What is a Cataract?

With age, moisture evaporates from the eyes. This forms a thin powdery layer of protein in your natural eye lenses and your vision gets blurry. This cloudiness of vision is called - Cataract.

As a treatment, your doctor replaces your natural eye lens with an artificial lens, also known as intraocular lenses.

When done under strict medical supervision and by expert ophthal surgeons, cataract surgery is one of the safest surgeries and offers immediate results. The risk of complications record less than 1% and the recovery is quick and pain-free.

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Types of Cataracts
  • Nuclear Cataract
  • Cortical Cataracts
  • Posterior Subcapsular
  • Cataracts
  • Congenital Cataracts
  • Secondary Cataracts
  • Traumatic Cataracts
  • Radiation Cataracts
Severity of Cataracts
  • Early Cataracts
  • Immature Cataracts
  • Mature Cataracts
  • Hypermature Cataracts
Cataract in different languages
  • Cataract in Hindi- मोतियाबिंद
  • Cataract in Marathi- मोतिबिंदू
  • Cataract in Telugu- కంటి శుక్లాలు
  • Cataract in Bengali- ছানি
Risks & Complications of Cataract Surgery
  • Inflammation and infection
  • Bleeding and swelling
  • Drooping eyelid
  • Dislocation of artificial lens
  • Retinal detachment
  • Glaucoma
  • Secondary cataract
  • Loss of vision



While cataract is also visually detectable, your ophthalmologist may perform one/ all of the following tests to precisely understand its stage, type, and severity.

  • Visual Acuity & Refraction Test:- These are done to examine the sharpness of your vision (commonly known as refractive error. ) For this, your doctor uses a standard vision chart/ an autorefractor machine.
  • Slit-lamp Examination:- This is done to study the magnified structures of the eye and detect abnormalities, including early-stage cataracts. Here, your surgeon uses a microscope to pass through an immense line of light (slit) to illuminate the cornea, iris, lens, and the space in between. As a result, the details become magnified and the eye doctor is able to detect the abnormalities.
  • Retinal Examination:- This is done to identify whether the light rays are able to reach the retina or not.
  • For this, your eye doctor first dilates the pupils of your eyes and then examines the back of your retina.


  • First, your eye surgeon uses topical anesthesia to numb your eyes and cancel pain. Then, a tiny incision is made to remove the clouded lens.
  • The same is then replaced with an artificial intraocular lens inside the eye. If needed, incisions may be used to close the cornea.

The same procedure can be done using different techniques. At Pristyn Care, we treat Cataract through either of two laser methods: Microincision Cataract Surgery (MICS) or Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS). Both are the two most advanced cataract treatment procedures, are minimally invasive in nature, and offer the fastest recovery.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are cataracts painful?

Cataracts are not hazardous to the health of the person or the eye. If the cataract becomes hypermature, or completely white, they may cause inflammation, headache, and some pain. A hypermature cataract that causes pain or inflammation needs to be removed.

Are cataracts genetically inherited?

Generally, cataracts are developed as a result of aging or injury of the eye lens. However, a few clinical studies revealed that about 8.3% to 25% of cataract cases around the world are hereditary cases. Book an appointment with our Ophthalmologists to know more about cataracts and other eye diseases.

Can cataracts cause glaucoma?

The main cause of glaucoma is an increase in eye pressure or intraocular pressure. So, cataracts are the most common contributing factors in causing glaucoma by increasing eye pressure and damage to the optic nerve. Cataracts also narrow the drainage angle and elevate the severity of glaucoma.

How to prevent a cataract without any surgery?

Change in the diet Avoid or quit smoking Protection from ultraviolet radiation Control your blood sugar Regular eye check-up

Is it possible to cure cataracts without surgery?

No. There is no other treatment method available for cataracts. It is an irreversible process that cannot be solved with the help of medications. Thus, you will need surgical treatment to cure cataracts permanently.

How can I find the best doctor for cataracts in Bhubaneswar?

To get in touch with the best cataract doctors in Bhubaneswar, you only need to call Pristyn Care. We have the best team of ophthalmologists that specialize in all kinds of cataract treatment. You can contact our medical coordinators and we’ll help you schedule an appointment with the best cataract doctor in Bhubaneswar.

How much does cataract surgery cost in Bhubaneswar?

The overall cost of the cataract operation in Bhubaneswar is between Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 35,000 for one eye. It varies from one patient to another because of the factors like the doctor fee, medications, hospital expenses, and type of cataract surgery performed.

Is cataract surgery covered under health insurance?

Yes. Cataract surgery is covered under health insurance plans. It is a procedure that is medically necessary to prevent permanent blindness. You only need to find out whether you have enough coverage to cover the entire cost of treatment or not.

What is the difference between mature and immature cataracts?

An immature cataract is a cataract that is incomplete, i.e., the clouding on the lens is not complete yet and the cortex is also clear. A mature cataract is one that is completely opaque. It is also known as a white cataract.

Is red-eye after cataract surgery common?

Yes. It is normal for the eye to appear red after cataract surgery. You may also feel other symptoms like grittiness or itchiness in the eye with some fluid discharge. These are common symptoms that will go away on their own as your eyes heal after the surgery.

What is the difference between ICL surgery and cataract surgery?

ICL (Implantable Collamer Lens) surgery is done for correction of refractive errors and cataract surgery is done to treat cataracts, i.e., cloudiness of the natural eye lens. While ICL surgery involves implanting a lens to bend the light correctly on the retina to clear the vision, cataract surgery involves replacing the natural eye lens with an artificial lens. To learn more about the clear differences between these two procedures, it will be better to talk to a professional.

How to prepare for Cataract Surgery?

The preparation of cataract surgery typically includes:

  • Discuss all your current medications/ supplements with your doctor. You may be asked to halt certain medications before surgery, especially the blood thinners. If you are a patient of anxiety, please discuss with your doctor. You doctor will help with you certain medications on same before surgery.
  • Take your specified medications and eye drops a night before surgery as prescribed by your opthomologist.
  • Do not eat or drink anything post-midnight.
  • If you have a habit of smoking, limit its usage for at least one month before the surgery.

Recovery After Cataract Surgery

In laser cataract surgeries, you would find yourself recovered with more than 80-90% of vision on the same day, and the rest 10-20% would clear out within next 1-2 days. However, we suggest the following precautions for your first week post surgery:

  • Be regular and disciplined with your post surgery medications. Do not lax. Avoid excessive reading/ Screen time for the first week.
  • Avoid direct sunlight for the first 7 days.
  • Do not bend over.
  • Avoid lifting anything heavy.
  • Limit the intake of spices and food that induces bloating.
  • Avoid strain/ pressure during bowel movements.

Why choose Pristyn Care for Cataract Surgery in Bhubaneshwar?

  • We use the latest opthal technologies- Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS) and Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)- two of the most advanced cataract treatment methods.
  • All our eye surgeons are experienced with over 5000 suregries each.
  • We ensure our hospital sites are thoroughly clean, sanitised and free of infection.
  • We assist you end-to-end in your insurance claims.
  • We provide you multiple payment options including-‘No Cost EMI Option
  • We offer you free pick and drop service on the day of surgery.

How to book an appointment with Pristyn Care in Bhubaneshwar?

Booking an appointment with Pristyn Care, Bhubaneshwar is extremely easy. You can either-

Call us directly through the number mentioned on our site or fill our ‘Book my Appointment’ form on the top right column. It has just four basic columns as ‘Your name’, ‘City’, ‘Disease’, and ‘Contact number’. Once you fill in these details and click ‘submit’, or coordinators will reach you within 24 hours and based on your choice, help connect you with a doctor either online/ offline.

What are the different types of Cataract Surgery?

All types of cataract surgery involve the replacement of the natural lens with an artificial implant, which is known as an intraocular lens (IOL). In Bhubaneswar and every other city across India, the following techniques are available to perform cataract operations:

  • Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery- It is one of the most common techniques used for cataract treatment. During phacoemulsification, the surgeon makes an incision around 2 to 3 mm with the help of an ultrasonic probe. The probe breaks up the cataract using vibration and removes the fragments with a suction device. Then a foldable lens is inserted into the eye through the incision.
  • Manual Extracapsular Cataract Surgery (MECS)- MECS is a technique that involves making a large incision, around 9 to 13mm long to remove the clouded eye lens and replace it with the IOL.
  • Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS)- It is a variation of MECS in which a smaller V-shaped incision is made in the eye. The incision becomes wider as it reaches the lens. While the outer incision is around 6.5 mm, the inner incision is around 11 mm.
  • Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS)- As the name suggests, micro-incision cataract surgery is done through a 1.8 mm incision which is even smaller than small incision cataract surgery (MSICS). The rest of the procedure stays the same. The clouded lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
  • Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)- It is the latest technique to perform cataract surgery. A femtosecond laser is used to make the incision and the laser further divides and softens the cataract. Due to this, a minimal amount of phacoemulsification energy is required to remove the clouded lens.
  • Intracapsular Cataract Surgery- This type of cataract surgery involves the removal of the entire lens and the lens capsule from the eye. It requires a big incision and has many risks and complications. Therefore, it is rarely performed nowadays.

Out of all these types of cataract surgery, each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Not to mention that each technique has some side effects and chances of complications. Therefore, when you consult a cataract doctor, he/she diagnoses the condition thoroughly and then suggests the appropriate technique which is safe for the patient.

How to choose the best cataract lens for you?

The best thing about cataract surgery is that once the lens is replaced, the results are long lasting. And there are different types of lenses for cataract surgery, each of which has unique benefits. These lenses are widely known as intraocular lenses and are classified into the following types:

  • Standard Lens (Monofocal)- This type of lens addresses the vision problems at a specific distance, i.e., either nearby vision or distant vision. You can choose between the two depending on the activities you perform on a regular basis. Monofocal lenses are usually spherical, i.e., the surface is uniformly curved, allowing the patient to see clearly at one distance only.
  • Multifocal IOLs- These lenses can help the patient to see distant and nearby objects clearly at the same time. These are considered premium lenses because they have both multifocal and accommodative properties that allow the patient to see at different ranges at the same time. Multifocal lenses are aspherical, therefore, they can correct presbyopia and astigmatism at the same time.
  • Toric Lens (IOLs)- This type of lens is specially made to correct astigmatism in cataract patients. There is a special type of toric lens as well that provides extended depth-of-focus. These lenses are slightly more expensive than other types as well.
  • Monovision Lens- People often confuse monovision lenses with monofocal lenses. There is a significant difference between these two. While a monofocal lens provides clear vision at a distance only, a monovision lens is implanted in both eyes to correct vision problems. An intraocular lens is implanted in one eye that provides nearby vision and another lens is implanted in the other eye that provides distance vision.

The doctor does an accurate diagnosis to determine the appropriate power of the IOL and provide desired results to the patient in terms of refractive outcomes after the surgery. You will have a detailed discussion with the doctor about these types of lenses for cataract surgery before proceeding with the treatment. The specialist will also provide you information about the best cataract lens brands in India, such as Bausch & Lomb, Freshlook, Acuvue, Alcon, Johnson & Johnson, Zeiss, etc. to make the decision.

Precautions After Cataract Surgery

Many people don’t realize this, but post-surgery care after cataract surgery plays a major role in determining how long you will need to recover. While you are being discharged from the hospital, the doctor will provide you with a guide that consists of all the dos and don’ts after cataract surgery.

Don’ts After Cataract Surgery

  • Do not rub your eyes with your hands as it can dislodge the corneal flap and stitches.
  • Don’t take a shower bath or swim for the first 10 days after surgery.
  • Avoid washing your eyes until the doctor gives you permission to do so.
  • Avoid using shampoos or cosmetic products too as they may contain chemicals that can irritate the eyes.
  • Do not indulge in activities that may damage your eyes, including contact sports or activities like swimming.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights as it may put a strain on your eyes.
  • Also avoid coughing, sneezing, or straining during bowel movements as it may increase the pressure on the eyes.

Dos After Cataract Surgery

  • You can watch TV or other digital screens after the 3rd day of cataract surgery.
  • Do remember to use the eye drops prescribed by the doctor as directed.
  • Wear a protective eye cap throughout the day and at night to prevent dust or dirt from entering your eyes.
  • Keep the protective cap on while you are asleep to ensure that you don’t rub or poke the eye during sleep.
  • Clean your eyes with clean and warm water with the help of cotton.
  • Contact your doctor if any of the problematic symptoms, like itchiness, fluid discharge, etc. persists longer.
Read More

Eye Care After Cataract Eye Surgery