cholesterol and bilirubin may start to crystallize and eventually turn into stones. Besides the above-mentioned reasons, there are two other factors that impact gallstone formation. The first one is the frequency and ability of the gallbladder contractions. If the contractions are incomplete and infrequent, the bladder won’t empty properly and cause the bile to become over concentrated. The second factor is the presence of proteins in the liver and bile that either promote or inhibit gallstone formation.

Initially, the size of these stones is equal to a grain of sand. However, it can grow quickly and become as large as a golf ball. Moreover, the gallbladder may contain one or multiple stones of smaller or equal size.

What are the different types of gallbladder stones?

Gallbladder stones are divided into three different types based on their composition. These types are explained below:

  • Cholesterol Stones- It is the most common type of gallstone. Around 35% to 90% of stones present in gallstones are cholesterol stones. They can be light yellow, dark green, brown, or chalk white in color and have an oval shape. Usually, their size is between 2 to 3 cm long, but they can also grow larger if left untreated for a long time.
  • Pigment Stones- This type of gallstone is composed primarily of bilirubin, which is an insoluble bilirubin pigment polymer, and calcium (calcium phosphate) salts present in the bile. Around 2% to 30% of stones present in the gallbladder are bilirubin or pigment stones. They are small and often dark in color.
  • Mixed Stones- Also known as brown pigment stones, they are composed of 20-80% of cholesterol. The rest of the constituents can be calcium carbonate, palmitate phosphate, bilirubin, and other bile pigments, such as calcium bilirubinate, calcium palmitate, and calcium stearate. These types of stones usually form when the biliary tract gets infected.

All these three types of stones can be present in the gallbladder altogether or alone. But in each scenario, you will need proper treatment for them.

Why should gallbladder stones not be left untreated?

When left untreated, gallbladder stones can turn into a serious medical issue. If you don’t take a proactive approach for your health and consult a doctor to remove the stones, it can cause the following complications:

  • Inflammation of the gallbladder(Cholecystitis)- When the stone gets stuck in the bladder, it will cause inflammation, severe pain, and fever.
  • Blockage of the common bile duct- When the stones enter the bile duct and get stuck there, it causes infection in the bile duct, jaundice, and severe pain as well.
  • Blockage in the pancreatic duct- Pancreas is connected to the bile duct directly. Hence, there is a high possibility that the stones can travel to the pancreatic duct as well. If this happens, it will cause inflammation in the pancreas (also known as pancreatitis). Due to the inflammation, you will experience intense and constant pain in the abdomen and may need immediate hospitalization.
  • Gallbladder cancer- Frequent occurrences of gallstones can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer as well. Though it is rare, it is better that you seek proper treatment to reduce the chances of gallbladder cancer.

Ignoring gallbladder stones is not advisable under any circumstances. You should consult a doctor and discuss what you can do to get rid of the stones permanently.

Prevention of Gallbladder Stones

It is mostly our lifestyle that increases the risk of gallbladder stone formation. Therefore, you can prevent gallstones by making the following changes in your daily life:

  • Do not skip meals- Try your best to stick with the usual meal times each day. Skipping meals can cause excess bile secretion and deposition.
  • Lose weight slowly- Being overweight is a risk factor for gallstone development. So, if you are trying to lose weight, take things slow. Don’t push your body to its limits in order to lose weight as rapid weight loss can cause the liver to secrete extra cholesterol, which can further increase the risk of gallstones.
  • Eat high-fiber foods- Foods that are rich in fiber ensure that the levels of bad cholesterol in the body are minimal. Furthermore, fiber keeps the digestive system moving and helps to flush out the bile from the body. Therefore, it is crucial that you add more fiber to your diet.
  • Exercise regularly- It doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to do an extensive workout, being physically active is enough. The less you move, the slower the digestion process will be. As a result, the bile won’t flush out correctly. Invest some time in exercising and leave the sedentary lifestyle behind.
  • Take prescribed medications- People who are at high risk of developing gallstones due to heredity or other factors can take medicines to lower the risk of gallstone formation.

You can talk to a gallstone specialist to find out what else you can do to prevent gallstones.

Dietary Changes for Gallstones

The food items that you eat on a regular basis have a significant impact on the body. If you eat a healthy and balanced diet and combine it with physical activities, it can lower the risk of gallstone development to almost negligible.

According to experts, the ideal diet for gallstones consists of:

  • Fiber-rich foods like fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Whole grains, including brown rice, oats, whole wheat bread, etc.
  • Fewer refined carbohydrates and less sugar.
  • Healthy fats, such as fish oil and olive oil that helps to contract the gallbladder.

Along with knowing what foods to eat, you should also keep your cravings in check and avoid unhealthy fats, such as desserts and fried foods. Talk to your healthcare provider and ask them to make changes in your diet that will help you avoid gallstones and other health problems as well.

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Video on Gallstones Treatment by Pristyn Care Patient