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What is Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is a procedure of removal of the cloudy original lens from the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens. A cataract causes the eye lens to become cloudy and affects the vision gradually. It can even cause blindness if not treated on time. Hence, cataract surgery is performed to resolve this problem.

Pristyn Care has a dedicated team of ophthalmologists who are skilled and highly experienced in performing minimally invasive cataract surgery. So, if you are looking for cataract doctors in Indore, you can get in touch with us and we’ll connect you with our expert doctors.

Overview

TAGS

Types of Cataracts

Nuclear Cataract

Cortical Cataracts

Posterior Subcapsular

Cataracts

Congenital Cataracts

Secondary Cataracts

Traumatic Cataracts

Radiation Cataracts

Severity of Cataracts

Early Cataracts

Immature Cataracts

Mature Cataracts

Hypermature Cataracts

Cataract in different languages

Cataract in Hindi- मोतियाबिंद

Cataract in Marathi- मोतिबिंदू

Cataract in Telugu- కంటి శుక్లాలు

Cataract in Bengali- ছানি

Risks & Complications of Cataract Surgery

Inflammation and infection

Bleeding and swelling

Drooping eyelid

Dislocation of artificial lens

Retinal detachment

Glaucoma

Secondary cataract

Loss of vision

Causes

  • Aging
  • Smoking
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension

Symptoms

  • Cloudy eye lens
  • Double vision
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Halos surrounding light

Treatment

Eye test for cataract surgery

Diagnosis

A comprehensive eye exam is done to check for cataracts in both eyes. Your vision is also assessed during the examination. The standard eye chart test is done for vision. A tonometry test is also done by using a painless puff of air to flatten your cornea and to test the eye pressure. The doctor will also put eye drops to make the pupils bigger so that it will be easier to check the optic nerve and retina at the back of the eye and look for damaged areas. Apart from these, the eye doctor may also check for glare sensitivity or your perception of colors. Through these tests, the doctor will determine whether you have partial, complete, stationary, progressive, hard, or soft cataract and the type of cataract to finalize the treatment method.

Cataract Surgery Procedure

Cataract surgery is the procedure used for the treatment of cataracts.

MICS – Micro incision cataract surgery (MICS) is an approach to remove cataracts through an incision less than 1.8 mm. The purpose of the surgery is to improve the outcome of the surgery. MICS has been relied on to be a minimally traumatic surgery that offers better postoperative outcomes. In this sophisticated cataract surgery, a high degree of surgical precision and innovation is used. Advantages of MICS include:

  • Smaller incision
  • Decreased chances of surgically
  • induced astigmatism
  • Faster recovery of vision
  • Faster healing

FLACS – Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) is a recent development in the field of cataract surgery. FLACS carries lesser risks compared to non-FLACS small incision phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Compared to manual techniques, FLACS can offer a greater level of precision and repeatability for certain tissue planes. Phacoemulsification, or phaco – In this process, a small incision is made on the side of the cornea. The ophthalmologist will then insert a tiny probe into the eye. The device will emit ultrasound waves to soften and break the lens. The broken parts are then removed by suction.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Are cataracts painful?

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Are cataracts genetically inherited?

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Can cataracts cause glaucoma?

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How to prevent a cataract without any surgery?

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Is it possible to cure cataracts without surgery?

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How can I find the best doctor for cataracts in Indore?

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How much does cataract surgery cost in Indore?

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Is cataract surgery in Indore covered under health insurance?

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What is the difference between mature and immature cataracts?

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Is red-eye after cataract surgery common?

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What is the difference between ICL surgery and cataract surgery?

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Undergo Cataract Surgery in Indore at Pristyn Care

Once the eye lens starts to become cloudy, you will eventually have to undergo cataract surgery for lens replacement. If you don’t want a cataract to affect your vision completely, then seek help from Pristyn Care experts. We leverage modern technology to perform minimally invasive cataract surgery.

Cataracts are one of the most common eye problems that occur with age. And it interferes with regular life to a great extent. Pristyn Care provides tailored treatment for the condition to ensure that our patients don’t have to face problems in their daily life. Undergo cataract surgery in Indore as soon as possible at Pristyn Care associated hospital or clinic and regain clear vision.

Trained & Experienced Cataract Surgeons in Indore

The success rate of cataract surgery primarily depends on the skills and experience of the surgeon. That’s why Pristyn Care houses a team of qualified and well-experienced ophthalmologists who specialize in treating eye conditions like cataracts. The years of experience our cataract surgeons in Indore have allow them to safely carry out the procedure and minimize the risks associated with the procedure.

Apart from treating the condition, our doctors will also customize a recovery plan consisting of specific instructions about the dos and don’ts after cataract surgery. If you have any queries, you can get in touch with our doctors any time and they will do their best to help you.

What are the benefits of advanced cataract surgery?

The advanced MICS and FLACS methods used for the treatment of cataract at Pristyn Care are beneficial for the patients in various aspects, such as:

  • Minimally Invasive Procedure- Both techniques require tiny incisions and the cloudy lens is replaced safely without causing any kind of pain, discomfort, or blood loss.
  • Outpatient Procedure & Quick Healing- The cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and takes only 30 minutes to complete. And after that, the patient recovers quickly within 1-3 days too.
  • Improved Vision- The surgery is highly precise and helps in restoring and improving the vision to the full extent. If you don’t have any other eye condition, it is possible to achieve 20/20 vision again.
  • Better Quality of Life- Unfortunately, cataracts can impact most or all aspects of our daily including reading, walking, driving, watching TV, etc. The surgery resolves this problem and allows the patient to perform daily tasks without any hassle.
  • Improved Eye Health- Sometimes, a cataract can make a person more prone to other eye problems such as glaucoma. The surgery prevents this from happening and helps to maintain eye health properly.

What are the different types of Cataract Surgery?

All types of cataract surgery involve the replacement of the natural lens with an artificial implant, which is known as an intraocular lens (IOL). In Indore and every other city across India, the following techniques are available to perform cataract operations:

  • Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery- It is one of the most common techniques used for cataract treatment. During phacoemulsification, the surgeon makes an incision around 2 to 3 mm with the help of an ultrasonic probe. The probe breaks up the cataract using vibration and removes the fragments with a suction device. Then a foldable lens is inserted into the eye through the incision.
  • Manual Extracapsular Cataract Surgery (MECS)- MECS is a technique that involves making a large incision, around 9 to 13mm long to remove the clouded eye lens and replace it with the IOL.
  • Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS) It is a variation of MECS in which a smaller V-shaped incision is made in the eye. The incision becomes wider as it reaches the lens. While the outer incision is around 6.5 mm, the inner incision is around 11 mm.
  • Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS)- As the name suggests, micro-incision cataract surgery is done through a 1.8 mm incision which is even smaller than small incision cataract surgery (MSICS). The rest of the procedure stays the same. The clouded lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
  • Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)- It is the latest technique to perform cataract surgery. A femtosecond laser is used to make the incision and the laser further divides and softens the cataract. Due to this, a minimal amount of phacoemulsification energy is required to remove the clouded lens.
  • Intracapsular Cataract Surgery- This type of cataract surgery involves the removal of the entire lens and the lens capsule from the eye. It requires a big incision and has many risks and complications. Therefore, it is rarely performed nowadays.

Out of all these types of cataract surgery, each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Not to mention that each technique has some side effects and chances of complications. Therefore, when you consult a cataract doctor, he/she diagnoses the condition thoroughly and then suggests the appropriate technique which is safe for the patient.

How to choose the best cataract lens for you?

The best thing about cataract surgery is that once the lens is replaced, the results are long-lasting. And there are different types of lenses for cataract surgery, each of which has unique benefits. These lenses are widely known as intraocular lenses and are classified into the following types:

  • Standard Lens (Monofocal)- This type of lens addresses the vision problems at a specific distance, i.e., either nearby vision or distant vision. You can choose between the two depending on the activities you perform on a regular basis. Monofocal lenses are usually spherical, i.e., the surface is uniformly curved, allowing the patient to see clearly at one distance only.
  • Multifocal IOLs- These lenses can help the patient to see distant and nearby objects clearly at the same time. These are considered premium lenses because they have both multifocal and accommodative properties that allow the patient to see at different ranges at the same time. Multifocal lenses are aspherical, therefore, they can correct presbyopia and astigmatism at the same time.
  • Toric Lens (IOLs)- This type of lens is specially made to correct astigmatism in cataract patients. There is a special type of toric lens as well that provides extended depth-of-focus. These lenses are slightly more expensive than other types as well.
  • Monovision Lens- People often confuse monovision lenses with monofocal lenses. There is a significant difference between these two. While a monofocal lens provides clear vision at a distance only, a monovision lens is implanted in both eyes to correct vision problems. An intraocular lens is implanted in one eye that provides nearby vision and another lens is implanted in the other eye that provides distance vision.

The doctor does an accurate diagnosis to determine the appropriate power of the IOL and provide desired results to the patient in terms of refractive outcomes after the surgery. You will have a detailed discussion with the doctor about these types of lenses for cataract surgery before proceeding with the treatment. The specialist will also provide you information about the best cataract lens brands in India, such as Bausch & Lomb, Freshlook, Acuvue, Alcon, Johnson & Johnson, Zeiss, etc. to make the decision.

Precautions After Cataract Surgery

Many people don’t realize this, but post-surgery care after cataract surgery plays a major role in determining how long you will need to recover. While you are being discharged from the hospital, the doctor will provide you with a guide that consists of all the dos and don’ts after cataract surgery.

Don’ts After Cataract Surgery

  • Do not rub your eyes with your hands as it can dislodge the corneal flap and stitches.
  • Don’t take a shower bath or swim for the first 10 days after surgery.
  • Avoid washing your eyes until the doctor gives you permission to do so.
  • Avoid using shampoos or cosmetic products too as they may contain chemicals that can irritate the eyes.
  • Do not indulge in activities that may damage your eyes, including contact sports or activities like swimming.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights as it may put a strain on your eyes.
  • Also avoid coughing, sneezing, or straining during bowel movements as it may increase the pressure on the eyes.

Dos After Cataract Surgery

  • You can watch TV or other digital screens after the 3rd day of cataract surgery.
  • Do remember to use the eye drops prescribed by the doctor as directed.
  • Wear a protective eye cap throughout the day and at night to prevent dust or dirt from entering your eyes.
  • Keep the protective cap on while you are asleep to ensure that you don’t rub or poke the eye during sleep.
  • Clean your eyes with clean and warm water with the help of cotton.
  • Contact your doctor if any of the problematic symptoms, like itchiness, fluid discharge, etc. persists longer.
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